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Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. IV. No. 1. 


Whole No. 37. 



E. Bknj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
H. Clay Deajter, a. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. Iff., Professor of Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Sfangler, A. B. de Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 
A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss P. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should toe sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


Send a student to Lebanon Val- 
ley College. 

Take time by the forelock. Edu- 
cate now. Five years from this 
time you will wish you had. It will 
be too late then. Be wise to-day. 

Stand not on the threshold of 
1891 with regrets. The past can 
not be changed. Be wiser by mak- 
ing a better use of the now. To- 
morrow may be another day. Who 
knows ? 

The list of prayer meeting topics 
for 1891 published by the Religious 
Telescope will be used by the Y. P. 
C U. of our church. " In union 
there is strength " and to know that 
ail over our church the same subjects 
will be considered, will be a great 


The protracted meeting began in 
the church on December 28. At 
this writing there have been twenty- 
five at the altar. The meetings 
have been largely attended. The 
whole has been blessed. 

Our winter term has opened very 
satisfactorily. The students were 
very prompt in their return. We 
have the usual number of new stu- 
dents. The work has begun in 
earnest, and good results are ex- 

Who of our friends did all they 
could for the college ? How many 
young people have you spoken to of 
the importance of thorough prepa- 
ration before plunging into the arena 
of active toil? If the Son of God 
spent thirty years in preparation, 
how many should we ? 

We are pleased to see so many of 
our old subscribers sending in their 
renewals. We trust none will for- 
get to renew. Could you not do 
more ? Secure several new sub- 
scribers. To the person sending us 
five subscriptions and $1.25, we will 
send one year free. 

The past term's work was very 
good. A few could have done bet- 
ter. There never was a term in the 
history of the college when there 
was less discipline. It has been re- 
peatedly remarked that the college 
is to be congratulated on the excel- 
lent conduct of its students. 

We are glad to receive so many 
words of appreciation from our old 
friends and graduates. One writes 
from Kansas, saying, " enclosed find 
twenty-five cents for a renewal of 
my subscription to the Forum. I 
could not afford to be without it, 
and especially since our worthy and 
honored friend, Prof. Bierman, has 
become the head of L. V. C." 

We would like to have five hun- 
dred new subscribers within two 
months. Every active itinerant in 
the patronizing conferences should 
take the Forum. If each would send 
us five names, this would give us 
about 1000 subscribers, and they 
would receive it free. Brethren, 
won't you aid us? It would take 
but little of your time to do it. The 
Forum will do 3 t ou good. Its visits 
will help you to get students for the 
college and be a blessing to the 

An education makes one appreci- 
ate life better, enables him to get 
more happiness out of it, to fulfil 
the purpose of his existence, to 
more truly and completely live, and 
culminates in a higher conception of 
God and the works of creation 
around about him. Why grovel 
through life, when you have that 
within your reach which will en- 
noble your very being and develop 
the grand possibilities God has 
placed within you ? May all grow 
into the full stature of the Lord. 

The day of prayer for colleges 
will be observed on the 27th inst. 
We trust that all over the patroniz- 
ing conferences there will be special 
exercises. Let the church pray and 
work for the material prosperity and 
success of the educational work of 
the church, and especially for Leba- 
non Yalley College. We need your 
earnest prayers. The young ladies 
and gentlemen within the college 
need them. If it is not convenient 
to have a public gathering, let there 
be private prayer from every chris- 
tian heart, or let the exercise on 
Sabbath be of that nature. It is 
our desire, that in some special way, 
that the college be brought before 
the people, and that there be united 
prayer in her behalf. 



Mr. Horace G. Crider at the 
opening of this term in behalf of 
his father, Mr. D. W. Crider, of 
York, presented a large bible to the 
faculty and students to be used in 
the chapel. President Bierman ac- 
cepted the gift, in very fitting words. 
The faculty and students by a unani- 
mous vote expressed their appreci- 
ation of and thanks for the gift. 
The gift was a perfect surprise to 
everyone. Everyone deep down in 
their hearts rejoiced. 

General Booth, in Darkest Eng- 
land, sets forth in most striking 
language the evils to which our chil- 
dren are subject when attending 
common school. " The common 
school to which the children of 
thieves and harlots and drunkards 
are driven to sit side by side with 
our little ones, is often by no means 
a temple of all the virtues. It is 
sometimes a university of all the 
vices. The bad infect the good, and 
your boy and girl come back reeking 
with the contamination of bad asso- 
ciates, and familiar with the coarsest 
obscenity of the slum." 

In all the colleges of our church, 
the great question to be solved is 
how to secure an adequate endow- 
ment. Many plans have been tried. 
Results have not been as satisfactory 
as the most sanguine had hoped, and 
they became discouraged. We be- 
lieve our people love the church and 
the schools of the church. Their 
support has been meagre on the 
whole, yet some have given largely 
and frequently. Several reasons 
may be assigned for the seeming 
negligence on the part of our people 
in not supporting our schools better. 
First, our people have not been 
taught that Lebanon Valley College 
is their college. How frequently do 
we hear them speak of your col- 
lege, not our college. Let them feel 
that success or failure will be due to 
their individual efforts and the col- 
lege will not go begging for her 
own. She made the church in the 
East in a large measure what she is. 
What is the church doing? 

Second, that giving to a college is 
just as much a christian duty as giv- 
ing to missions. "The laborer is 
worthy of his hire," is as true with 
colleges as with individuals. If the 

church would awaken up to its duty 
on this point, the coffers of our col- 
leges would be filled, instead of be- 
ing in the the condition they are. 

Third, the selfishness which masks 
itself under the cloak of building 
up home and local interests first, 
then we will give to our college. 
But the home takes it all and the 
colleges are left to suffer and eke out 
a scanty existence, which handicaps 
them. This state of things is not 
in accord with Christ's teaching. 
Before feeding the multitude Christ 
gave to the desciples and they gave 
to the multitude. The increase came 
by breaking and distributing. A 
church to prosper must be a mis- 
sionary church. A people to grow 
in grace must not keep their charity 
at home, although it begins at home. 
The widow's oil only increased when 
she poured it out. Would that the 
church might take our colleges to 
God in prayer. Then may we ex- 
pect to see this great question solved 
to the great glory of God. 

Educators in Session. 

The annual convention of the Col- 
lege Association of the Middle States 
and Maryland was held in Princeton , 
N. J., for this year on the 28th and 
29th days of November, and was at- 
tended by about seventy delegates 
from the various colleges .of these 
States. Among them was President 
Bierman, of this institution, as our 
delegate. The papers read and di 
cussed were of a very high order of 
merit. The subjects were as follows: 
" The Shortening of the College 
Curriculum." " Inductive Work in 
Colleges." " The Measure of Cul- 
ture Value in College Work." The 
Supervision of College Morals and 
Religion." " The Place of the Eng- 
lish Bible in a College Course," and 
"How to Manage a College Student." 

The standard of admission is high 
and no institution can secure mem- 
bership whose curriculum falls below 
that of the leading colleges of our 
country. For the first time in the 
history of the Association several 
Catholic schools were represented, 
among them the University of Amer- 
ica at Washington, I). C, and St. 
Francis Xavier College of New 
York City. Father Hughes of the 
latter read an interesting paper on 
" Philosophy in American Colleges." 

Dr. Gilman of Johns Hopkins 
was elected President of the Associ- 
ation for the ensuing year, and the 
place of meeting for next fall is 
Cornell University, Ithaca, New 

Colleges Self-Supporting. 

Perhaps one of the most damaging ^ 

conclusions in relation to the Chris- q 
tian College is that it should be self.' 
supporting. Build, finish and fur-J 

nish a college in lavish style, and «_ 

unless its patronage runs up into th 

hundreds of students, it is destined wl 

eventually .to collapse, even by the m 

strictest economy and business man- Q] 

agement, without donations or ade- m 

quate endowment. ta 

Of the 362 colleges in this country, th 

272 are supported by religious de- an 
nominations, the majority of which 
are more or less liberally endowed. 
Recently we sent the following ques- 
tions to a college president, whose 

success has almost been phenomenal: m 

1. Can a college of 200 students o, t 
maintain itself? U11 

2. What would be the effect if f 
there were 100 students? g e 

1st Ans. We have over two hun- c j« 
dred students, are practically with- 
out interest-bearing endowment, but 

we greatly need $100,000 for equip- f ul 

inents in Scientific department alone, bo 

and we now are seeking endowment, °u 

2d Ans. 100 students would have Le 

to be content with ten teachers, ig , 

which is by no means a sufficient a g 

number. In the college above re- a 1 

ferred to, nearly all take Art and th( 

Music, which add to the income of ' 

college. The campus needs constant cei 

beautifying and adorning, the ever- coi 

recurring expense of repainting, re- bei 

roofing, etc., of the exterior, the in- P a] 


terior adornment of modern changes, £ p< 
heating apparatus, lighting and ven- 
tilating, musical instruments, library, me 
specimens indispensable in the vari- m] 
ous courses of study. The college ^ 
demands in its many details the ou ' 
most spotless cleanliness and neat- SU] 
ness. The provision and supplies of "i. 
the college must be sufficient and of J 
nameless variety ; they must be pre- ^ 
pared so as to be palatable and am 
wholesome, requiring the most skilled of 
labor in the culinary department, ma 
whose services command the highest m ^ 
wages. But what of the Faculty? pul 
They should be intensely college CO j 
men. They should be blameless in G. 
life. They should be spotless in 
character. Orthodox in view. Their 
education and culture should be 
broad and liberal. They should he 
able to cause the light of Science, of 
Art and Literature to shine resplen- ma 
dently on every page — their whole of 
being should be engaged in their att 
work. It is said, "No mind can 
pour its intensity into two channels." 
To hope to secure such a Faculty at ' 
five or six hundred dollars per year, i ar 
is to be disappointed. A hundred j ns 
doors are open for such specimens at pu 
$1,000 to $1,500 per year. Divorce Wa 
the Christian College of the foregoing ev< 
indispensables, and in a very briel tht 
period you divorce it of its students sul 



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and patronage and it is a thing of 
the past. Admit these and the 
CI " ; College cannot be expected 
ip porting. 
b>b oove facts could be burned 
,he f msciences of the Church, 
aid be less hiding behind 
what is called economical abuses and 
mismanagement pleas. When the 
Church considers earnestly the de- 
mands for the fruits of a well sus- 
tained Christian College, then will 
the College go forth in her might 
and power. 

S. W. Clippinger. 

Resolutions of Condolence. 

At a meeting of the students, held 
in the chapel on Tuesda}^ December 
9th, the following resolutions were 
unanimously adopted on the death 
of Mr. Scheaffer, father of Mr. Grant 
Scheaffer, a member of the Senior 
class : 

Whereas : Almighty God in His in- 
finite wisdom has seen fit to call from la- 
bor to reward the father of G. L. Scheaffer, 
our fellow student, we, the students of 
Lebanon Valley College, actuated by a 
sense of sympathy for the bereaved who 
is passing through the deep waters of sore 
affliction in having lost one who has been 
a true counselor and a devoted parent, 

Resolved, 1st. That in the hour of his 
painful affliction we tender him our sin- 
cere condolence and trust he may find 
consolation in the conviction that his sad 
bereavement is precious gain to the de- 
parted, and that God may bless this dis- 
pensation to the advancement of our 
brother's eternal welfare. 

Resolved, 2d, That in this sad bereave- 
ment we recognize the hand of Him who 
rules over all and "doeth all things well." 

Resolved, 3d, That we are glad to know 
that our brother sorrows not as one with- 
out hope, but that he has the blessed as- 
surance of meeting father in the land 
that is fairer than day." 
Resolved, 4th, That as the deceased was 
an honest, upright man, and a consistent 
christian, we all imitate his worthy ex- 
ample, for though in apparent possession 
ot vigorous health and with a prospect of 
many years of usefulness in life "we are 
m the midst of death." 

Resolved, 5th, That the foregoing be 
published in the College Forum and a 
copy be transmitted to our fellow student, 
L. Schaeffer. 

H. B. YOHN, 
H. U. ROOP, 
President Bierman, Prof. Leh- 
man, the Senior Class and a number 
of the students in the under classes 
attended the funeral. 


Juniors on the Rostrum. 

The Junior class is of unusually 
large proportions, and is under the 
instruction of Prof. Deaner. The 
pnblic rhetorical of the first division 
was held in the chapel on Thursday 
evening, December 4th. For weeks, 
the coming public was the general 
subject of comment. The anticipa- 

tions though high were all realized. 
The Professor's class has the reputa- 
tion for first-class exercises, and this 
one nobly maintained that reputa- 
tion. There was prominently absent 
the traditional " effusions " so often 
seen among Juniors. All spoke dis- 
tinctly and their efforts were highly 
appreciated by the earnest and ani- 
mated clapping of hands. The music 
needs special mention. The Messrs. 
Baker and Weinman made their de- 
but with such consummate skill that 
they won the admiration of all. The 
vocal solo of Mr. Evers was sung in 
his usual style. Miss Brightbill's 
solo was of special merit. The " Col- 
lege Quartette " were enchored on 
the " Jolly Boys." 

The invocation was given by Rev. 
W. Lewars. 

The following programme was ren- 
dered : 

Piano Duet— Les Sylplies, Bachmann. 
Misses Baker and Weinman. 
Vocal Solo— Two Grenadiers, Schumann. 

S. J. Evers. 
Essay— What use is it? Miss Anna Fobnby. 
Oration— The Field of Operation, 

Elmer L. Haak. 
Quartette—" O Restless Sea I" C. A. White. 

College Quartette. 
Essay— "Drifting," Miss Minnie Burtner. 
Oration— The Demands of the Present, 

Hervin IT. Roop. 
Instrumental Solo— Titania, Nely. 

Miss Anna Brightbill. 
Essay-—" Mirrors," Miss Eauba Reider. 

Oration— Crime and Crimnals, 

Seba C. Huber. 

Quartette— "Jolly Boys," L. O. Emerson. 
College Quartette. 


[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.l 

President and Mrs. Bierman spent 
Christmas at his father's at Berne. 

Miss Sheldon spent the last week 
of last term in New York. 

Dr. Geo. R. Shenk, '87, of Ring- 
town, was at home over Christmas. 

Maurice Bowman has secured a 
position in Mr. Seabold's drug store. 

Prof. H. F. Stauffer, of Emporium, 
Pa., visited friends in town during 
the holidays. 

Prof. W. H. Kindt, '90, of Athens, 
Pa., spent his vacation with his 
parents on College Avenue. 

Prof. A. H. Gerberich spent his 
vacation at his home in Union De- 

Prof. Lehman had charge of the 
music at the Christmas festival in 
our Church. 

Rev. John Gray bill, '72, has re- 
cently taken charge of a congrega- 
tion in Pittsburg. 

Miss Annie Gensemer, of Pine 
Grove, had charge of the Art De- 
partment during Miss Sheldon's ab- 

Geo. W. Imboden, of our town, 
who was elected Treasurer of the 
county, took the oath of office on 
the 5th in st. 

Grandmother Rank, mother of 
Mrs. C. E. Maulfair, who lives on 
College Avenue, died on the 2d inst., 
and was buried on the 5th. Inter- 
ment in Evergreen Cemetery. 

During vacation, John Owen, of 
the Senior class, had charge of the 
signal service at the College. A 
deep interest is manifested by our 
citizens in the service. 

Misses Sheldon, Moyer and Sher- 
rick went to Harrisburg on the 18th 
ult, to see Mrs. Alice Evers (Burt- 
ner) as she passed through that city 
enroute for her new home in Clay 
Centre, Kansas. 

Prof. Anselm V. Heister, '87, of 
Palatinate College, Myerstown, de- 
livered the address at the Reformed 
Christmas Service. 

James R. Stein, a former student, 
now attending Franklin and Mar- 
shall College, spoke on the above 


The Daisy Shirt Co. has begun 

On the morning of December 15, 
the depot burnt down. The fire 
originated from the furnace. 

The inauguration of Governor- 
elect Pattison will occur on Tues- 
day, the 20th inst. 

All the persons who were injured 
in the railroad accident, which hap- 
pened near town, received damages. 

The ice houses have all been filled 
with an extra quality of ice. Tell 
your best girl of the news. Two 
spoons are not in style in 1891. 

The last sociable of the term was 
held in the parlor of Ladies' Hall on 
the 13th ult. The evening was spent 
in social chat and games. 

The moon on December 22 was 
the admiration of thousands. The 
halo which surrounded it had all the 
colors of the rainbow. 

It is said that twelve of the young 
ladies had their fortunes told during 
the last term. No one found out 
the revelations. This may seem 
strange, but it is a fact. 

A bachelor teacher asking a class 
of young ladies when there would be 
but twenty -five letters in the alpha- 
bet received from one of them the 
following answer : " When U and I 
are made one." 

The College Quartette did not 
sing in Hagerstown, Md., as was an- 
nounced, owing to the illness and 
death of Mr. Shaeffer's father. They 
expect to fill the engagement the 
latter part of this month. 

The Bible Normal Union Class 
passed a most creditable examina- 
tion in the blue seal. The second 
examination will be held the last of 
this month. 


The class in Elocution had a pub- 
lic examination in the chapel on the 
last Tuesday evening of the term. 
The manner in which all acquitted 
themselves reflected great credit 
upon themselves and their teacher. 

The Christmas festivities of the 
different churches were of universal 
interest and were free from the Santa 
Claus so often found. Each school 
gave confectionery and an orange. 
The decorations were very beautiful 
and suggestive of the occasion. 

The State grange at its recent ses- 
sion adopted resolutions, petitioning 
the Legislature to increase the an- 
nual school appropriation to $4,000,- 
000, to lengthen the school term, 
and to enact a compulsory law for 
all children under 14 years of age. 

The work of the Art Department 
excelled that of other years. More 
skill was displayed in the work done. 
The pieces painted were more diffi- 
cult and more artistically executed. 
Friends on visiting the College 
should not fai 1 to visit the department. 

The following is the programme of 

the District Institute of the Teachers 

of South Annville Township, to be 

held at Mt. Pleasant, January 15, inst: 

Opening.— How to prevent tardiness, 

B. Emma Wither. 
Language, J. Kufus Fblty. 

Music— How to keep children busy in pri- 
mary work : 
(a) in Graded Schools, Lizzie Walters. 

(6) in Ungraded Schools, S. Cottrell, Jr. 
The study of Physiology in our public schools 

W. A. Hartz. 
Music— How to regulate whispering, 

W. L. Ulrich. 

How should we educate our children to be- 
come good citizens '! D. B. Fritz. 

On the evening of December 18th, 
while our pastor, Rev. H. B. Spayd, 
was sitting in the lecture-room of 
the church, waiting for the young 
people of his flock to assemble for 
prayer-service, the sexton came into 
the room and asked the pastor to 
come home, as some one had called 
to see him. On entering his home, 
he found seventy -two of his members 
awaiting him. They made known 
their errand by filling his larder in a 
very liberal and bountiful manner. 
After singing, all bid their pastor 
good-night, and invoked the choicest 
benedictions of heaven upon him 
and his family. 

To many the dude is a modern 
•uriosity, a monstrosity of but a 
few decades. From the description 
of a newspaper in the year 1770, 
he has not improved much with 
civilization, but rather has degener- 
ated: "A few days ago a macaroni 
made his appearance in the Assembly 
rooms at Whitehaven, dressed in a 
mixed silk coat, pink satin waist- 
coat, and breeches covered with an 
elegant silk net, white silk stockings 
with pink clocks, pink satin shoes 
and large pearl buttons, a mushroom- 
colored stock covered with fine point 
lace, hair dressed remarkably high 
and stuck full of pearl pins." 

Marriage Bells. 

The marriage of Miss Alice M. 
Evers and Rev. D. E. Burtner oc- 
curred on the 16th of December, 
1890, in Keedysville, Md. It was 
slightly cloudy in the morning, but 
about 8 o'clock the heavens pre- 
sented a bright appearance. Be- 
tween 9 and 10 o'clock one could see 
many people wending their way to 
the U. B. Church in order to get a 
distinct view of the decorations and 
wedding. At 9:15 the ushers, Messrs. 
Charles Thomas, Webster H. Wyand, 
E. O. Burtner, brother of the groom, 
and S. J. Evers, brother of the bride, 
were taken to the church. Next 
came the parents of the br'de and 
relatives. At precisely 10 o'clock 
the bride and groom stepped from 
the hack to the church. After a 
few moments, Miss Myrtie Baker 
began playing Mendelssohn's Wed- 
ding March. The contracting par- 
ties were preceded by the ushers. 
On coming to the altar the ushers 
parted and allowed the bridal party 
to pass up to the chancel rail. The 
ceremony was solemnized by Rev. 
A. M. Evers, father of the bride, 
and assisted by Revs. W. B. Evers 
and L. O. Burtner. The couple 
were married with a ring. The cere- 
mony was indeed very appropriate 
and beautiful. 

After the church service, about 
45 invited guests accompanied the 
party to the home of the bride. A 
dinner was given, which consisted of 
choice delicacies. At one o'clock 
all repaired to the railroad station, 
and after all had given good-bye, and 
many wishes for happiness and many 
pounds of rice lay in profusion on 
the people and platform, and the 
traditional old slipper thrown at 
them for good luck, the train rolled 
into the station and bore away with 
it the happy couple. They left for 
West Fairview, Pa., the home of the 
groom, where a sumptuous dinner 
was given on the 17th. On Thurs- 
day, the 18th, they left for Musca- 
tine, Iowa, where they spent Sunday 
with relatives. On the following 
Tuesday they left for Clay Centre, 
Kansas, where Mr. Burtner has 
charge of a Congregational Church. 
Clay Centre will be their future home. 

The bride received many beautiful, 
costly and useful presents, and many 
letters of congratulation. 

Both the bride and groom are 
graduates of Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, and carry with them the best 
wishes of their many friends. 

Mrs. Burtner had been teaching 
Instrumental Music in her Alma 
Mater for seven years until the fall 
of 1890. Mr. Burtner, after his 
graduation from L. V. C., attended 
Yale Divinity School, from which he 
graduated in the spring of 1890. 

A Gubst. 

Last Thursday, Dec. 11, was a gala 
day for Annville,and many of its citi- 
zens were out in their best. The 
weather was most delightful, and the 
beautiful residence of Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph H. Kreider, on College aven- 
ue, was thronged with relatives and 
friends from near and fai\ The cause 
of all this was the marriage of Miss 
Emma Sarah Kreider, their eldest 
daughter, to Mr. Charles Mumper 
Coover, of Kansas City, Mo. The 
parlor where the ceremony took 
place, and the adjoining room of the 
bride's home were very tastefully 
decorated and presented a gorgeous 

Promptly at the appoinced hour 
12:30, off in the distance a faint 
sound of music was heard, and s. 
profound stillness fell upon all as 
eight young ladies, attired in white, 
descended the stairs singing the 
beautiful bridal chorus from Lohen- 
grin. At the foot of the stairs thev 
halted, still singing, and parted 
making an aisle through which the 
bridal party passed. The young 
ladies were Misses Forney, Shenk, 
Quigley, Brightbill, Swartz, Eby, 
Steffy and Rauch. 

The bridal pai'ty was preceded 
by the following ushers : Messrs 
D. Albert Kreider, Henry Van Horn, 
Joseph Gensemer, J. Foster Milliken 
R. H. Ritter and Morris A. Meyer. 
Then came the only sister of the 
bride, Miss Josephine Kreider. Hei 
gown was cream surah trimmed in 
marabout. The bride entered lean 
ing on the arm of her father. 

Near the southern end of the par- 
lor, the groom accompanied by his 
best man, Mr. William Coover, of 
Duncannon, Pa., met the procession 
and the marriage ceremony, which 
included the ring service, was per- 
formed by Rev. Mr. Spayd, pastor 
of the United Brethren church. Im 
mediately following the ceremonj 
Miss Anna R. Forney performed 
Mendelssohn's wedding march on 
the piano in a manner that called 
out the admiration of all present 
The bride was dressed in a rich cos 
tume of white faille trimmed in the 
latest style, carrying a bouquet of 
white roses, and looked exceedingl) 
handsome. The groom was dressed 
in the conventional black. A recep 
tion followed and refreshments, in- 
cluding the choice delicacies of the 
season, were served by the Messrs 
Weaver & Hubley, caterers, of Har 
risburg. The presents were man) 
and valuable, consisting of chin»< 
cut glass, solid silverware, linens it 
great variety, rockers, lamps and 

Guests were present from Phil* 
delphia, Germantown, Reading, Leb- 
anon, Harrisburg, Pittsburg, Pine 
Grove, Womelsdorf, Cornwall and 
other neighboring towns. 













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Near the middle of the afternoon, 
the newly married couple left, for 
Philadelphia and other eastern cities, 
followed by showers of rice, slippers 
and wishes of good luck from all 
friends as they descended the door 
steps to enter the carriage. Mr. 
and Mrs. Coover expect to make 
Kansas City, Mo., where he is con- 
nected with a business house, their 
future home. — Journal. 


One of the most quiet and delight- 
ful social events of the season was 
the marriage of Miss Ida Carper 
Bowman, daughter of Mr. Samuel 
Bowman, of Annville, to Mr. George 
B. Kline, a prominent druggist of 
Danville, Pa., and son of ex-repre- 
sentative Cline, on Thursdav, the 
8th inst., at 3 p. m., at the home of 
the bride. 

The marriage was solemnized in 
the presence of the immediate friends 
of the contracting parties by Rev. 
J. E. Heister, D. D , of the Reformed 
Church. The ceremony was short 
and impressive. 

After the congratulations, refresh- 
ments, consisting of the delicacies of 
the season, were served by Mr. Wm. 
H. Oliver, caterer of Lebanon. The 
table was most handsomely arranged. 
Large cakes, candies and nuts with 
roses, carnation-pinks and smilax 
adorned it, while in the centre was a 
pyramid of fruits whose rich colors 
were enhanced by the festooning, 
which, descending from the ceiling, 
commingled with it. 

The bride was the recipient of 
many handsome and useful presents, 
among which was a $20 gold piece 
from the father of the groom, a $10 
gold piece from the groom's step- 
mother, silverware, glassware, china 
tea set, water sets and linens. 

The bridal party left on the 4:24 
train amid the best wishes of their 
friends, for their new home at Dan- 
ville, which has been handsomely 
furnished, and was in readiness for 
their coining. Mrs. Kline was a 
former student of the College. She 
carries with her the best wishes of 
the College. 

Young People's Christian Union. 

The meetings of the Y. P. C. TJ. of 
our church have been of special in- 
terest and are largely attended. 
Our pastor is deeply interested in 
the work of taking care of the young. 
He is doing most excellent work. 
His suggestions are very timely, 
jhe giving of the members work to 
do. instead of doing it all himself, 
has been productive of excellent re- 
o u v The meetin g s are held each 
fcabbath evening, an hour before 
preaching, and are attended by both 
old and young. 

The following topics were used : 



Dec. 28th. 

-" Reward of Self-denial." Matt. 19: 
27-29. Cyrus Richard, Leader. 

— " Preparing for Victory." Joshua 
6: 12-16. Emma S. Rrkidkr, Leader. 

-"Guarding against Blacksliding." 
Heb. 10: 19-31. M. H. Smith, Leader. 

—A Song Service Scripture Lesson. 
Ps.98. Prof. J. E. Lehman, Leader. 

-"A Model Testimony of Christ." 

Ps. 40: 1-11. Mrs. W. O. Hkrr, Leader. 

-"Preparing for Battle." Eph.6: Il- 
ls. Maurice Brightbill, Leader. 

-"Fourteen Great Facts in John 6." 
( Bible Beading.) 

Prof. H. Clay Deankr. 

-"A Revival Begins in Humilia- 
tion." Joel 2.- 12-32. 

Samuel Graybill, Leader. 

Standard of Education. 

According to Ruskin, an educated 
man ought to know these things : 
First where he is— that is to say, 
what sort of a world he has got into, 
how large it is, what kind of crea- 
tures live in it and how, what is it 
made of, and what may be made of 
it. Secondly, where he is going — 
that is to say, what chances of reports 
there are of any world besides this, 
what seems to be the nature of that 
other world. Thirdly, what kind of 
faculties he possesses, what are the 
present state and wants of mankind, 
what is his place in society, and what 
are the readiest means in his power 
of attaining happiness and diffusing 
it. The man who knows these things, 
and who has will so subdued in the 
learning of them that he is ready to 
do, what he knows he ought, is edu- 
cated, and the man who knows not is 
not educated, though he could talk all 
the tongues of Babel. — N. Y. Ledger. 


All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

To all of our friends, those who are in- 
terested in the ''Corner," and those who 
are not, we come, bringing joyous, glad- 
some Christmas and New Year greetings. 
We recognize that we are a little late, but 
"Better late than never." We hope that 
for all, the year may be crowned with 
goodness ; that peace and plenty may 
smile on all, and that good may abound 
into everyone. 

We are especially grateful to those who 
contributed to this department of the 
Forum, and kindly ask the continuance 
of your help. There are many scattered 
here and there who have responded very 
faithfully to our requests. We hope that 
during the present year the number may 
be doubled or even tripled. More con- 
tributors will assure greater variety and 
more interest to all. 

Solutions to problems of December 
number have come in freely. We give 
them below. Are they all correct? Let 
us hear from our friends if there are any 
criticisms. Mr. Wagoner's solution to 
problem 63 has been criticised, and justly 
so. We are glad that our Pennsylvania 
friends are watching the Buckeye boys; 
Mr. Wagoner evidently did not read the 
problem carefully. The answer should 
be one-sixth instead of five-sixths. Who 
will furnish a correct solution ? 


No. 65. 

The difference between the true dis- 
count and interest is the interest on true 
discount, hence 

$261— $180=$81 int. on true dis. 
$180X.01X6yr.=$10.80 int. at 1% 
$81--$10.80=7^% rate. 

7^X6—45% rate for six years. 
-f-.45=$580 sum. 

J. M. Hekr. 

No. 66. 

/2304=48 ft. 

48X4^=192 ft. dist. around hall. 
72X2-=144 ft. length exceeds breadth. 

48 --2=24 ft. Breadth. 
24+72=96 ft. Length. 


No. 67 has not been satisfactorily 
solved. We hope somebody will favor 
our readers with a good, clear solution. 

No. 65 was also solved by Mr. Butter- 
wick. J. B. Artz of Lickdale, Pa., fur- 
nished solutions to several of the problems 
in November Forum and is very anxious 
for a better solution to No. 63. 

The following problems have been re- 
ceived from different sources, and are all 
interesting. They will furnish valuable 
exercise to tho.-e who are willing to give 


No. 68. 

A and B constructed 428 miles of R. R., 
and three times the number of miles A 
made plus 32 miles is to four times the 
number B made minus 24 miles as § is to 
f . How many miles did each build ? 
No. 69. 

If 15 men are fed for 7 days when flour 
is $8 a barrel, what must be price when 
ten men are fed 8 days at the same cost ? 
No. 70. 

I sold a quantity of teas, coffees ' and 
spices. My gain on the teas was equal to 
my gain on the coffees and spices together. 
My gain on the spices was 75% of my 
gain on coffees plus 50% of my gain on 
teas. My gain on coffees was $40. What 
was my total gain ? 
No. 71. 

Goods cost A $300, he sells to B at a 
certain profit, and B sells to C at the same 
profit £the goods cost C $432. What did 
they cost B ? 

No. 72. 

Three men go to market with 10, 30 and 
50 eggs respectively; they sell at the same 
rate and bring home the same amount 
of money. How much did each get ? 

The Queen's Latest Offer. 

A Free Education or One Year's Travel in 

In The Queen's "Word Contest," which 
the publishers of that magazine an- 
nounce as the last one they will 
ever offer, a Free Education consist- 
ing of a Three Years' Course in any Ca- 
nadian or American Seminary or College, 
including all expenses, tuition and board, 
to be paid by the publishers of The Queen, 
or One Year Abroad, consisting of One 
Entire Year's Travel in Europe, all ex- 
penses to be paid, will be given to the 
person sending them the largest list of 
words made from the text which is an- 
nounced in the last issue of The Queen. 
A special deposit of $750 has been made 
in the Dominion Bank of Canada, to 
carry out this offer. Many other useful 
and valuable prizes will be awarded in 
order of merit. The publishers of The 
Queen have made their popular family 
magazine famous throughout both Can- 
ada and the United States by liberal prizes 



given in their previous competition, and 
as this will positively be the last 
one offered, they intend to make it 
excel all others as regards the value of 
the prizes Send six two cent U. S. 
stamps for copy of The Queen containing 
the text, complete rules and list of prizes. 
Address The Canadian Queen, Toronto, 

The Fathers of the Republic an 
Uncommonly Young Set 
of Men. 

No fallacy is more firmly fixed in 
the public mind than that which rep- 
resents the establishment of our gov- 
ernment as the work of old men. 
The delusion is imbibed in chilihood, 
and is unconsciously cultivated by 
the text-books used in school. The 
" fathers of the Republic " are de- 
picted in all the histories with wigs, 
queues,and other accessories of dress 
that apparently betoken age, and 
the pupil naturally concludes that 
they must have been old when the 
nation was born. 

In point of fact, the}' were an un- 
commonly young set of men. George 
Washington, senior in age as well 
as in authority aud influence, was 
but 43 when the Revolution broke 
out, and 57 when he became first 
President; Thomas Jefferson, only 
33 when he wrote the Declaration 
of Independence ; Alexander Ham- 
ilton, but 32 when he became Sec- 
retary of the Treasury ; James Mad- 
ison, only 23 when he was made 
member of a Virginia committee of 
safety, and 36 when he was Hamil- 
ton's great collaborator in the pro- 
duction of that political classic "The 

Nor were the leaders in the great 
enterprise exceptional in this matter 
of age. Forty names were signed 
to the Constitution of the United 
States on the 17th of September, 
1787. Leaving out of account four 
whose birthdays are not given by the 
books of reference, only five of the 
remaining thirty-six had reached the 
age of 6Q ; twenty of the number 
were less than 45 years old; and 
twelve were under 40, among the lat- 
ter being one (Hamilton) of 30, an- 
other of 29, a third of 28, and a 
fourth who lacked some months of 
27 when the convention met. The 
average age of all the members did 
not quite reach 45 j-ears. The most 
important committee to which the 
instrument was referred for final re- 
vision consisted of five members, 
four of whom were between 30 and 
36 years of age, the fifth and least 
prominent being ^.— Century. 

Bright Eyes at Lebanon. 

We all discover that there is an 
education to be secured beyond the 
narrow limits of college halls, that 
there is a knowledge to be obtained 

outside of the student's study. It 
may be found by studying nature in 
her varied forms or it may be se- 
cured by observing the works of man. 
It is that knowledge which is of 
special benefit to the student. He 
may understand theories, but unless 
he knows their practical application 
it is of but little value. 

The theory of chemistry and me- 
chanics may be mastered, but unless 
the application of those sciences to 
the present wants of mankind is un- 
derstood, a large part of the theory 
is useless, and the prime object of 
study is lost. In order to secure a 
more thorough knowledge of the ap- 
plication of those sciences, two ex- 
cursions were made during the pasi 
term. The first one was, by the 
class in chemistry, to the Colebrook 
Furnaces, of Lebanon, Pa. The 
class, numbering ten students, ar- 
rived at the Furnaces in the early 
evening, and through the kindness 
of Mr. Yalentine, the manager, were 
conducted through the works. The 
roasting of the ore, by means of 
which the sulphur and watery vapor 
is driven off, was examined with in- 
terest, and the explanation of the 
new process of roasting, which will 
soon be introduced, was highly ap- 
preciated. The different parts of 
the furnaces were then examined, 
and at 6 o'clock the class observed 
the process of casting. After the 
molten metal ceased to flow from the 
crucible, the class returned to the 
college, gratified with the result of 
their investigations and thankful to 
Mr. Valentine for his efforts to make 
their visit a pleasant one. 

The Colebrook Furnaces are lo- 
cated in the western portion of the 
city of Lebanon, are owned by 
Robert Coleman, and have an aver- 
age capacity of 250 tons of iron daily. 

The second excursion was taken 
by the class in mechanics, on the 
afternoon of the 15th of December. 
The class, numbering eleven stu- 
dents, visited the Weimer Machine 
Works, and spent the entire after- 
noon in passing through them. The 
drafting, casting, polishing, and con- 
structing departments were succes- 
sively visited, and the large engine, 
weighing 150 tons, which was almost 
completed, and was shortly to be 
sent to a firm in South Pittsburg,Ten- 
nessee, was of great interest. After 
witnessing the casting of some heavy 
pieces of machinery, the class re- 
turned. The kindness of Messrs. J. 
A. and A. A. Weimer, for their in- 
terest in accommodating the class, 
was highly appreciated, as was that of 
Dr. J. H. Meese, through whose 
efforts the arrangements to visit the 
works were made. 

Subscribe for the Forum. Only 
25 cents a year. 

Shake ! 

Mr. Edison likes to tell the story 
of how he drifted east to Boston 
from Memphis, Tennessee, in his 
wandering period as a telegraph 
operator. He had been engaged by 
letter to act as receiving operator on 
the night service of the associated 

One evening he strolled into the 
Boston office and asked for the man- 
ager. The latter looked askance at 
the gawky, ill-at-ease, green-looking, 
shabbily-dressed being who present- 
ed himself for the really important 
and well-paid post. 

At that time the sending operator 
at the New York end of the line 
was known as "the lightning expert," 
and no one had been able to "take" 
without annoying breaks. 

Mr. Edison flushed under the man- 
ager's sneering inquiry as to whether 
he thought he could succeed where 
so many had failed. 

"I'll try," was his quiet rejoinder, 
as he seated himself at the instru- 

Connection was made, and the 
New York operator began to fire in 
a five thousand-word message. 

Faster and faster came the words; 
but there was neither pause nor 
break at the Boston end, where the 
manager gazed in amazement at the 
country bumpkin who, with apparent 
ease, was succeeding where all his 
crack experts had failed. 

At the conclusion of the battle- 
royal this query ticked over the wire 
from New York : 

" Who the deuce are you ? " 

The answer ticked back was, "Tom 
Edison,the new man from Michigan." 

And as quickly as the message 
could be carried came the response : 

"Tom Edison, you're a brick ! 
Shake !"— Selected. 

Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Another society term has passed, 
Let every Clio ask herself whether 
she has been benefited by the work 
done by herself, and the work of the 

The following officers have been 
elected : President, Miss Ella Say- 
lor ; Yice President, Miss Burtner; 
Secretary, Miss Brightbill ; Critic- 
Miss Yothers; Organist, Miss Car, 
rie Smith. 

The Misses Mumma have joined 
us ; we heartily welcome them. 

We spent our last evening in So- 
ciety discussing parliamentary rules.. 
The different phases of society rules 
were thoroughly discussed. 

We hope to have all of our old 
members with us next term. 








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Miss Anna Forney spent her va- 
cation in Philadelphia. 

Miss Josephine Kreider spent part 
of her vacation with Miss Mary Stein 
of Reading, Pa. 

Miss Quigley spent some time in 
Philadelphia during the holidays. 

Miss Emma Kreider was married 
at her home on the 11th inst., to 
Mr. Charles Coover. The Society 
extend their very best wishes to 
the couple. They will make Kansas 
City their future home. 

Miss Evers was recently married 
to Rev. D. E. Burtner at her home 
in Keedysville, Md. The best wishes 
of the Society are with them and 
hope their lives will be replete with 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

Writing the Society Items under 
the present home environments is 
quite different from those at college. 

The past month's meetings have 
been truly well attended and the 
programme well performed. 

Mr. H. A. Walmer, of Wilkins- 
burg, Pa., attended the anniversary 
of the Clionian Literary Society, 
and also the Society the eve before 
leaving. Mr. Walmer is progressing 
nicely in his work in the Westing- 
house Electric Works of Pittsburg, 
Pa. May he continue to prosper, is 
the wish of his friends. 

Mr. W. J. Gardner also attended 
the Anniversary and Society. Mr. 
Gardner is attending the University 
Medical College of Philadelphia. 
He will finish his course in '93. May 
he be well prepared to enter the im- 
portant profession of medicine is 
the desire of friends. 

Mr. Harry Shenk was with us on 
our occasion last month. He is at 
home now near Lancaster, working 
with his father in the milling busf- 
ness. Come often, Harry. 
_ Prof. J. T. Spangler paid the So- 
ciety a visit on Friday eve, Nov. 28. 
The Prof, was formerly a very active 
member and did much for the pro- 
motion of K. L. S. He gave us 
some excellent remarks and advice, 
which all could well follow. His 
remarks on the debate, Resolved 
that the character and writings of 
John Bunyan exerted a greater in- 
fluence for good than those of John 
Milton, were excellent. 

Prof. Spangler is advancing splen- 
didly with his respective branches. 
He commands the respect of all. 
Come again ; your visits are always 
beneficial and are appreciated. 

Misses Forney, Kreider and Bright- 
bill visited the Society a few weeks 
ago. We were very glad to see 
them. They wade some good re- 
marks on the debate, and encouraged 

us in our work. Boys will always 
consider well the timely words of 
ladies. Ladies, your visits will al- 
ways be appreciated, so visit us 
whenever convenient. 

The editor left school on the 13th 
of December to attend the wedding 
of his sister, Alice M. Evers. He 
has been enjoying himself hugely at 
his home. Keedysville is lively at 
present and will be more so when 
another student enters its borders 
from the college. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

"Esse Qitam Videri." 

" Philokosmian " means " Lover 
of the Beautiful," and lovers of the 
beautiful we ever strive to be. And 
not only the beautiful in form and 
figure, in outward appearance, do 
we love, but also the beautiful in 
deed and in action. " To be, rather 
than seem to is graven on our 
shield and that do we follow. To 
be right rather than seem to be 
right, to be true rather than seem to 
be true, to be honest rather than 
seem to be honest — these are our 
principles, and with such principles 
success is sure to crown our efforts. 
Who can gainsay it ? 

Fridaj^, December 12, was held the 
last meeting for the fall term, and as 
we sat in the Hall and looked about 
us at the familiar objects and the 
well-known faces for the last time in 
the year 1890, we could not help but 
realize that there was a great change 
taking place in our midst. 

Even as a boy changes when he 
grows up to be a man, so we are 
changing. Once we were young; 
three years ago we became of age ; 
now we ai-e almost 24 years old ; soon 
we will be old ; but j ust as the old 
man is the same person as the boy 
from which he has grown, so the 
P. L. S. is the same as it used to be, 
only it has grown larger, stronger, 
and better. It has taken upon itself 
new responsibilities and offers better 
facilities for growth and culture and 
development to those who join its 
ranks than it has ever done before. 
May the coming year be even more 
successful than the past one has 

On Friday, December 12, was held 
our election of officers. The result 
is as follows: Pres., H. U. Roop; 
V-Pres., H. W. Crider; Sec, J. M. 
Herr; C. Sec, S. T. Meyer; Treas., 
S. Cottrell, Jr.; Chap., G. K. Hart- 
man; Org., S. H. Stein; Critic, W. 
H. Washinger; Jan., S. C. Huber; 
Editor, D. A. Kreider. 

We have had quite a number of 
visitors this last month, among 
whom we notice Profs. Deaner and 
Spangler, the Misses Annie and 
Sadie Backenstoe, of Union Deposit, 

Misses Musser, Weinman and Hum- 
phryville, of. Come again ; you are 
alwa} T s welcome. 

Rev. H. M. Miller has opened his 
revival services at Rocherty. As 
he has several revivals to hold, he 
will not be able to attend school 
next term. 

Rev. S. C. Enck has also begun his 
revivals, and Rev. D. S. Eshleman is 
assisting him in the good work. May 
success crown their efforts. 

Prof. C. F. Flook, Prof, of Mental 
and Moral Sciences at Kee Mar Col- 
lege, Hagerstown, Md., paid us a 
flying visit on the 19th. We learn 
that the Prof, has been very success- 
ful in the work in which he is now 
engaged. He expects to enter the 
ministry. Our best wishes go with 

Don't fail to hear Griswold, the 
" Fat Contributor," on the 26th of 
January. It will be illustrated and 
comic If you miss it you will miss 
the half of your life, and when you 
hear your friends talk about the 
lecture, you will wish the other half 
was lost also. Again we say, Don't 
miss it! 

Our Annual Book Reception will 
be held on January 12, 1891. For 
the benefit of some who have been 
inquiring, we would say that our 
library now consists of upwards of 
800 volumes, but with the increase 
and development of the Society has 
come a demand for better facilities. 
We must have more books, and we 
are only thankful that our ex-mem- 
bers respond so readily to our re- 
quest. We expect quite a large 
accession to our library this time. 
Please send in your contributions 
early. A programme has been pre- 
pared for the occasion, and there 
will be addresses by several promi- 
nent ex-Philokosmians. 

The programme for January 9 is 
as follows : 

SUBJECT— "Current News." 

ADDRESS— Biography of August Belmont, 


ADDRESS— Dr. Koch's Consumption Cure, 
G. K. IIartman. 

DUETT S. II. Stein anil S. C. Enck. 

DISCUSSION— Was the Result of the Recent 
Election Caused by the McKinley Bill? 
Aff., S. Cottrkll: Neg., J. W. OWkn. 

QUARTETTE — " Silver Tone. 7, 

EXTEMPORE, D. A. Kreider. 

ADDRESS — Important Elementsin the Pres- 
ident's Message, H. U. Roop. 

SOLO H. U. Roop. 

DEBATE— Resolved, That Parnellis a Better 
Leader tor the Irish People than Glad- 
stone. Aff., G. L. Sheaffer and O. E. 
Good; Neg., D S. Eshleman and J. L. 


The Busy O leaner published in the in- 
terest of the U. B. Church at New Cum- 
berland, Pa , comes full of hope, and its 
purpose is to promote a better Christian- 
ity. The pastor, Rev. Mover, as editor, 
is assisted by an editor from the Y. P. C. 
U., and two associate editors. 

The Trinity Church Echo, of Lebanon, 
Pa., with Ex-President Kephart as editor, 
is issued monthly by the Y. P. C U. of 
the church. The address of Bertie S 



Kerr, at Young People's Sociable, is ex- 
cellent, especially for one so young. 

The JEgu Otterbein for December con- 
tains an article from Dr. Landis on "Ed- 
ucation a Duty," that should be read by 
every young man and woman in our 

College Echoes of Lane University gives 
a cut of the University as it will appear 
when completed. 

The College Bevieic of Findlay College 
for December gives a description of their 
new Gymnasium, which has been equip- 
ped through the liberality of private con- 
tributions. A chart for systematic work 
on dumb bell drill follows the article on 

Our Visitor, edited by Rev. W. O. 
Fries, class '82, is a welcome visitor. 
We are glad to notice the success attend- 
ing his labors. 

The Mercersburg College Monthly 
speaks most confidently of the efforts 
made to remove the debt from the col- 
lege. The Monthly strongly favors ex- 
aminations as being most advantageous 
to students. 


Cicero 's Selected Letters, edited by Prof. 
Montague of Columbian University and 
published by Eldredge & Brother, sup- 
plies a long felt want. The Letters throw 
a strong light upon the character of Cice- 
ro and upon the men and customs of the 
times. The work will be welcomed by 
teachers as it places in chronological or- 
der the Letters, which give a connected 
history of those times and especially that 
of the Roman commonwealth during the 
last twenty years of Cicero's life. The 
work has been ably edited and notes are 
full, clear and concise. It is divided into 
five parts, as follows : from 62 B. C, to 
Cicero's banishment; letters written while 
in exile ; after the return from exile to 
to Cicero's Pro-consulship ; from Pro- 
consulship to the Dictatorship of Julius 
Caesar ; from the Dictatorship to the close 
of the Letters 43 B. C. No student's li- 
brary will be complete without these 

The Atlantic Monthly for 1891 will con- 
tain Frank R. Stockton's Serial, The 
House of Martha. Short Stories will be 
furnished by Rudyard Kipling, Henry 
James and others. Dr. Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, Mr. Whittier and Mr. Lowell 
will contribute occasional poems. Un- 
published Letters by Charles and Mary 
Lamb will appear. The Siege of Louis- 
burg by Frank Parkman will be the sub- 
ject of three papers. Prof. Osborn of 
Princeton will write on Questions in Mod- 
ern Science. Topics in University, Sec- 
ondary and Primary Edncation will be a 
special feature. The January number 
opens with Percival Lowell's adventures 
in Japan. The New University course by 
Cleveland Abbe is a plea for a recognition 
by our highest institutions of learning of 
the claims of terrestrial physics as a dis- 
tinct department of research and of in- 
struction. Other articles are Compulsory 
Arbitration, An Inherited Talent, Individ- 
ualism in Education, Boulangism and the 
Republic, and Lesson of the Pennsylvania 
Election. Terms: $4. 00 per year. Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Company. 

The first instalment of the selections 
from Talleyrand's long-expected Memoirs 
is the most striking feature of the Janu- 
ary Century. A sketch of Talleyrand 
by Minister Whitelaw Reid prefaces this 
instalment. The opening pages tell of 
Talleyrand's neglected childhood, and his 
entry into Parisan society. 

Before plunging into the Gold Discovery 
the California series pauses at the "Pio- 
neer Spanish Families in California." 

Glimpses of pastoral life are afforded 
by "A Carnival Ball at Monterey," "A 
Journey from Monterey to Los Angeles," 
and " Domestic Life in 1827." 

"A Romance of Morgan's Rough Ri- 
ders," is a contribution made to the group 
of articles on the experiences of prisoners 
of war. 

The frontispiece of the January Cen- 
tury is a portrait of the sculptor Augus- 
tus Saint-Gaudens. 

The opening article of the number is 
C. W. Coleman's description of the fine 
old mansions along the Lower James. 
Octave Thanet tells a true, timely and 
thrilling story of "An Irish Gentlewoman 
in the Famine Time " of 1847-8. 

In the Topics of theTime and Open Let- 
ters the following subjects are discussed : 
"How to develop American Sentiment 
among Immigrants," " Ballot Reform as 
an Educator," "The Decline of Superan- 
nuation," "The Library of American 
Literature;" "New York as an Historic 
Town," "Protection for the Red Cross," 
"A World-Literature," and " Who was 
the First Woman Graduate? " 

Among the features of The Forum for 
next year will be : "Results of the Cen- 
sus, ' ' a series of articles by Gen. Francis 
A. Walker ; results of the latest research 
and of the most recent achievements in 
all important lines of work, in science 
and in industry, by specialists ; for ex- 
amples, Dr. Austin Flint will write on 
"Dr. Koch's Discovery;" Dr. Richard 
Gatling on the "Development of Fire- 
Arms ;" Frank H. Cusning on "The 
Hemenway Expedition ;" Gaston Tissan- 
dier, the French scientist, " Dirigeable 
Balloons ;" Prof. Emile de Laveley on 
"The Partition of Africa," and so on; 
political discussions by the leaders of 
opinions of both parties in the United 
States, and by foreign statesmen ; "Shib- 
boleths of the Time," a series of critical 
examinations of popular opinions, by W. 
S. Lilly, the British essayist ; autobio- 
graphical essays, a series to which some 
of the most noted men of the time, 
American and British, have already con- 
tributed ; discussions of social and relig- 
ious problems in the United States ; and 
literary articles, discussing the tendencies 
ot literary work along all directions of 
activity, by the foremost critical writers. 

What a Cigar Did. 

There is a story that is not alto- 
gether new, but some of you may 
find it so. It is told of a sea cap- 
tain, who commanded a ship sailing 
from New York. On one occasion 
the ship caught fire, and the pas- 
sengers and crew were compelled to 
take hurriedly to the boats. 

The captain remained perfectly 
cool throughout all the confusion 
and fright of the embarkation, and at 
last every one except himself was 
got safely into the boats. 

By the time he was ready to fol- 
low the passengers were almost wild 
with fear and excitement. Instead 
of hurrying down the ladder, the 
captain called out to the sailors to 
hold on a minute, and, taking a cigar 
from his pocket,coolly lighted it with 
a bit of burning shroud that had 
fallen from the rigging at his feet. 

Then he descended with deliberation 
and gave the order to push off. 

"How could you stop to light a 
cigar at such a moment ? " he was 
asked afterward ,when some of the paa 
sengers were talking of their escape, 

"Because," he answered, " I saw 
that if I did not do something to di 
vert the minds of those in the boat 
there was likely to be a panic, and 
overcrowded as it was, there was 
danger of its being upset. The act 
took but a moment, but it attracted 
the attention of everybody. You 
all forgot yourselves because you 
were thinking about my curious be 
havior, and we got off safely.' 1 

E. B 
H. C 

A. H 



Character as Seen in Faces. 

Thick lips indicate genius and 
conservatism. Large dilating nos- 
trils are a sign of poetic tempera- 
ment and a sensitive nature. Along 
forehead denotes liberality. Arched 
eyebrows good ancestry and amia- Miss 
bility. A bold projecting Roman Ml88 
nose, indicates enterprise. Delicate 
nose, good nature. A large nose, ciioi 
strength of will and character. An pwi< 
eye that looks one cheerfully and Kal ° 
frankly in the face shows honesty and 
faithfulness. Lips slightly curved h. a 
upward at the ends indicate a fine A , 
sense of humor. Soft round cheeks •shou 
denote gentleness and affection ; dim- "ons 
pies in the cheeks, roguery ; in the 
chin, one who falls easily in love. 
A broad chin denotes firmness. 
Straight lips, firmly closed, resolu-anyt 
tion. Large ears denote generosity. Fo 

A gen 




It is conducted on the REVERTING FUNDdom 

Meets with popular favor wherever intro- 
duced. Embodies the cheapness of the " AS-Har] 
SESSMENT PLAN" and the security of the^ • 

Is Supei'ior and unlike any other plan oitreat 
Life Insurance. Affords the same benefits iH(| 
case of death as that of any other insurance, 
and is the only system that guarantees tM^ ue I 
insured a benefit at stated periods duringof m 
life in exess of the premiums paid. i „ 

Actuaries and insurance men generally "l 
pronounce it the " acme " of insurance plaB&Sonn 

Plan circulars will be mailed to any one o s f rn 

4S- General and Soliciting Agents wanteteat i 
throughout the United States. Terms 8 tt - we 
perior to those offered by any other company 

Address, • a nd . 

H. V. MOHN, Pres't. ^ 

15 North Fifth Street, thor< 
Reading, Penn'» the a 

®ft^ Cf olteje Jfopm, 

Lebanon Valley College 


•M a 


o di- 
, and 


eact VOL. IV. No. 2 

3 be 


) era- 
mi a- 




Wliole No. 38. 



E. Ben.j. Bierman, A. M., President. 
H, Clay Deaneh, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. B. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Spangler, A. B., de Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 
A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 


Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 


H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-Jive cents. Subscriptions received at 
any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


Through the kindness of a friend 
we have been furnished with a copy 
of the Kingston, Mass., News, which 
contains on excellent sermon on 
r Theism, Pantheism and Evolution 
und Compared." Text, Genesis i : 1. 
ntro I>reach ed by the Rev. Cyrus D. 

ftue Harp ' A ' M -' R D '' a £ raduate of 
f * "this Institution, class of '80. In his 

m ottreatment of the subject, Mr. Harp 
andf Iaws some nice distinctions between 
s tuethe true and the false ; gives evidence 
"inlof mature scholarship in his exegesis 
.raW of the text, and does not fail to draw 
lasasome very practical deductions 
jfrom his train of reasoning. As we 
tedjsat and read this able production, 
p e confess to some personal pride 
»nd gratification that our own Leb- 
anon Valley College could claim at 
Jeast some share in the work of that 
thorough mental culture of which 
in»*Uie author is possessed, and of which 

he gives such abundant evidence in 
the discussion of his subject. 

The two needs of the colleges of 
our church are students and ade- 
quate endowment. We as a church 
have both. The halls of our colleges 
would be filled to overflowing if we 
had the proper means at work to see 
the young of our Church, flow to 
get our sons and daughters to col- 
lege needs the most careful consider- 
ation of the Church. The securing 
of endowment must be placed upon 
some systematic basis. Who will 
suggest the plan or plans for secur- 
ing both ? 

We have been reading of a goodly 
number of bequests to institutions 
of learning within the past month. 
This benevolence has been bestowed 
largely upon those institutions which 
are already well endowed. Yet, 
those institutions greatly need it, in 
fact they have been hampered be- 
cause of the need of funds. 

What is Wrong, and Whence the 
Remedy } . 


If life is a race, then there should 
be a training. The very fact of en- 
tering the cause without previous 
training, means that you will not be 
able to cope with those who have 
been in training, and you have noth- 
ing upon which to hope for success. 

The College will have a Normal 
during the spring term. See notice. 

A Normal Class. 

We take pleasure to announce 
that all the necessary arrangements 
have been made by the College to 
organize a class for teachers and 
others who want to prepare for 
teaching, on Monday, April 6th, and 
continue for ten weeks. 

The class will be placed under 
first-class instructors, and lectures 
on methods of instruction, etc., will 
be delivered weekly. 

Fuller particulars will appear in 
the March number. 

Our last church year book shows 
the total membership in the confer- 
ences which elect trustees to Leba- 
non Valley College, to be 42,914 ; in 
the same conferences the scholars 
enrolled in the Sunday-schools num- 
ber 54,818. The fact that from these 
thousands of members and thousands 
of Sunday-school scholars there are 
only about 100 students in the Col- 
lege, justifies me in saying " the con- 
ferences that elect trustees," rather 
than " the conferences that co-oper- 
ate." The co-operation is nominal 
only, not actual. This condition of 
things awakens some interesting in- 
quiries. Is it so because our people 
are not interested in the education of 
their children ? Are the children of 
the families represented by these 
many thousands, all but the few now 
in the College at Annville, growing 
up with nothing more than a com- 
mon school education ? If this be 
true, it by no means argues well for 
the future of our church in the East. 
If in this day of almost universal 
education, we fall so tremendously 
in the rear, the prospect for enlarged 
success and growth in the next 
twenty years is by no means en- 
couraging. If it be true that this 
meager attendance of students is the 
result of a lack of interest in the 
intellectual culture of our young 
people, then there is scarcely any- 
thing more important to us, than the 
inauguration of a movement that 
will result in a general aAvakening in 
this respect. 

But possibly the attendance at L. 
V. C. by no means represents the 
interests of our people in educational 
results. Possibly many of our young 
people are seeking a higher intel- 
lectual culture, but are seeking it in 
the colleges of the State, or in the 
colleges of other churches. , This 
were much better than to neglect to 
seek at all ; but yet, if it be true, it 
does not argue well for our future 
prosperity as a church. In order to 
the best success of our church, it is 
highly important that we retain 
with us the energetic, enterprising 


young men and young women of the I 
church, and have them become intel- 
ligent workers in the church. But 
we shall most signally fait to do so, 
unless we succeed in culturrag them 1 
in the schools of the church. 

If our young people are to bless 
the world, and benefit it to the great- 
est possible degree, they must not j 
only be converted, but must also be j 
educated. If in blessing the world 
they are to assist as well in building- 
up our church, they must be edu- 
cated in our schools. If this be a 
correct position, then in view of the 
facts in relation to the very little 
that we in the East are at present 
doing toward the education of our 
young people, " What is wrong and 
whence the remedy ? ' becomes a 
very practical and important ques- 

Intellectual Education: Our Na- 
tion's Hope. 


"It behooves you, oh son, to 
abound in the doctrines and precepts 
of philosophy, for the sake of the 
highest influence of culture and of 
your country; one of which is able 
to augment you with science, the 
other with experience,' 1 was the ex- 
cellent advice given by Cicero to his 
son, Marcus, who was then about 
twenty years of age, and who had 
already spent many years in study. 
Would that such were the admoni- 
tion of more of our fathers of to-day, 
and that the sentiment of the sons 
and daughters might be with Milton, 
"I care not how late I come into 
life, only that I come fit ! " 

The tendency of the American 
people, however, is towards material 
aggrandizement. In the wild, al- 
most frantic haste to accumulate 
riches, the modern definition of man 
has well nigh evolved into " a crea- 
ture whose chief end is to invent 
and manufacture material products,'' 
while his material possessions are 
only a means to his perfection and 

Viewing education from a ma- 
terial standpoint, does it pay ? Will 
an education compensate an Ameri- 
can for the time spent in its acquisi- 
tion ? Were the negative of this 
question universally believed and 
practiced, how sad would it be for 
our nation! How soon our lustre, 
now illuminating every nation with 
its generous gleams, then would fade 
into obscurity ! Ere two genera- 
tions had returned to the dust, would 
we be found in the darkness and 
ignorance of the fifth century. But 
happily it is not. The present stage 
of our civilization demands educated 
men and women ; and the demand is 
becoming so imperative that, to oc- 

cupy any position of respect or 
proper remuneration, one must be 
educated. Though this urgent de- 
mand unquestionably exists, there 
are those who. through a mistaken 
idea of education, do not realize its 

The truhi educated man will as 
surely rise through the masses of 
the illiterate, as cream rises upon 
milk. Behold the Scotch in the 
Seventeenth century, looked upon as 
we now look upon the Esquimaux ! 
But see him in the Eighteenth, after 
the law had been passed, ordaining 
that in each parish of the realm a 
commodious school house should be 
provided, and a moderate stipend 
be paid to a school master. Ma- 
caulay tells us that " Ere one gen- 
eration had passed awa}^, it began to 
be evident that the common people 
of Scotland were supei'ior in intelli- 
gence to the common people of any 
other county of Europe. *' '* * 
To whatever country he wandered 
he rose to the top as sure as oil rises 
above water. If he was taken into 
a warehouse as a porter, he soon be- 
came a foreman. If he enlisted in 
the army, he soon became a Ser- 
geant." His education helped him 
to higher and more lucrative posi- 

Alas ! too many people spend all 
their energy in seeking to heap up 
the goods that can never be safely 
hoarded, and neglecting the enrich- 
ment of themselves in treasures that 
abide forever. Behold the difference 
between the two men ! the one rich 
materially, the other intellectually. 
In life the former's possessions are 
evanescent, but the lattcr's, abiding 
forever ; worldly accumulations take 
to themselves wings, but intellectual 
affluence furnishes man with wings. 
In death the difference will be ac- 
knowledged still greater ; the one 
with the material possessions must 
be cut loose from all that gave him 
pleasure, and as it were, be plunged 
backward into a fearful gulf of un- 
certainty ; while the other is merely 
freed from that which has ever been 
his restraint — his mortal body — to 
enter a world, as Socrates believed, 
where the illustrious are separated 
from the base, and where the pure in 
mind associate only with the pure in 
mind. " Happy 'is the man that 
tindeth wisdom. * * * Length 
of days is in her right hand ; and in 
her left hand riches and honor. Her 
ways are ways of pleasantness and 
all her paths are peace." 

Many <>t' our modem people be- 
lieve with Plato that education is 
fitted only for persons of leisure. 
This idea has passed from Greece to 
Rome, to the feudal communities of 
Europe, where also the warrior caste 
and the priestly caste were alone 
held in honor, while the useful class 

or laborers (although not slaves al 
in the pagan world), were kept in 
ignorance, because education would 
tend to dissatisfy them with theii 
pursuits. Since education does thus 
awaken in man a longing for thj 
higher walks of life, he should pro 
cure it by all means; the desire a 
not without its gratification. What 
ever position in life we expect to oc 
cupy, we can feel sure that an educa 
tion will be of material advantage, 
But is wealth our most worldlj 
ambition in life ? With Pope 

"What riches give us, let us then inquire feet 

Meat, fire and clothes. What moil 
Meat, clothes and fire.' 






to ( 




to ( 
he i 


[,(io (lev 

'Can wealth give happiness ? 

round and see ; 
What gay distress ! What splencH ^ 



Ah, there is a nobler life to live sup 
higher motives by which we should vek 
be inspired, than the mean mereenari jy 
incentives of the Mammonist, wh «lo\\ 
bends every power, and, wdien to hi wisl 
momentary advantage, his scruple subj 
to the hording up of dollars. Whe han 
we read the works of those illustri cise 
ous minds — Homer, Virgil, Milton his: 
Burke, Emerson and hosts of oi her ther 
in the language of the poet, lows 

" We are for that time lifted above cart : '". v 
And possesses joys not promised in o T 
birth." witl 

We are allowed a glimpse into ' laVl 
that nobler life ; a breath of tha W( ' ; 
purer air, in the atmosphere of which QX *< 
were we qualified to live, more liki ^ 
gods would we be, than men. llsc 

The only means by which we cai ? a ^ e 
attain to such an exalted life, is edr 
cation. :u "' 

as t 

"'Tis education forms the common mind 
Just as the twig is bent, the t ree's ii " ' . 
clined." ^ 

() that all fathers could be mad 
to see that " Education is by far tb m j 
best legacy that a parent can leav ' 
to his offspring ! " But only in i Wee j 


sense can it be bequeathed. 

" Learning by study, must be won ; 
'Twas ne'er entail'd from sire to SOBJ 


Nor will it come at once ami entire con ^ 
like Minerva from the skull of .love H{1G ^ 
but by persistent, severe and unrd De 
lenting stud}'. Work is essential tj g ( 
growth. The Creator has so const! m j nf 
tuted the human intellect that it ca^t 
only grow by its own action, and bjthis^ 
its own action it will of necessitj SVm] 
grow. It has been said that " w ininc 
educate the mind, all its faculties ^ 
must be vigorously exercised. Th<g ut 
memory should not only be stored,,,, s 
with facts and principles, but tb f then 
judgment should be clarified, tb f iuitil 
understanding quickened, the reaso&acuu 
ing sharpened, the attention barbed eoni( 
and the will — the mind's exeeutive-i n f er 
confirmed and strengthened, so thai a j n 
all the faculties of the mind shall Ipjhou 
as apples of gold in pictures of si^ (! a 





ept in 

!S thus, 
>r ti 
d pro 

to oc 



o live 

yer!" But let us consider a little 

further the idea of education. 

The word education, according to 
its derived and etymological signifi- 
cance, means to train up as a child, 
to rear and to culture ; to lead forth, 
to draw out. Not to endow with any 
new faculties, but only to lead out 
and develop those with which we 
are endowed. 

Man comes from God with certain 
native endowments and properties ; 
to develop these latent germs until 
he evolves into the beauty of a per- 
fect and rounded manhood, is his 

The oak is nothing more than the 
Lool developed, or we may say, educated 
acorn. The fertile soil, the rain and 
the sunshine do not endow the seed 
with any new properties, but only 
apply it with the conditions of de 

should velopment. 
cenaj Man in his physical being is en- 
t, wh« dowed with certain germs ; but if he 
to hid wishes health and strength, he must 
•ruple subject himself to those vigorous. 
Whet hardening, toughening forms of exer- 
llusti cise fitted to secure it. If he uses 
Vlilton his arms constantly, he will develop 
other thereon powerful muscles. If he al- 
lows it to lie unused, it will eventu- 
oarth H ".y De paralyzed. 

The fish in caves are found to be 
without eyes, simply because they 
have been unable to use them. Thus 
we are taught that by use, our pow- 
ers are perfected ; by neglect, lost. 

The same law of development by 
use applies to the mind. It is edu- 
cated only when its constituent fac- 
ulties are symmetrically developed ; 
and this may be accomplished only 
as they are put to a thorough and 
exacting discipline. 

The pugilist in preparing for the 
contest does not exercise alone his 
■ biceps, but symmetrically all the 
J a ;^3 muscles of his body. Nor does he 
prepare himself in a day, nor in 
weeks ; but after months of discipline, 
gradually increasing in severity* and 
o'soa.1 difflcult j- llntil h e is taxed to the 
. J utmost, he comes forth ready for the 
^""JJconflict in which anv one' lacking 
1 - ,0% 2 8u cn training could onlv expect to 

lU i tT e °' ei 'P° w ered. 
lt,al 3 So with the development of the 
'■« nsl mind. The person fitting himself 
J , h , to grapple with the difficulties of 
and L» this life, draws out and develops 
( ' es&1 ;fymmetricallv each faculty of his 
U -J mmd as well as his body.' Neither 
m3p time less important in this case. 
• p a nt after putting his mind to drill 
an ascending grade of difficult 
>ut 'themes of study and keeping it there 
no Untl1 he luis developed the mental 
rea Q a cumen and power desired, he too 
>arDecjcomes forth as sure to excel those of 
■"^nferior training as the Giant is cer- 
so tn^ am of his eclipsing the Pigmy— al- 
inwl 'though in rare instances there may 
01 Hl V a " |>avi«l and Goliath." 

!in on 

e inti 
>f t 
>re liki 

,ve can 
is eda 

ii mind 

•ee's ii 

e mad 

i lea vi 
V in 

The great secret of mental educa- 
tion is not, as too many suppose, the 
storing of the mind, but the making 
, of it. It matters not then upon 
what studies the mind is put to drill ; 
whether upon the studies of a regu- 
lar course, or by thoughtful experi- 
ence in every-day life^; only that it 
is taxed in an advance to do its best. 
The greater the variety of exercise, 
the more attractive and' constant will 
be the application. ** It is the spon- 
taneous effort of the mind, not its 
forced labor, that yields the best re- 

The college course, with its vari- 
ous branches so arranged as to be in- 
teresting and gradually increasing in 
difficulty, until the mind led to 
master each in turn is eventually 
brought to bear upon the profound- 
est of recorded thoughts, to ponder 
them with ease and pleasure, thus 
receiving an impetus to deeper 
thought, to higher life and greater 
usefulness — such a course is speci- 
ally adapted to the development of 
the mind. Those who properly avail 
themselves of so thorough and sys- 
tematic a discipline, will be ready 
for every emergency, with intellect 
and body thoroughly trained and 
under subjection to the will, incited 
by noble and lofty purpose ; in har- 
mony with their Creator, will ac- j 
complish a work that will result in 
the amelioration of the race and re- | 
dound to the honor and glory of God. j 

But not all those who pass over a i 
college course, are thus equipped, j 
The work must be done ; application 
to intense, concentrated and unre- 
lenting study. Thinking is what 
we need. He who depends on the 
college to give him the necessary 
qualification, finds that at the end 
of his course that his time has been 
hopelessly and irretrievably lost. 

The ultimate object of all disci- 
plinary training, is not to amass 
knowledge, but to enlarge and 
sharpen the intellectual powers of 
those who amass it. The criterion 
for man to-day is not how much he 
knows, but how much he is. 

We have now arrived upon the 
COrreel idea of education. It is not 
to hold the diploma : not primarily 
to increase what we know; but, 
whether by means of a college course 
or without, by that severe and in- 
tense mental exercise, to bring forth 
and develop those faculties with 
which nature lias endowed us. 

In beginning tins severe discipline 
we are confronted by a hill whose 
crags seem insurmountable. As 
Milton said, " A hill laborious and 
rugged in its first ascent, hut else so 
smooth, so green, so full of goodly 
prospects and melodious sounds on 
every side, that the harp of Orpheus 
were not more charming." Scaling 
this hill we are unmindful of the 

difficulties and dangers passed over, 
exultant in the rapture of our sur- 
roundings. At each landing the 
view becomes more perfect, the at- 
mosphere much purer, till, were we 
able to reach the top, as Plato be- 
lieved, we would have passed from 
becoming to being and to a compre- 
hensive survey of all being. The 
mind would ha ve developed the fac- 
ulty of seeing the universal in all 
things ; until the particulars of sense 
drop away and the universal alone 

All things are parts of the great 
and "Eternal ONE ." All truths 
lead to that one great central truth, 
from which all things are. The 
higher our education bears us. the 
clearer this central truth appears. 
Milton has expressed it in the fol- 
lowing beautiful lines : 

"One almighty is from whom 
All things proceed, and up to him return, 
If not depraved from good, created all 
Such to perfection, one first matter nil, 
Endued with various forms, various de- 

Of substance, and in things that live, of 
life ; 

But more refined, more spirituous and 

As nearer to him placed, or nearer tend- 

Education enables us to see this 
unity of all things. " Miserable be- 
ings, who can look no further than 
the dial, not seeing the great works 
behind it ! " Happy those to whom 
" the heavens declare the glory of 
God, and the firmament sheweth his 
handwork ! " 

Plato and Quintilian both declared 
that no system of education is worthy 
of public patronage that does not 
make men better as well as wiser. 

The education of to-day considers 
morals of prime importance, and is 
most worthy of public patronage. 
If there is a, question that demands 
the attention of our government to- 
day, it is the one of education ; for 
in its solution will be found the 
solution of all others. It has brought 
us as a people to what we are, but as 
some one has truly said, "just in 
proportion to the freedom and energy 
with which the powers of the mind 
are developed, and in the philosoph- 
ical humility with which they are 
exercised, does a people advance in 
civilization." "J well instructed 
people alone can be a permanently 
free people" said Madison. 

The colleges of our country are 
exercising a grand influence to- 
wards this perfection and merit a 
liberal support. Their effect ap- 
pears throughout our realms ; and as 
a result the American people are 
evolving a finer race of men than 
the world has ever known. 

"Culture's hand 
Has scattered verdure o'er the land ; 
And smiles and fragrance rule serene, 
Where barren wild usurped the scene. 



And such is man — A soil which breeds 
Ov sweetest flowers, or vilest weeds ; 
Flowers lovely as the morning's light, 
Weeds deadly as the aconite ; 
Just as his heart is trained to bear 
The poisonous weed, orflowret fair." 

Would that the minds of all our 
people were trained to bear the 
11 fair flowret " instead of the poison- 
ous weed ! Education is what we 
need. Let our prayer be with Mil- 
ton : 

"What in me is dark, illumine ; 
What is low, raise and support." 

May our personal obligations and 
the coming destinies of this great 
people so arouse us to effort, that 
the flaming sword of the Cherubim 
may be again sheathed and man be 
permitted to re-enter the paradise of 

Golden Wedding. 

On Wednesday of last week, Pres- 
ident Bierman and wife attended 
the celebration of the Golden Wed- 
ding of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Isett, 
of Linfield, Montgomery county. Pa. 
Mr. Isett is an uncle of Mrs. Bier- 
man, and is seventy -nine years of age. 

All the living descendants, consist- 
ing of six children, five grand-chil- 
dren, and two great-grand-children 
were present. 

In the afternoon, after enjoying a 
bountiful feast, the friends present, 
with family, descendants and their 
families, assembled in the parlor of 
the old homestead, and an original 
poem, written for the occasion, was 
recited by Miss Ella S. Eisenberg, a 
grand-daughter ; another select poem 
was read by Mrs. Bierman, and in- 
teresting remarks made by President 
Bierman and the Rev. John Y. Eis- 
enberg. The event was one of un- 
usual interest to all present. 

The jEolian Quartet in Maryland. 

On Friday, January 23, the JSo- 
lian Quartet left for a trip to Mary- 
land. The object was to give a con- 
cert at Hagerstown, but through the 
kindness of Prof. C. F. Flook, the 
trip was extended to a number of 
other points in the State. 

We arrived at Hagerstown at 3:40 
p. m. This is a city of over 12,000 
inhabitants, and manifests an un- 
usual amount of activity and enter- 
prise. Large glass works, stocking 
factory, organ factory, bicycle fac- 
tory, etc., furnish employment for 
thousands of busy hands. Two 
Land Improvement Companies are 
giving the city a substantial boom. 
Five railroads arc centering there, 
and the sixth is almost completed. 
Fine public buildings adorn the city, 
and Potomac avenue and Prospect 
street, as well as other streets, are 

lined with handsome private resi- 
dences. The citizens are sociable in 
a high degree and full of public spirit 
and enterprise. 

Upon our arrival at Hagerstown, 
we were met by Prof. Flook, who 
took us to the Ladies' Seminary, (a 
most excellent idea, thought at least 
three-fourths of the quartet). Here 
we sang a number of songs to the 
ladies and faculty of the seminary, 
who in turn entertained us charm- 
ingly with recitations and songs de- 
lightfully rendered. After a half 
hour spent socially and pleasantly 
(the boys say the seminary girls are 
jolly), we were invited to supper, to 
which we did justice. In the even- 
ing we sang to a large and appreci- 
ative audience in the Academy of 
Music, the frequent applause indi- 
cating general satisfaction. 

Early on Saturday morning we 
were taken to Sharpsburg, to view 
the National Cemetery located there. 
Here lie the remains of thousands 
of the brave boys who gave their 
lives for the nation. This is a beau- 
tiful spot and is kept in excellent 
condition. Thence we went to 
Keedysville, and stopped at the 
Wyand House, for dinner. The 
proprietor of this house is brother 
D. H. Wyand, and a jollier, sun- 
shinier man it would be hard to find. 
He is a staunch Prohibitionist ; that 
may account for his cheerful dispo- 
sition. About twenty-five friends 
had assembled here, among whom 
were eight or nine former students; 
it seemed a sort of college reunion. 
A private concert was given. After a 
number of songs Mr. Wyand wanted 
u just one more " for an aunt who 
had just arrived; after that "just 
one more " for a sister-in-law who 
had just come in, etc. According to 
the number of songs Mr. W. wanted 
he must have a numerous connection. 
We secured a few Forum subscrib- 
ers, conversed with friends, and very 
reluctantly left at about two o'clock. 
We passed through Boonsboro, and 
went on to Midddletown, where we 
stopped for supper. While there we 
called on a number of persons whom 
we pleasantly remember. Among 
them is Mr. Roderick, editor of the 
Valley Register, and Mr. Routzan, 
cashier of the bank. Of course at 
both places we were asked to sing. 
Middletown is a place of only about 
eight hundred inhabitants, no rail- 
road, but manifests more enterprise 
than many towns of three times the 
population, supports a first-class 
weekly paper, a fine bank, one that 
pays good dividends, and other en- 
terprises that larger towns would be 
proud of. 

At about six o'clock we started 
for Myersville, the home of Prof. 
Flook, where we arrived at about 
eight o'clock. We had driven over 

thirty miles and were tired. Thi 
" boys " were glad to know that hen 
we were going to rest awhile. W( 
went to dreamland at about ten 
During the night a snow fell o 
nearly a foot. Next morning thi 
sun shone clear and bright, but ever] 
twig and branch was drooping i] 
graceful curve beneath a weight o 
glistening snow. We enjoj^ed th 
hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Flool 
until about one o'clock, when w 
started across South Mountain fo 
Hagerstown, a distance of fourteei 
miles, where we were to sing at foe 
o'clock in the Y. M. C. A. meetinj 

The trip across the mountain wa 
full of interest ; we passed throug 
drifts four to five feet deep. Tl 
trees were bending into the road b 
neath their load of pure white sno\t 
and on the mountain top the sigi 
was simply grand. I shall not a 
tempt a description. 

We arrived at Hagerstown at 3:4 
got thoroughly warmed and went 1 
the meeting of the Y. M. C. J 
About two hundred young men ha 
assembled, and an interesting mee 
ing was held. In the evening i 
attended St. Paul's U. B. Church, 
which Rev. J. T. Shaffer is paste 
He delivered an able address to t 
Senior class of the seminary, c 
Christian Evidences. After the s 
mon, we rendered a number of sacrt 

Early on Monday morning i 
wanted to start for home, but owiij 
to the snow storm of Sunday, trail 
were all late and we did not 
away before 10 o'clock or after, ai 
reached Annville, at 2:06 Mondi 
afternoon. On the whole the t: 
was very pleasant. We think 
succeeded in making friends for tl 
college, and were assured that oi 
return to Maryland would be hail 
with pleasure. The boys were espij 
ially pleased with our reception j 
Hagerstown Seminary, and want* 
to remain, but the second ten 
singer left his calculus behind ai 
without it he felt that much of 
joy of living is missed, so hewanw 
to get back. I forgot to say ti 
the Queen's subject sang the "Pun 
kin Pie " song with such good efH 
that a young lady presented to h| 
a mammoth pumpkin pie, which' 
disposed of very successfully, til 
proving his ability to appreciate i 
good things of life. One of the arnj 
ing things occurred on our 4 
from Keedysville to Middleto* 
Near the road by the side of a strej 
sat a number of odd looking du 
" Goliath " spied them first; suddei 
he cried out " My, see the Mosq 

But the trip is made and this 
scription must end somewhere, ^ 
I'll stop right here. 


















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aere, : 

Prayer for Colleges. 

The usual exercises of the College 
for the day were suspended on last 
Thursday morning for several hours, 
and members of the Faculty, stu- 
dents and friends assembled in the 
Chapel to engage in services appro- 
priate to the occasion. Among the 
visitors were Revs. Spayd and 
Mumma, Messrs. Samuel Graybill, 
Geo. W. Stein, Michael Seigrist, and 
Mrs. Bierman and Mrs. Stein. 

After the regular chapel services 
and a few introductory remarks by 
himself, President Bierman delivered 
the first address in which he gave 
five reasons " Why the Church 
Should Foster Education." From 
the nature of (1) God, (2) Mind, (3) 
Religion, (4) Gospel and (5) because 
of the duties which she directly or 
indirectlj 7 owes education. It was 
read from a paper which he had pre- 
pared and was forcible and purely 
logical throughout. 

This was followed with a duet by 
Miss Stefly and Mr. Evers; and a 
prayer by Prof. Gerberich, after 
which our pastor, Rev. Mr. Spayd, 
spoke on the subject, "Why Pray 
for Colleges." He reasoned as fol- 
lows: Because (1) of the essential 
concomitance of education and re- 
ligion ; the growth of the church is 
proportionate to the degree of edu- 
cation and enlightenment; the Col- 
leges (2) are character forming in- 
stitutions ; (3 ; need friends for their 
support; (4) need young people; (5) 
those within their halls need the 
prayers. The quartet then furnished 
a song, which was followed with 
prayer by Rev. Washinger, '91. 

Prof. Deaner gave the " History of 
Colleges." The line of thought 
briefly was as follows : The prime 
motive ot the Colonists was to es- 
tablish institutions ; necessary means 
found wanting in the very begin- 
ning ; aided by legislation ; benevo- 
lence characteristic of our colonial 
ancestors ; the privileges in the form 
of charters and ■ exemption from 
public duty, etc., given to institu- 
tions and faculties; our blessings 
due to colleges ; intelligence our 
greatest strength in late war ; col- 
leges never self supporting; their 
needs proportional to their influence. 

S. J. Eyers, '91, led in prayer. 
After a song by the audience, Rev. 
M. J. Mumma spoke on the " Neces- 
sity of Consecration." Education 
alone is not sufficient to elevate the 
race ; illustrated by an engine per- 
fect in its mechanism, but without 
one to control and diiect it skill- 
fully, it is dangerous or of no use 
whatever. Colleges look to their 
students and alumni for the proof 
and evidence of their usefulness. 
Closing with an exhortation to early 
Piety. After a prayer by G. K. 

Hartman, '93, the audience sang the 
Doxology and was dismissed. 

The services were enjoyed by all 
present, and no doubt much good 
will follow. As we sat listening to 
the inspiring exercises we felt that 
the people of our town cannot pos- 
sibly over-estimate the amount of 
good accomplished by this worthy 
institution. — Annville Journal. 


[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.l 

Mr. A. C. Rigler, '70, has been re- 
elected director of the Lebanon Man- 
ufacturing Company. 

President Bierman was in Reading 
on the 13th ult. on business. 

Miss Sheldon, in company with 
Miss Annie Gensemer, spent the first 
Sabbath of the month at the home of 
Miss Carrie Eby, at Newport. 

Rev. J. N. Von Neida conducted 
chapel services on the 2d inst. His 
many friends were delighted to see 

Prof. Deaner spent the last of Jan- 
uary in Philadelphia visiting Mrs. 
Deaner, who is in that city. 

Mr. D. W. Crider visited his son 
Horace, on the evening of the 27th 
ult., on his way home from Philadel- 

Rev. W. H. Washinger, '91, filled 
the pulpit for this class-brother, S. 
C. Enck, on January 25, and Mr. 
Wm. Artz assisted Rev. H. M. Miller 
on the same Sabbath. 

The funeral of Mrs. Weidman, 
mother of Mrs. A. L. Groff and Mrs. 
Millie Brightbill, was held in the 
New Lutheran Church on the 7th 
inst. The bereaved have our warm- 
est sympathies. 

The yEolian Quartette furnished 
the music at the Prohibition Meeting 
at Williamsport on the 3d and 4th inst. 


Miss Phoebe Cousins has been ap- 
pointed secretary of the Board of 
Lady Managers of the World's Fair, 
Chicago, at a salary of $2,000. 

The City Board of Education of 
Chicago on Dec. 23d unanimously 
voted down the proposition that ex- 
tracts from the Bible be read daily 
in the public schools. 

The Senior Class partook of a 
royal dinner the 29 ult. at the home 
of their class-sister, Miss Mary 

We acknowledge the receipt of 
Vick's Floral Guide for 1891. It ap- 
pears in royal apparel. It will be 
sent on receipt of ten cents, which 
amount will be deducted from first 
order. See advertisement 

The Mite Society of St. Paul's 
Lutheran Church held an " Apron 
Bazaar", on Monday P]vening, the 9 
inst. Refreshments were served in 
connection with the Bazaar. They 
had over one hundred aprons, from 
nearly all the States, and a few from 
foreign lands, on sale. They are 
the gifts of friends. The Bazaar was 
quite a success and shows what can 
be done by push and tact. 

The Teachers' Local Institute in 
North Annville on the last of Jan- 
uary was well attended, and of so 
great an interest that the teachers 
decided to hold another. 

It is announced that the King of 
Siam will send six youths to Penn- 
sylvania to be educated as physi- 

The late George Bancroft took up 
the study of Shakespeare when 
eighty-seven, and prosecuted his 
study with all the ardor of youth. 
His library is reputed to be the best 
private collection of books in the 
country, containing 12,000 volumes. 
Every book has a value apart from 
its selling price. They were closely 
packed in four rooms which com- 
prise Mr. Bancroft's literary work- 

On Thursday morning, 15th ult., 
Willie Cook, aged 15 years, visited 
the recitation rooms to collect alms 
for his mother, whom he said was a 
widow with five children, some of 
whom were sick with a fever. Not 
satisfied with the liberal response to 
this pitiful story, he stole Miss 
Myrtle E. Smith's gold watch from 
the music room. She had only left 
the room a few minutes. The loss 
was soon discovered. Two students 
volunteered to bring back the sus- 
pected thief. He was found coming- 
out of one of the confectionery shops 
where he had practiced the same de- 
ception he had at College. On his 
return to the College, President 
Bierman asked him if he was the boy 
who was here begging. After giving 
an affirmative response, the Presi- 
dent told him he wished to have the 
watch he stole. He immediately 
withdrew it from his side pocket, 
and plead for mercy. He was taken 
before the Justice and sent to jail. 
The authorities thought it only mercy 
to the boy to have him cared for by 
the county, whereby he might be re- 
claimed. He spent the money for 
tobacco at several stores, and was 
not from Lebanon as he purported 
to be. His story from beginning to 
end was a fabrication. 

The wife of Richard A. Proctor 
proposes to perpetuate the late As- 
tronomer's name by building an ob- 
servatory on Mission Heights, at 
San Diego, Cal., at a cost of $25,000, 
which Mrs. Proctor hopes to secure 
by lecturing 



The " College Quartet " furnished 
the music at the Teachers' Local In- 
stitute, at Mt. Pleasant, on the 15th 
ult. Professors Lehman and Deaner 
were present, and took an active 
part in the discussions. The music 
and assistance rendered by the Pro- 
fessors were highly appreciated by 
the institute. 

The last local institute for this 
year will be held in South Annville 
on the 10th inst., when the following 
subjects will be discussed : Practi- 
cal Education, The Study of Litera- 
ture, How Should Teachers Deal 
with Indolent Pupils, Language, 
Primary Arithmetic, Aim of Educa- 
tion, and the Relation of the Director 
to the Teacher. 

Mr. Samuel Cottrell, Jr., has re- 
ceived a clerkship in the War De- 
partment at Washington, D. C, at a 
salary of $900 a year. Mr. Cottrell 
:it the time of ins appointment was 
teaching in the public schools of this 
county. The appointment was strict- 
ly on merit of scholarship. Mr. 
Cottrell has spent several terms in 
College, and has been a constant 
attendant of the literary society of 
which he was a member. This con- 
firms the words of Webster, that 
there is always " room at the top of 
the ladder." 

Professor Harriet Cooke, Profes- 
sor of History in Cornell, is the first 
woman ever honored with the chair 
and equal pay with the men profes- 
sors. For twenty-three years she 
taught in Cornell. 

Mr. Edison announees that he has 
in process of invention something of 
"sentimental practicability" and that 
" it is no April fool joke." What 
can it be ? 

Europe is experiencing the longest 
period of cold weather since 1813. 
For seven weeks the cold has been 
intense and the country is wrapped 
in snow. — The Voice. 

Quite encouraging to our students 
anxiously awaiting an opportunity 
to enjoy skating. 

Alvan Clark is completing a lens 
for a Los Angeles observatory that 
will excel the Lick telescope. 
Through this glass the moon will 
look as if only 100 miles distant, 
and if there are an y cities or laro-e 
buildings on its surface their pres- 
ence will be revealed through its aid. 
The glass,it is thought,will also settle 
the question as to the supposed sig- 
nals of light which the inhabitants 
of Mars are understood to be mak- 
ing to the people of the earth.— Ex- 

It has lately been discovered that 
Cuba seems likely to crack in two. 
Numerous fissures in the earth have 
appeared, one of which is nearly 
eleven miles in length and t^eining|\ 

bottomless. They are supposed to 
be the result of earthquakes felt 
there not long ago. 

The Hagerstown Globe has the fol- 
lowing to say of our 'quartet, who 
filled an engagement in that place 
the 23d inst. : A large audience 
greeted the JKolian Quartet at the 
Academy of Music last night. The 
singing of the gentlemen gave proof 
of careful and cultured training. 
Their selections were good and suf- 
ficiently varied to maintain the inter- 
est of their audience. The applause 
given the several numbers was proof 
of the appreciation. 

It is now pretty well established 
that the famous Dr. Koch's con- 
sumption cure is not destined to 
prove so effective as at first antici- 
pated. However, through his experi- 
ments more light has been thrown 
upon the mysteries of that dreaded 

Humorous. — Mrs. A. — Does your 
husband believe in corporal punish- 
ment in the household ? 

Mrs. B. — Only to a certain point. 
He's always whipping the children, 
but he thinks the dust should be 
gotten out of the carpet by moral 

A clergy man recently aroused his 
sleepy congregation by asserting 
tbat " notwithstanding the hard 
times the wages of sin had not been 
cut down one iota." — The Holiday. 

Ambiguous — Slight of hand — Re- 
fusing a marriage proposal. 

Do not run in debt to the shoe- 
maker; it is unpleasant to be unable 
to say that your sole is your own. 

Eliza B. Burns, a leading advocate 
of spelling reform, has the following 
to say of our present method. Does 
not common sense bear her out in 
her assertions? " Those who think 
that our present outrageous spelling 
is a fixture, a sacred idol to be wor- 
shipt in spite of its hideousness, 
and that the dictionary is an auto- 
crat whose wright to implicit obedi- 
ence is not to be questioned by rea- 
son ar sadly mistaken. The spirit 
and tendency of this age is to inves- 
tigate causes of evil and to wright 
every wrong. The wrong done" to 
millions of helpless children and 
grown illiterates arid foreigners, 
every year, by the Juggernaut of 
English spelling, is incalculable." 

The Irish seem determined to 
stigmatize their cause by recognizino- 
almost unanimously Parnell as theh- 

_ Jf~Now is the time to subscribe 
for the Forum. Every friend of the 
College should exert' himself to se- 
cure jil leant, one subscriber for the 
new volume. ()„|y 26 cents a year. 

The Queen's Latest Offer. 

A Free Education or One Year's Travel in 

In The Queen's "Word Contest," which 
the publishers of that magazine an- 
nounce as the last one they will 
ever offer, a Free Education consist- 
ing of a Three Years' Course in any Ca- 
nadian or American Seminary or College, 
including all expenses, tuition and board, 
to be paid by the publishers of The Queen, 
or One Year Abroad, consisting of One 
Entire Year's Travel in Europe, all ex- 
penses to be paid, will be given to the 
person sending them the largest list of 
words made from the text which is an- 
nounced in the last issue of The Queen. 
A special deposit of $750 has been made 
in the Dominion Bank of Canada, to 
carry out this offer. Many other useful 
and valuable prizes will be awarded in 
order of merit. The publishers of The 
Queen have made their popular family 
magazine famous throughout both Can- 
ada and the United States by liberal prizes 
given in their previous competition, and 
as this will positively be the last- 
one offered, they intend to make it 
excel all others as regards the value of 
the prizes. Send six two cent U. S. 
stamps for copy of The Queen containiu 
the text, complete rules and list of prizes 
Address The Canadian Queen, Toronto, 

The Juniors Speak. 

On the evening of the 5th inst. the 
second division of Prof. Deaner'l 
rhetorical class gave a most unique 
entertainment. A very good audi- 
ence greeted them. For about a 
week the Society halls, chapel, etc., 
were resounding with the eloquence 
of these young orators. The quick 
step, the merry countenances, and 
the graceful mien were most notice- 
able. Ambrosial hair and white silk 
ties indicated that something out 
of the usual tenor of the way was to 
occur. When the large placard in 
the post-office was read, no explana- 
tion was necessary. It told that the 
juniors were to speak. Promptly at 7 
o'clock, the speakers with measured 
tread entered the chapel amid ap- 
plause, and took promiscuous seats J 
over one third of* the rostrum. After ', 
appropriate words of welcome thej 
following program was rendered: 

Piano Duet— "Symphony," Jleet/iovenM 

Misses Eby and .Mover. 

Invocation President E. Li. Bieuman! j 

Instrumental Solo—" Blmuenstuck,". . .Sltu» J 

man. . Miss Minnie Burtner. 

Oration— "Tli j Farmers' Alliance; A Facto* 

in Politics,"' \. Raymond Kreidek. ] 

Oration—" Bricks without Stiaw," 

Miss Carrie E. smith. 
Quartet— " My Home is on the Sea.' - HarllelU \ 


Oration— "T he Itccent Election," II. B. Boor. 
Essay— " Windows," Miss Anna Brightbill. 

Instrumental Solo -" Valse," Chopin. 

Miss Ki.viuk Stehman. 
Oration--" What is Lite,". . Jacob M. Hekk. 
Oration— "The Moon," Miss .1. E. Bice. 
Quartet— ' l Steal Away, Plantation Song." 

Eoi.ian Quartet 
Oration— " The Modern Hercules," 

•Iohn l>. I!k e 
Essa v- ••• Stepping stones,*' 


Vocal 801.0—" Barbara Pritelile," atointt^M 

Miss Carrie (.. Kuv. 
Oration - -•• Intellectual Education," 

I). Albert Kkeidki:. 
Quartet— -Mi l'se Tired," strong. ■■'] 

-Eon an Quartet, 

All n.oquittrd thoinsolves with 














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credit. The productions showed 
careful preparation, and were deliv- 
ered in a most earnest style. The 
music was especially good. The 
,-Kolian Quartet added new laurels 
to their already good reputation. 
The duet by the teachers of music 
was truly as its name indicated. 
Miss Eby's rendition of Barbara 
Fritchie was the delight of all. She 
never sang sweeter was the univer- 
sal verdict. 

Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

We are sorry not to have Miss 
Musser with us this term. She took 
an active interest in all society work. 

All the new ladies have joined our 
ranks. With a society that num- 
hers as many as ours does, ought 
we not do excellent work. 

The Misses Quigley, Wieman and 
Walmer, spent the 20th in Harris- 

Miss Backenstoe was obliged to 
remain at home for a short time to 
regain her former strength. 

Miss Lillie Shaffner is at home in 

Misses Sheldon and Gensamer ac- 
companied Miss Eby home on the 
30th of January, from Newport. 
Miss Gensamer will visit York, Pa. 

The Society have accepted the in- 
vitation to visit the Philokos- 
mian Society on the 13th. The 
ladies are always ready to visit the 
gentlemen's Society. 

Ealozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

Another month has passed and 
with it many pleasures and many 
difficulties which were only over- 
come by persistent study. 

Many difficulties which seem al- 
most insurmountable appear, and 
how often paths of escape are sought, 
but we must master as we advance 
and lay a broad foundation bo which 
to build our desire of success. It 
is only by persistent and manly 
effort that men have gained any de- 
gree of advancement in this age. 
Many men have lived, passed through 
life and died, comparatively un- 
known; the circumstances never 
came by which their power could be 
seen; they would have been distin- 
guished had opportunity been favor- 
able. We as students have many of 
the best opportunities which should 
be cultivated as they advance upon 
us. By exercising perseverance, 
patience and application we may ac- 
complish some noble enterprise. 

We were very agreeably surprised 
a few weeks ago to greet our friend 
and ex-member Mr. A. S. Myers, of 
Mountville, Pa. Albert is clerking 
in his lather's store at present. Al- 
though young, he has the qualities 
of being successful in life. 

The interest generally manifested 
in the gymnasium in the winter term 
is again being seen. A goodly num- 
ber of gentlemen having joined and 
are exercising their physical being 
along with the mental faculties. The 
ladies too have a regular time in 
which dumb bell drill is practiced. 
The rowing machine has been re- 
paired and the apparatus generally is 
good, and although by no means of a 
high order, is sufficient for bodily 

Prof. Deaner very kindly presented 
the Society with two full yearly 
numbers of the College Forum. 
Professor is constantly aiding help- 
ful enterprises, for these will add 
greatly to our Library. It is a great 
satisfaction to look back over the 
Society items of former years, and 
notice the Society proceedings which 
were published to a certain extent 
and laugh over the puns gotten off 
on the respective members. Many 
thanks indeed, Professor, for your 

The programmes have been varied 
lately. History, Literature, Science 
and various subjects have been dis- 

The debate, Resolved, that the 
works of Charles Dickens have ex- 
erted a wider influence than those 
of Harriet Beecher Stowe, was thor- 
oughly ventilated. The -negative, 
of course, had but one noted work 
upon which to base arguments, but 
much may be said upon this reputa- 
ble book — Uncle Tom's Cabin. An 
address on the Behring Sea contro- 
versy and a review of David Copper- 
field were especialfy interesting. 

The editor received lately an ex- 
cellent letter from Mr. D. N. Scott, 
of Seymoursville, West Va. He 
spoke of the importance of selecting 
a profession, and being determined 
upon that end. He gave this quo- 
tation : 

"The man who seeks one thing in life, 
and but one, 
May hope to achieve it before life be 
done ; 

But he who seeks all things where'er he 

Only reaps from the hopes which around 

him he sows — 
A harvest of barren regrets.' " 

Mr. H. B. Yohn and the Editor 
attended the Inauguration of Gov. 
Pattison at Harrisburg, January 20. 
Prof. Burtner of Seiler's Academy, 
Harrisburg, escorted us to the differ- 
ent places of interest. We felt dou- 
bly repaid for visiting Harrisburg at 
this important time. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

"Esse Quam ViderV 

The Society has entered upon an- 
other term with increased energy 
and zeal. The meetings are well at- 
tended. It is the desire of each one 
to gain as much knowledge and dis- 
cipline as possible. We recognize 
the importance of making use of 
every opportunity to develop the 
powers of mind which have been 
given us. Our object is to labor dili- 
gently and conscientiously so that 
we may realize that our existence is 
becoming purified and broadened and 
elevated. It is often said that " in 
union there is strength." This is true 
in a certain sense, but there is danger 
of abusing it and not using it. We 
often hear this expression used by 
organizations whose members are so 
few and weak that they can scarcely 
eke out an existence. There must 
must be life in every organization. 
If union means anything it means 
that those who are united are alive, 
not dead — active, not sluggish — 
free, not bound, standing together, 
working for one grand cause yet not 
afraid to have each member advocate 
his own views. 

The book reception held on Janu- 
ary 12 was a decided success. The 
J5olian Quartet furnished the music 
in their usually acceptable manner. 

Addresses were made by Presi- 
dent E. Benj. Bierman, Professors 
J. E. Lehman, A. H. Gerberich, H. 
Clay Deaner and Sheldon. President 
Bierman was one of the founders 
of the Society. His address was full 
of reminiscences, replete with practi- 
cal thoughts. 

Prof. J. E. Lehman spoke of the 
influence a good book exerts upon 
the life of the youth. He told of 
two characters whose lines were in- 
fluenced by their environments — the 
one leading an upright life, the other 
a low life. Prof. A. H. Gerberich 
was in usual happy mood. He spoke 
of the influence of libraries upon the 
student, statesman, scholar. He re- 
ferred to the noted libraries of the 
world. Took us to Rome and traced 
the libraries and their influence up to 
the present time. 

Prof. H. Clay Deaner spoke of 
the necessity of making choice of 
good literature. He showed us the 
result of novel reading — the many 
lives which are blighted. Miss Shel- 
don spoke of the necessity of sacri- 
ficing jewelry in order to purchase 
good books. We received quite a 
number of books. We return our 
sincere thanks to all donors. Let us 
hear from those who have not sent 
in their contributions. Money or 
books will be received at any time. 

Mr. Samuel Cottrell is now in 
Washington, D. C. He is a clerk in 



the War Department. Mr. Cottrell 
has been a faithful member of the 
Society for a number of years. We 
are sorry to lose him but trust he 
may be successful in his work and 
prove true to the motto he quoted so 
often. We acknowledge the receipt 
of a letter from Mr. Cottrell. He 
sends greetings to the society. 

H. W. Harnish is now at Wall, Pa. 
He is ticket agent at that place. Mr. 
Harnish sent us a spiny letter some 
time ago, and several subscriptions 
for the Forum. Let others do like- 

Preparations arc being made for 

The meeting held at Rocherty by 
Rev. H. M. Miller resulted in about 
forty conversions. 

Quite a number assembled in the 
College Chapel on the eve of the 26th 
ult. to hear a A. Miner Griswold de- 
liver his illustrated humorous lecture 
entitled " Tour Round the World." 
The lecture gave general satisfaction. 

The next lecture of the course will 
be delivered by Rev. G. M. Klepfer, 
February 26. The subject will be 
"A Family Quarrel and What Came 
of It." 

Prof A. H. Gerberich delivered 
the address before Camp 302 P. O. 
S. of A. of Union Deposit, on the 
13th ult. He also delivered an ad- 
dress at the Union Temperance 
meeting held in Hummelstown, on 
the llth ult. 

The Clionian Literary Society has 
accepted an invitation to be present 
on Friday, February 13th. 

The following program will be ren- 
dered : 

Dkisatb— Mesolved, That more benefit is de- 
rived from the study of Art thai) from the 
study of Music. 

Address — Co-education. 

ins m ss£ON— Is the awarding of honors pro- 
ductive of good. 

Okation— The Study of English Literature. 

H. N. Roop. 

IIkcitation— The Cow and the Bishop. 

Address— H istory. 

Address— The Ideal Teacher. 
The program will be interspersed with 

choice music. 

W. H. Ricker has secured a posi- 
tion in the drug store in Harrisburg, 
corner 13th and Market streets. The 
best wishes of the society go with 

Messrs. Irvin Ricker of Philadel- 
phia and Oscar Vonneida of Ephrata 
paid us a pleasant visit on the 16th 
ult. Mr. Ricker graduated at Palm's 
Business College recently, and has 
secured a position as book-keeper for 
a Philadelphia firm. 


The Forum, "The Foremost Periodi- 
cal for Thoughtful Readers." Its range 
is fairly indicated by the following Table 
of Contents of the February Number : 

The Vanishing Surplus. Senator 
John G. Carlisle. The very large ap- 
proaching deficit of the national treasury; 
how the surplus has been wasted, and the 
necessary increase of taxation ; the rate 
of national expenditure per capita and its 
increase in peace over the rate in war. 

Formative Influences. Prof. B. L. 
Gildersleeve, of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. An autobiographical essay giv- 
ing reminiscences of the old Southern 
life ; the ninth of this series, following 
similar papers by Prof. John Tyndall, W. 
E. H. Lecky, Freddie Harrison, Arch- 
deacon Farrar, President Dwight, Prof. 
A. P. Peabody and others. 

The Next Step in Education. Presi- 
dent C. K. Adams, of Cornell. A plan 
to make real universities of our larger 
colleges and better colleges of the smaller 
ones ; a plea for such a separation. 

Was the Emin Expedition Pirati- 
cal? E. L. Godkin. Why Stanley's ex- 
pedition was clearly illegal ; how Africa 
is regarded as fit spoil for extra-legal ex- 
peditions ; the damage they do to civili- 

The Physical Basis op Mind. Dr. 
Henry Maudsley. The physical machin- 
ery of the mind and its bearing on reason 
and faith. 

Bowdlerized Biography. Walter 
Lewin. A plea for truth in biography ; 
conspicuous instances of false biography; 
a literary disease. 

As the Chinese See Us. President 
W. A. P. Martin, an American long resi- 
dent in China. A study of western life 
from the Chinese point of view. 

The Farmer's Changed Condition. 
Prof. Rodney Welch, of Chicago. The 
change from a country gentleman to a 
peasant ; the deserted farms in the West; 
remedies proposed. 

The Government and the Indians. 
Hiram Price. A criticism of our Indian 
policy and of its administration. 

The Four Modes op Life. Major 
J. W. Powell. Wherein the modes of ev- 
olution of plant-life, of animal-life, of 
mind, and of society differ ; evolution in 
these modes has not been identical, as evo- 
lutionists assume; a criticism of the evo- 

Political Progress in Japan. Rev. 
Dr. W. E. Griffis. An explanation of the 
first general election in the empire. 

Among the features of The Forum 
for 1891 will be : Results of the Census. 
A series of articles by Gen. Francis A. 
Walker ; Results of the Latest Research 
and of the most recent Achievements in 
all important lines of work, in Science 
and in Industry, by specialists ; Political 
Discussions, by the leaders of opinions in 
the United States, and by foreign states- j 
men ; Shibboleths of the Time, a series 
of critical examinations of popular opin- 
ions, W. S. Lilly, the British essayist ; 
Autobiographical essay, a series to which 
some of the most noted men of the time, 
American and British, have already con- 
tributed ; Discussions of Social and Re- 
ligious Problems in the United States ; 
Literary Articles, discussing the tenden- 

cies of literary work along all directions 
of activity, by the formost critical writers 
Some curious, interesting, and hitherto 
unpublished Letters of Charles and 
Mary Lamb cover the first sixteen pages 
of the Atlantic Monthly for February 
One most characteristic note of condo- 
lence, written by Lamb to Thomas Hood 
on the death of his child, after many ex- 
pressions of grief, ends with the extraor- 
dinary sentence, "I have won sexpence 
of Moxom by the sex of the dear gone 
one." Professor Royce's second "Phil- 
osopher of the Paradoxical " is Schopen- 
hauer. Mr. Percival Lowell's "Noto" 
is continued. There are several striking 
descriptions of scenery in the paper, es- 
pecially Mr. Lowell's first glimpse of 
Noto, on the Arayama Pass. Alice Morse 
Earle has a paper on ' ' The New England 
Meeting-House. " Mr. Alpheus Hyatt 
writes on ' ' The Next Stage in the Devel- 
opment of Public Parks," in which he 
advocates the allowance of space for a 
collection of living animals grouped for 
the use of the student. Frank Gaylord 
Cook contributes a paper on "John Rut- 
ledge." William Everett has an article 
on the French Spoliation Claims, and 
Theodore Roosevelt, is ' ' An Object Les- 
son in Civil Service Reform." Mr. Stock- 
ton's serial, "The House of Martha," is 
as amusing as ever. Reviews of Sir Wal- 
ter Scott's Journal and of Adams's Life 
of Richard H. Dana complete a cleverly 
arranged number. 

THE ■ 


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Lebanon Valley College 

iking ^OL. IV. No. 3. 


le of 

■ laii( l FACULTY. 

[yattj^ benj. Bibkman, A. M.. President. 

evel- 1 Clay deaner, a. M., Professor of Latin. 

, u " e I. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 

or a lw. w. S. Ebeksole, a. M., Professor ot Greek. 

i °j r KV - J - T - Sfanql 1£r, A. B., de Facto, 
fiord Professor of Greek. 

Rut- i. H. Gkrberioh, B. S., Professor of Science, 
•tide iiss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

and Professor of English Language. 

Les- * ISS Carrie G. Eby, 

;ock- L Professor of Piano and Voice. 

. , j~ Iiss Ella Mover, Professor of Harmony. 
Wal- * 188 F ' Adelaidb Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

verlv llioniah Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 

'liilokosmian Soc'y— Key. W. H. Washingkr. 
lalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 


t. Clav Deaner. 

j All communications or Items of news 
lould be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
ts should he sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FOKUM will be sent 
lonthly for one school year on receipt of 
renty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
iiy time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
ublishing Agent. 

nterert at the Post Office at Annville Pa. 
as second-class mail matter. 


During the past month the mem- 


" AS- 
>f the 

an oi 
tits in 
sa the 
a ring 


aeon m ' s of the Senior Class have been 
mted Pertaining the students in a way 
panyf tirel y different from that of any 
ther heretofore practiced in Leb- 
t. ion Valley Collge. Instead of giving 
Ipublic entertainment on the even- 
in ' a ^fg °f the Second Tuesday of Jan- 
uary, as had been previously arrang- 
A :1 ' Mr. Wm. H. Washinger deliv- 
ered an excellent oration on "The 
\^|ublic School System," on the 
<*/ lorn ing of February 10th, immedi- 
My after public worship. Miss Lil- 
M. Quigley followed the next 
-j^orning with a chastely written 
say on " The Example of Ruth." 
Samuel J. Evers delivered an 
K roceii 0( l uen t address on - The Elements 
l^tM Success," on the following Thurs- 

but se» 

V 7 morning, and quite a pointed 
was read 011 •' Yes or No," by 
■ N- y - is Ella N. Saylor, on Friday 


Whole No. 39. 

morning. Then in turn came a well 
prepared address on " Astronomy," 
by Mr. John W. Owen, and a choice- 
ly worded and incisive essay on 
"Intentions and Results," by Miss 
Mary M. Shenk. Mr. S. C. Enck 
read an entertaining eulogium 
on « Schuyler Colfax," and Mr. 
Grant L. Schaeffer forcibly address- 
ed the students on " An Arraign- 
ment." This departure from the 
usual routine was evidently enjoyed 
by all. 

The young man, 18 years old, of 
Manchester, N. H., who recently be- 
came violently insane trom an over- 
indulgence in reading dime novels, 
should cause parents to have a most 
vigilant oversight over the kind of 
books their children read. The 
oversight should not stop with 
simply an oversight, but they should 
secure the kind of literature for their 
children that will cultivate a taste 
for ennobling reading. Parents, in 
a great measure, have it within their 
own hands whether their children 
will become readers of sensational 
stories or not. Place within their 
hands at an early age what you wish 
them to become ; encourage them to 
read only standard works, and they 
will despise the " trashy stuff " which 
does so much to-day towards making 
our boys and girls dissatisfied with 
home, and to get them away from 
its restraints. The first book that 
gets into the hands of a child may 
form its future destiny. Don't be 
anxious of your child's well-being 
when it has committed some crime. 
Let it be before; then the anxiety 
will not bring jour gray hairs with 
sorrow to the grave. Books will 
save, or enslave. Which ? 

For twenty-three years " The 
Household " has been a welcome 
visitor in hundreds of thousands of 

American homes, and has been, dur- 
ing these years, the companion and 
help of the American housewife. 

In order that the brides of the 
country may have the benefit of the 
visits of this, the oldest household 
publication in the country, the pub- 
lishers offer to send " The House- 
hold " to all brides of six months or 
less, who will, themselves, or their 
friends, send ten two-cent stamps 
with printed notice of their marriage 
in the same letter. 

This is a very tempting offer, and 
they call it their « Wedding Pres- 
ent," which they otter to every 
bride in the United States on the 
above terms. 

" Manners maketh man ; the want 
of them the fellow." To be well- 
informed, and yet be lacking in good 
manners, is a serious hinderance to 
one's usefulness and social position. 
Many a person failed because he 
lacked in well-defined regulations of 
society. Book-knowledge alone will 
not qualify for life. The conven- 
tionalities of society must be rigidly 
observed if you will be a power in 
the world. Unite politeness with 
trained habits of thought, and you 
will win favor and distinction. 

The prospects for our Spring for- 
mal are very good. On another page 
will be found full particulars of the 
work to be done. The Normal Class 
will be organized on April 6, and 
continued ten weeks. Normal work 
at the College has always been pro- 
ductive of good results. Let none 
fail to attend who contemplate teach- 

"College Day" will soon greet us. 
Let it be observed at all appoint- 
ments in the patronizing conferen- 
ces. A suitable observance will bless 
the church. We would like it to be 



a day of rejoicing. The April Forum 
will have a programme, and suitable 
suggestions for its observance. Be- 
sides, it will contain special articles 
apropos to " College Da}'." 

The revival in our church here 
continues with renewed interest. 
There have been one hundred and 
twelve conversions, many of whom 
are heads of families. Never has 
there been such a unanimity of 
feeling in church work, as at present. 

Growth is man's greatest capa- 
bility. He has the power within him 
to develop what powers he possesses. 
How precious is our trust ! What, 
if we be unprofitable servants. 

The Winter Term of the College 
opens on the 30th inst. Scores of 
young people all over the church 
should enter, and would if there 
were some one only to advise them. 

Normal Instruction in Lebanon 
Yalley College. 

Lebanon Valley College has, as 
usual heretofore, made all the neces- 
sary arrangements to furnish supe- 
rior advantages to teachers and 
those preparing for the profession 
of teaching during the coming Spring 

These advantages will consist of 
instruction in all the branches named 
on the Teachers' Certificate by skill- 
ful teachers, and lectures on Methods 
of Teaching, The Organization of a 
School, Classification, The Art of 
Questioning, etc., etc., by Co. Supt. 
J. W. Snoke, Hon. Henry Houck, 
Dep. State Supt. of Public Schools, 
and others eminent in the profession. 


The Class will be organized on 
Monday morning, April 6. 1891, at 
10 o'clock, and will continue in ses- 
sion for ten successive weeks. 


The chief aim of those having this 
work in hand will be two-fold ; first, 
to prepare the teacher to pass a 
creditable examination, and secondly 
and more especially, to fit him to do 
efficient and successful work in the 


Regular Tuition for Ten Weeks, §8.00 

Each additional branch not named 

on the Teacher's Certificate, 1.00 

Boarding (Five days a week), 2.75 


A vocal class will be organized 
and the elements of music taught. 
A class beginning in Latin will also 
be organized. 


United States History, Anderson or Barnes 
Physical and Descriptive Geography, 

Mitchell or Harper 

English Grammar, Raub 

Reading, Appleton 

Orthography, HavJ) 

Physiology. Steele or Walker 

Mental and Written Arithmetic, . .Brooks 
Theory of Teaching, Baub 


The Normal Student will here 
have all the advantages connected 
with a well-equipped College, viz. : 
Library, Museum, Reacling-Room, 
Gymnasium and Literary Societies ; 
and being surrounded by the atmos- 
phere of college influences he cannot 
fail to have his scope of vision 
widened and his zeal for higher at- 
tainments in knowledge quickened. 


Trains from the East stop at 
Annville at 8:32 and 11:06 a. m., 
and 2:32 and 5:24 p. m., and from 
the West at 8:38 and 10:18 a. m., 
and 2:06 and 4:28 p. m. 

For further information apply to 
E. Benj. Bierman, A. M., 
President of the College. 

State University. 

Speaking of the state universit} r as 
a teacher of the science of govern- 
ment, Prof. George E. Howard says, 
in the March " Atlantic :" — 

But in no way does the. state uni- 
versity discharge her public trust 
more faithfully than in the study of 
those questions which directly con- 
cern the life and structure of our 
social organization. Administration, 
finance, constitutional histor}^, con- 
stitutional law, comparative politics, 
railroad problems, corporations, for- 
estry, charities, statistics, political 
economy, — a crowd of topics, man} 7 
of which, a few years ago, were un- 
heard of in the schools, are being 
subjected to scientific treatment. 
Unless I greatly misapprehend the 
nature of the crisis which our nation 
has reached, it is in the absolute 
necessity of providing the means of 
instruction in these branches that we 
may find a very strong, if not un- 
answerable, argument in favor of the 
public support of higher education. 
The bare statement of several well- 
known facts will enable us to under- 
stand the crisis of which I speak. 

We have fairly entered upon the 
third great phase of our national 
development. The first phase closed 
with the Revolutionary War and the 
birth of the nation. The second was 
the creation and settlement of the 
Constitution, terminating with the 
civil war and the reestablishment of 
self-government in the South. During 
this period our material resources 
were explored, population and wealth 
increased, and society became com- 
plex. We now find ourselves face to 
face with the momentous and dif- 
ficult questions of administration. 

Henceforth the. State must concern! 
herself with the economies of gov. 
ernment and with the pathology of ki 
the social organism. The fact is se 
that in the science of administration- 
municipal, state, or central, we are 111 
as a nation notoriously ignorant, th 
Beguiled by the abundance of our ar 
resources, we have allowed ourselves a ' 
to become awkward and wasteful in It 
nearly every depai'tment. But the tei 
growing discontent and misery of P a 
the people admonish us that the J° 
time for reform has come. Here ^ 
after taxation and finance, the tarifl un 
and corporations, labor and capital a 
social evils and the civil service, stl 
must absorb the attention of states- e ^ 
men. Now, all these things are pre tn( 
cisely the problems which can he nu 
solved successfully only by special y° 
ists. No amQunt of experience oi Dr « 
general information will enable the ml 
legislator who does not know how tt COi 
gather and classify social and eco in t 
nomic facts, or at least who does no <3 U 
comprehend the nature of the evi do 
dence afforded by such facts, t( 
frame wise or even safe laws on thest rec 
subjects. In future, only men care tin 
fully trained in the schools cai fal; 
safely be placed at the head of stab cei 
departments. Yet as a matter o tuI 
fact the ignorance of the averagt en( 
American law-maker in statistical no 
administrative, economic, and politi ser 
cal science is incredibly profound est - 
How really formidable is the dangei on< 
which threatens us on account o an J 
unskillful tinkering with the delicat at 
mechanism of society we cannot fai ^ 
in some measure to appreciate whei ma 
we reflect that the biennial volume c J 
legislative enactments is constant! 
being enlarged; while at the sain taiJ 
time a greater and greater portion c °* 
such enactments relates to what ha 18 * 
hitherto been regarded as the prope °* 
sphere of individual liberty, to th *° 
most complex interests of coo tel l 
merce and other industries. TJi sc , h 
doubtedly there is a growing tei Wlt 
dency, for good or ill, to extend th w ? 
domain of state interference and ret Wlt 
ulation. The State, therefore, b» has 
urgent need of citizens careful! me 
trained in the science of politics. i || es 
she be justified in the maintenanc Has 
of common schools, in order tb abc 
every man may be fitted for the I t0 
telligent use of the ballot, she is al« 3 7 oi 
justified in the support of high' y° l 
education, for her very existent pat 
may depend upon it. This ntf bec 
prove to be the safeguard of our p ar e 
public. Indeed, it would seem t| can 
the statesmanship of the future m' ivo 
proceed from the school of politu era 
science. To study society itself, Hu 
afford the most ample means for f m a 
acquirement of a thoroughly scie say 
titic political education in every <j In 
partment, is the primary duty, y- ors 
highest office, of the state universit; mu 

ncern x 
' gov. Rot 



"For a' That and a* That." 

Robert Burns, the poet of the field, 
knew nature. He saw, and with his 
seeing he did more — he observed. 

He did not look at the outward of 
man, but looked upon the mind and 
the heart. If the mind and heart 
are right, what matters it if there is 
a hole in the elbow of the faded coat. 
It is brain that becomes the final 
test, and not the polished shirt and 
patent leather shoes. Yonder is a 
young man, poor without doubt, but 
let me ask you, what does he carry 
under that faded hat ? A brain, and 
a good one too. He is one of my 
students. There is a patch upon his 
elbow. That patch was put there by 
the kindest and most loving of 
mothers. Don't you laugh at it ; if 
you do laugh, let me tell you, your 
brain needs a big patch. But never 
mind the elbow. That threadbare 
coat covers a pair of shoulders will- 
ing to do and dare in order to ac- 
quire that one great treasure — wis- 

Look at my class-book ; see his 
record; from one day to the other, 
through the whole year he never 
falls below this average of 98 per 
cent. He never shirks. He works 
diligently and honestly, and in the 
end carries off the prize. There is 
no question asked whether he de- 
serves the prize. He takes it hon- 
estly. He has earned it, and every- 
one knows it. Why? Why! Ask 
anyone in the town who knows him 
at all. This will be your answer, 
" He is poor, but honest." " He's a 
man for a' that and a' that." 

He saw the goal. He reached it. 
He has known of no such thing as 
failure, nor will he ever again think 
•tion i P f suc h a n absurdity. Failure ! It 
hat ha is tne weak who fail. Upon the door 
of his mind he tacked the letter V. 
You know what it means when I 
tell you that on the last day of his 
school life he address the audience 
with a tender "Farewell." The 
world is a great school. It is filled 
with all kinds of scholars. Each 
has his particular place. I do hot 
mean to say that everyone is pre- 
destined to fill that one place. Each 

>gv of 
ict is 
r e are 
>f out 
iful in 
it thei 
>ry of 
t the 
re pre 
an he 
ace 01 
le the| 
how tc 
d eco 
)es no' 
le evi 
jts, t( 
l thesi 
i care 
s cai 
f stati 
,ter o: 
lan get 
unt 4 
lot fai 
e whe: 
e sail 

to tb 
f coo 
5. TJi 
ig tei 
end tlf 
iiid re£ 
re, ba 


tenant has his opportunities to rise higher 

above the common place bequeathed 
to him by his ancestors. Because 
your father was a shoemaker, must 
you too drive pegs and sew on 
patches? Do you follow the plow 
because your father was a farmer, or 
are you a farmer from choice ? Be- 
cause my father drove an ore-team 
from 5 a. m., to 10 p. m., must I too 
crack the whip over the backs of 
mules. " A man is what his mother 
makes him." Very true, but let me 
say, a man is what he chooses to be. 
In the scramble for the highest hon- 
ity, ^ ors ' some must be disappointed. But 
versit. must you then sit down and cry 

er tbt 
the i' 
i is al& 
is m»: 
our * 
sm t!0 
re mu 1 
tself, 1 
for tt 
y sci« ! 


about it ? Must you " lie supinely " 
on your back and kick because a 
smarter man has stepped in ahead of 
you? Get up; press forward and 
you will certainly reach the top. If 
first you fall down in your ascent, go 
on and the next time you will be 
able to take two steps before you 
fall. So on to the top. Do not stop 
for any hindrance. But press on 
" for a'that and a'that." 

Don Quixote, Jr. 

Musical World. 

A great deal passes for music that 
is not music at all, in a true sense. 
Persons of real culture and ac- 
quainted with the great tone-poems 
not infrequently insist upon consid- 
ering the Anglican and, worse still, 
the Gregorian chant as music ; while 
the truth is that even the four-line 
hymn-tune, although a decided ad- 
vance upon the chant, can lay no 
claim to a standing as music, except 
in very rare instances. 

Musical sounds bear the same re- 
lation to music that the alphabet 
does to poetry, and the simple com- 
binations of musical sounds just 
mentioned are as remote from music 
as are mere words from rhetoric. 

Music divides naturally into two 
great subdivisions : Instrumental and 
Vocal. Instrumental music is that 
in which the sensuous charm of mere 
musical sounds suitably displayed, 
or the forms and arrangements of 
such sounds, are alone relied upon 
to produce the effect. Vocal music 
is or should be that in which the 
meaning of words is emphasized, 
illustrated or interpreted by appro- 
priate accompanying musical struc- 
tures. The influence of music is not 
easy to analyze. It seems to depend 
upon certain correspondences be- 
tween its elements and some mental 
faculties and vital processes. We 
live in periods, throbs, and pulse- 
beats, and the corresponding ele- 
ment of music — rhythm — is the one 
most generally appreciated. 

To appreciate the other elements 
of music, one must possess the 
faculty of tune, which seems to be 
in natural relation with the emo- 
tions. When it is large and active, 
one derives intense pleasure from 
following and analyzing a flow of 
melody, a process which, in its full 
play, holds the attention and arrests 
the activity of other voluntary pow- 
ers, and thus does more than almost 
any influence, except sleep, to quiet 
the tired brain. Pushed a little fur- 
ther, it will, in my own case, and I 
presume in the cases of others, cause 
tears, regardless of the sentiment of 
the words sung, or the character of 
the ideas present in the mind. I 
have known sensitive natures to be 
thrown into an almost frantic state, 

expressing itself in looks, words and 
actions, simply by a false intonation 
occurring in an otherwise delightful 
rendition of some great musical com- 
position. — Hanchet. 

Americans are a patriotic people 
in all things except in music. In 
this we are too much inclined to look 
to the old country. Dr. H. R. Pal- 
mer spoke truly when he said : " It 
is safe to look to this country for 
great things in music. We ahead} 7, 
excel Europe in all matters of in- 
vention, and it is only a question of 
time when our inventiveness will be 
employed along artistic lines. Even 
in German} 7 there is nothing like our 
popular dissemination of musical 
culture. In this country there is no 
considerable town that can not pro- 
duce a mixed chorus of three or four 
hundred of both sexes who can read 
music at sight. Theo. Kullak, the 
great Berlin teacher, once said to 
one of Wm. Mason's pupils that 
Americans leave no deficiencies for 
foreign masters to supply." 

Three elements may be distin- 
guished in music — the emotional, 
the imaginative and the fanciful. 
The first is pre-eminently human, 
expressive of our relations to God 
and men; the second is descriptive, 
yet not of things, i. e., objects of 
nature and art, but of the impres- 
sion we receive from them ; the last 
of the three is best characterized by 
the definition which Leigh Hunt 
gives of fancy; it is : " The younger 
sister of imagination, without the 
other's weight of thought and feel- 
ing." — Niecks. 

Mme. Patti has made a tour of 
England and Scotland during the 
month of November, and afterward 
gave a series of concerts at Nice. 
It is said that Mme. Patti will revisit 
this country in about two years. 

The musical library of the late 
Karl Merz has been secured for 
Pittsburgh, Mr. Andrew Carnegie 
guaranteeing the balance required to 
make up the sum of $2000. 

The Boston Symphony Orchestra's 
tenth season in Boston began on 
October 10th, with a public rehearsal. 
The first of twenty-four concerts oc- 
curred on October l?th,and the last 
will be given on April 25th. Mr. 
Arthur Nikisch is the conductor. 

Academy of Fine Arts. 

Thursda} 7 , March 5, was a red let- 
ter day for some of the art students, 
it being the day set for the long talk- 
ed of trip to Philadelphia, to view 
the exhibition at the Pennsylvania 
Academy of Fine Arts, which closed 
on Saturday. A party of seven, 
Misses Shenk, Steffey, Seabold and 
Coombs, accompanied by Misses 
Sherrick, Eby and Sheldon, left 
Annville at 6:58 a. m. They were 



joined at Lebanon by Misses Mary 
and Katie Euston, and later in the 
day by Miss Uhrich, of Myerstown. 
At the station in Philadelphia, they 
divided — the shoppers were drawn in 
the direction of Wanamaker's, while 
the sight seeing and picture-hunting 
portion wended their way toward 
the old State House, to view the 
relics and the ever interesting In- 
dependence Bell. A visit to Earle's 
Gallery was full of interest. Be- 
sides the many fine pictures al- 
ways to be seen, there was a special 
exhibit of beautiful water colors, by 
William Hamilton Gibson. R. W. 
Van Boskerck also showed a few fine 
landscapes, some of his recent work 
in England. A brief stop at Bailey, 
Banks & Biddle's and the party met 
at Wanamaker's for lunch, after 
which, through the kindness of Ed- 
win S. Eby, an inside view of the 
College of Pharmacy was given. 

The Spring Exhibition at the 
Academy next claimed attention. 
This was so large that it overflowed 
its regular limits. The water color 
and etching exhibit occupied the 
corridor and was unusually good. 
Among the contributors were Birge 
Harrison, Stephen J. Ferris, Charles 
E. Dana and Rhoda Holmes Nicholls. 
A portrait in pastel by Cecelia 
Beaux earned for her the Mary 
Smith prize of $100. The place of 
honor was given to the poi'traits of 
Mrs. E. L. Davis and son, try John S. 
Sargent, and near at hand hung one 
of Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, by the late 
Frank Holl. These were not enter- 
ed for competition. Of the Charles 
Toppan prizes of two and one hun- 
dred dollars, given to Academy stu- 
dents, Elizabeth H. Thomas earned 
the first by her study of a head. 
Albert J. Adolph the second, also 
by a portrait study. The Temple 
gold medal went to Abbott H. Thayer 
for his " Winged Figure." Beside 
it hung " Brother and Sister," in 
which the likeness of the " Sister" 
to the " Winged Figure " was dis- 
tinctly traced. The Temple silver 
medal was given to Kenyon Cox for 
his portrait of a young lady. Among 
his other work was a large decora- 
tive study of "Painting and Poetry," 
and the original of his very attract- 
ive portrait of the sculptor Augus- 
tus St. Gauclens at work in his stu- 
dio, which appeared in a recent num- 
ber of the Century. One recognized 
another favorite in Will H. Low's 
"The Portrait " among his group of 
well-painted pictures. But the prize 
pictures held really a small part of 
the interest of most spectators. 
"Breaking Home Ties," by Thomas 
Hovenden, kindled a feeling of sym- 
pathy in the heart for the boy part- 
ing for the first time from his mother 
and home. A charming little study 
of "Peonies" by the same hand hung 

near. One could almost hear the 
sturdy peasant girls " Hailing the 
Ferry," in Ridgway Knight's pic- 
ture of that name, which is to be 
added to the permanent collection 
of the Academy, as is also Charles 
H. Davis' "The Brook — an Evening 
Effect," which pleased all by its soft 
beauty. This artist sent several 
other good landscapes. 

W. L. Dodge had a number of 
strongly painted subjects ; of most 
general interest was his " Minne- 
haha." Thos. Eakins exhibited a 
group of portraits, among them, 
"An Engineer," Prof. William D. 
Marks and "A Poet,"Walt Whitman. 
"An Afternoon," by Fred J. Waugh, 
seemed a general favorite — a young 
peasant father and mother teaching 
their baby to walk, under the shade 
of large old trees, with the sunlight 
falling in scattered patches over the 
scene. Charles Sprague Pearce was 
represented by a single example, 
"Tine Veuve," a study of a young 
mother and child, full of pathos. J. 
Wells Champney's "In His Name," 
showed a sweet-faced King's Daugh- 
ter with a group of poor children 
about her. Childe Hassam had some 
of his interesting street scenes, and 
Stephen Parish, a pleasing effect of 
snow in his "Canadian Village." 
Alexander Harrison sent several ex- 
cellent^ painted canvasses. His "La 
Vague," competed for preference 
with William T. Richards' "The 
Bell Buoy," among the seascapes. 
Charles S. Reinhart exhibited a 
large canvass "Waiting for the Ab- 
sent," a glimpse of seafaring life. 
Samuel Richards' "Evangeline" rep- 
resented the death-bed scene. E. 
E. Simmons had a capital view of a 
man and boy riding in a cart, a lan- 
tern hanging at its side. Clifford 
Grayson showed a successful study 
of a girl melting wax for letter seal- 
ing, the only light being that afford- 
ed by the candle. There were the 
usual number of fruit, flower, and 
still life pieces, full of interest to the 
general observer as well as the stu- 
dent. Of animal studies there were 
few. W. H. Howe's "Waiting for 
Dinner," showed three calves look- 
ing over the half barn door with a 
hungry look in their eyes. Many 
other interesting works were seen, 
but all things must have an end; the 
German ia orchestra ceased, the light 
grew dim and the crowd thinned. 
No rest for the excursionist,however, 
and a hasty glance at the Cyclorama 
of the Battle of Gettysburg fills up 
the remaining hour. The train pulls 
out of the station carrying its bur- 
den through a picturesque country, 
up the happy valley with the evening 
shadows softly shutting out the day- 
light. One sees with a new interest 
the brilliant glow of the furnaces 
far and near, and unconsciously 

makes pictures out of all surround, 
ing objects. But the trip was short 
and 9 o'clock found all safely housed, 
the tired eyes rest, and exhibition 
day is a thing of the past. 

The Housekeepek's Friend. — The 
pioneer friend to the American Housewife 
is The Household, a monthly publication 
founded by Geo. E. Crowe! 1 in 1868, and 
printed at Brattleboro, Vt., until last 
January, when it was moved to Boston, 
that it might better serve its rapidly rfii 
creasing list of subscribers. 

The Household, as its name implies, is 
devoted to the family, and contains helps 
and suggestions fitted to every depart 
ment of the home, and to every membei 
of the family. 

Practical women contribute practical 
articles to the Kitchen, Dining Room and 
Sewing Room. Mrs. D. A. Lincoln, au- 
thor of the famous " Boston Cook Book,"| 
furnishes "Practical Kitchen Talks,'' 
and a "Menu For One Week," in eact 
month's issue. 

The Easter number of The Household is 
now ready. It contains an elegant cover, 
choice Easter stories, and the Practical 
Departments are illustrated. You can 
obtain copies at the News Stands, or you 
can send ten cents to The Household Com- 
pany, 50 Bromfield St., Boston. 

The Easter — March — issue contains the 
offer of three costly presents to the three 
subscribers who obtain the largest list of 
new subscribers to The Household between 
March 1st and August 1st. The first 
present is a $700 Horse and Carriage, the 
second an upright Miller Piano, and the 
third a Columbia Bicycle. 

This is the first time a horse and car- 
riage have been offered by a publisher in 
payment for obtaining new subscribers. 
It affords an opportunity for the ladies to 
obtain the best "Household" publication 
for one year, and also to secure for them- 
selves a fine horse and carriage, or for a, 
favorite pastor or officer of a lodge. 

Another special feature is that everj 
bride in the country, of six months or less, 
can have The Household for one year, by 
sending ten two-cent stamps and a printed 
notice of her marriage enclosed in the 
letter, addressed to The Household Com-, 






[Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here..! 

Mr. J. D. Rice '92 was called to 
his home on the last of February. 

Mr. C. S. Enck, '91, spent the last 
week of February on his charge. 

Prof. Spangler filled the pulpit of 
Trinity U. B. Church, Lebanon, Pa.J 
8th instant. 

President Bierman was in attend- 
ance at the U. B. Conference at! 

Prof. A. H. Shank, "77, was elected 
P. E. of Maryland and Pennsylvania 

Mrs. Washinger at this writing is 
quite ill with pneumonia at the home 
of her parents. 

Prof. Deaner attended the local 
Teachers' Institutes in North and 
South Annville. 

Rev. W. H. Washinger, '91, was 
stationed at Otterbein TJ. B. Church. 
Harrisburg, by Penna. Conference 



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Dr. Eberly, Rev. Wagner and Bro. 
A. H. Rice were elected trustees at 
the recent meeting of Penna. Con- 

President Bierman will deliver a 
lecture before the faculty and stud- 
ents of Palatinate College, Fred- 
ericksburg, Pa., on the 21st inst. 

Mrs. Bollar, mother of Mrs. Joseph 
Kreider, died on the 27th .ult. Fu- 
neral services were held on the 2d 
inst. Her remains were taken to 
Philadelphia on the 3d for inter- 


Tennyson's pay for his last poem 
was at the rate of $45 a word. 

It is said that New York has over 
1000 millionaires, while London has 
600, Paris 500, Berlin 200 and 
Vienna 100. 

. The remains of Emma Abbott 
were incinerated at Pittsburg on 
February 1 7th. She w^s dressed in 
a $5000 dress. 

At the recent marriage of John 
Jacob Astor in Philadelphia, $2100 
were expended in the floral display, 
and $2,000,000 worth of presents 
were received. 

The Seniors were feted at the 
home of Miss Ella S.aylor, their 
class-sister, on February 21st. They 
had a most enjoyable and " gustable " 

The Century Company has pre- 
pared a list of suitable pictures with 
suggestions for any one who wishes 
to get up the entertainment. They 
will send it free on request. 

The next World's Convention of 
Young Men's Christian Association 
will be held in Amsterdam, Holland, 
in the month of August, 1891, from 
the 12th to the 16th inclusive. 

President Bierman in his " Talk 
to Students " on February 9, gave 
the following suggestions: 1. Put 
yourself in the. attitude of a learner. 
2. Seek definite knowledge. 3. Sys- 
tematize facts and principles that 
you may remember them. 

The Alumni of the University of 
Rochester has determined to erect ; 
on the Campus a statue of the late 
President of the University, Dr. 
Martin B. Anderson. The statue 
will be of bronze and heroic in size. 

A student was seen trying to 
fathom the deep mystery of " Gerte 
Oaptus est. Habei." Uncertainty 
clouded his mind for some time. 
His face lit up with an indiscribable 
brightness when he read : "He has 
truly been taken in. He has it." 

March 3, 1791, George Washing- 
ton signed the bill creating the first 
Mint in Philadelphia. President 
Harrison fittingly celebrated the 
centennial anniversary of that event 
by signing the bill appropriating $2,- 
000,000 for a new Mint in Phila- 

Prof. Chas. A. Young thinks the 
most wonderful fact in astronomy is 
that " the great Lick telescope re- 
veals about 100,000,000 stars, and 
that every one of them is a sun, 
theoretically and by analogy giving 
light and heat to his planets." 

A very successful tableau-enter- 
tainment was recently given in New 
York, the subjects being taken from 
illustrations in the current maga- 
zines. The idea is a simple one, and 
if the subjects are well chosen it can 
be made very interesting. 

The Apron Bazaar of the St. 
Paul's Mite Society, held on the 9th 
ult., was a grand success. Each 
member wrote to friends to send an 
apron. Over 175 were received. 
The majority of the States were 
represented. The net proceeds were 
over $160. 

The home and surroundings of 
Pennsylvania's best poet, Bayard 
Taylor, were very graphically and 
forcibly discussed by Prof. Gerberich 
on the 11th inst. His greatness was 
due to the happy culmination of 
events surrounding his early child- 
hood, to natural scenery and histori- 
cal scenes. 

Since Professor Dwight will re- 
sign from Columbia, Princeton is 
arranging to establish a Law School 
in New York City. They have asked 
Prof. Dwight to become its head. A 
faculty will be secured that will at- 
tract and be in every respect repre-- 
sentative. Itwiil require $1,000,000 
to erect suitable buildings, which 
has been secured. 

The Wharton School of Finance 
and Economy of the University 'of 
Pennsylvania has lately received 
valuable recognition from abroad. 
Prof. Julius Wolf, of Zurich Uni- 
versity, Switzerland, who has been 
examining America's schools of po- 
litical economy, pronounces it the 
only one worthy of being so called, 
and of imitation. 

Prof. Lehman addressed the stu- 
dents on the 25th of February, at 
prayers, on " Who Shall Succeed ? " 
After reading a clipping apropos to 
his subject, he gave the following as 
very necessary if one succeeds: (1) 
He must form a noble purpose. (2) 
A fixed determination. (3) Be self- 
reliant. (4) Be intently in earnest. 
(5) And attentive to trifles. 

" Mistakes of Students " was the 
subject of Prof. Spangler's talk on 
the 5th inst. His talk was especi- 
ally for the infinitesimal few found 
in every college. Yet all found 
valuable lessons. His divisions were 
as follows-: 1. Having papers in 
class. 2. Interlining especially ap- 
plied to language. 3. Such not 
wholly culpable — due to mistaken 
ideas. 4. Great men became great 
by thinking. 

Mr. Daniel Dougherty, the well- 
known orator and lawyer, was on 
the 8th inst. presented with a hand- 
some gold medal by the University 
of Notre Dame, Ind., the largest 
Catholic educational institution in 
the United States. The medal was 
the Lsetare medal, instituted in imi- 
tation of the Golden Rose. It is be- 
stowed each year by the Holy Father 
upon some distinguished American. 

Prof. Deaner addressed the stu- 
dents the 18th ult., on "A Student 
or Parasite. Which?" He showed 
that to be a student one must be en- 
gaged in study for the purpose of 
knowing and understanding what he 
studies, and to gain strength, and 
enlarge his powers. A parasite was 
zoologically defined. A botanical 
example was given in the Dodder. 
Practically he is a drone, loafer, a 
pauper. The ivhich was left to the 
student to make the inference. 

A Greek play, "Antigone," will be 
given by the prominent ladies of 
New Haven, assisted by ladies from 
New York, the proceeds to be used 
to establish an infirmatory for the 
students of Yale, who are ill during 
the college terms. At present, stud- 
ents must suffer the noise or go to 
the hospital. Yery few can do the 
latter because of the cost. The 
home will be near the Campus, con- 
structed at a cost of $75,000, which 
the ladies hope to secure. 

The Ciionians are preparing a treat 
for their friends in the near future. 
This time it is to be a drama ren- 
dered by the society girls. The play, 
" Rebecca's Triumph," is a very 
pretty little romance interwoven with 
domestic scenes. The tone and senti- 
ment are both of the highest order. 
The young ladies have certainly 
shown excellent judgment in their 
selection. The characters have been 
well assigned, and as the girls are 
practicing diligently, we have every 
reason to believe they will fully do 
justice to their various parts. Tak- 
ing the drama as a whole, it is for 
all the world just like girls. We 
await with pleasant anticipations 
the 14th of March. 

" Where are you going, my pretty maid ?' ' 
"I'm going to change my mind," she 

"Will you change with me, my pretty 

"No; you haven't got room for mine 
in your head." — iV. T. Herald. 


All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

The interest in the " Corner " is 
growing. Solutions and problems 
are coming in freely. Let the good 
work go on. One person writes : 
" J ust for fun I thought I would try 

ray hand at the Mathematical Cor- 
ner and enclosed you will find the 
result of my effort." Four excellent 
solutions was the result of the effort. 
Are there not some more fun-loving 
mathematicians ? Let us hear from 
them. Our most faithful contribu- 
tors this month are Mrs. S. D. Faust, 
Messrs H. C. Heckman and R. H. 
Wagoner. Each have solved about 
four of the problems in January 
number and sent problems for solu- 
tion. Thanks, friends, let us hear 
from you again. 

Some of the solutions are a little 
algebraic, but that is only another ar- 
gument that there are only a few 
problems solved purely by arithme- 
tic. If the editor-in-chief would al- 
low us space we would like to publish 
all the solutions' received. If our 
friends desire them we will send 
copies upon receipt of stamped and 
self-addressed envelope. 


No. 63. 

This was solved before but Mr. Wag- 
oner desires to improve his solution. 

Since there are 3 parts brandy and 2 
parts water, and at the end there are to 
be equal parts of each, £ part of brandy 
must be drawn off. Now the brandy is 
to the water as the brandy drawn off is 
to the water drawn off. 

3 : 2 :: £ : water drawn off. 

. *. £ part — water drawn off. 

£ -f- | == | of a part drawn off 

But f of a part = £ of 5 parts. 

. \ £ of the whole was drawn off. 

No. 67. 

f~9 = 2.0801 edge of cube. 
Now if one cubic inch of gold is put 

on the cube, we have 10 cubic inches. 

$ 10 = 2.1544 edge of cube plus two 
thicknesses of gold. 

.% 2.1544 — 2.0801 = .0743 twice the 
thickness of gold. Hence, the thick- 
ness of gold is .0743 -h 2 = .0371 + in. 

R. H. Wagoner, 
Westerville, 0. 

No. 68. 

3 times A' s + 32: 4 times B's — 24::§ : f . 

Product of extremes equals product 
of means. 

Hence f A's + 24 = f B's — 16, 

then I A's = f B's — 40, 

hence A's = f ?- B's — 

then B's + §f B's — if £ = what both 


.-. |X B's + ff B's — iffi = 428 miles. 

ft B's — if «■ = 428 miles. 

ff B's — *4P miles. 

^■j B's = < v 8 miles. 

\\ B's = 204 miles B constructs. 

428 — 204 «— 224 miles A constructs. 

H. C. Heckman, 
Pleasant Hall, Pa. 

No. 69. 

If 15 men are fed for 7 days the same 
amount would keep 1 man 7 times 15, or 
105 days, when flour is $8 per bbl., and 
when it is $1 per bbl., the same amount 
of money would keep 1 man 8 times 105 
or 840 days ; and to feed 10 men at $1 per 
bbl., it would last ^ of 840 days or 84 
days, and to eat it in 8 days the same 
would cost as many dollars per bbl. as 8 
is contained times in 84 or 10^ times. 
Hence, the price must be $10£ per bbl. to 
meet requirements. 

Mrs. S. D. Faust, 

Earrisburg, Pa. 

No. 70. 
75% of $40 = $30. 

50% of gain in teas= £ of gain on teas. 

$40 = gain on coffees. 

... $40 + $30 -f £ of gain on teas = 

gain on teas. 
. \ $70 + £ gain on teas = gain on teas. 
.-. I gain on teas == $70. 
Gain on teas = $140. 
$30+ £ gain on teas=$100 gain on spices. 
. -, $140 + $100 + $40 = $280 entire gain. 

H. C. Heckman. 

No. 71. 

As A sells to B at a certain profit, and 
B to C at the same profit, the cost of each 
must bear to selling price of each the 
same ratio. Hence, 
$300 : A's selling price or B's cost : : B's 

cost : $432. 
Product of extremes equals product of 

.'. B's cost squa red = $1 29600. 
. \ B's cost = V $1*9600 = $360. 

Mrs. S. D. Faust. 

No. 72. 

This is rather a " puzzle " than a prob- 
lem. Here is a solution. 
The first man sells 

49 eggs @ \ cent = 7 cents, 
and 1 egg @ 3 cents == 3 cents. 

Total, 10 cents. 

The second man sells 

28 eggs @ \ cent = 4 cents, 
and 2 eggs @ 3 cents = 6 cents. 

Total, 10 cents. 

The third man sells 

7 eggs @ \ cent — 1 cent, 
and 3 eggs @ 3 cents — 9 cents. 

Total, 10 cents. 

Hence they sold eggs at same rate, \ 
and 3 cents a piece, and each had ten cents 
from the sale. 

R. H. Wagoner, 

Westerville, 0. 


No. 73. 

A merchant sold cloth at 20% gain, 
but had it cost $49 more he would have 
lost 15% by selling at the same price. 
What did the goods cost ? 
No. 74. 

If 12 men can do a piece of work in 8| 
days, how long may 3 men remain away 
and the work be finished in the same 
time, by their bringing 7 men with them ? 
No. 75. 

A can do as much in 2 days as B can in 
2^ days. B can do as much in 2 days as 
C can in 2£ days. They do a piece of 
work for $61. Find the share of each. 
No. 76. 

Two hunters killed a deer, and used 
the following method to determine its 
weight : Their own weights were re- 
spectively 130 and 190 pounds. They 
placed a rail across a fence so that it 
balanced with one man on each end. 
They then exchanged places ; the lighter 
man taking the deer, the rail again bal- 
anced. What was the weight of the deer? 

Essay. Mendelssohn, 

Miss Mary C. Batdorf. 
Boat Song. Meidlinger. 

Mr. Horace W. Crider. 
Silver Trumpets. Wels. 

Misses Walmer and Mumma. 
Essay. Beethoven. 

Miss Anna M. Brightbill. 
Serenade. Schubert. 

Miss Nora H. Steffey. 
"See Thou Pale Moon." Campana. 

Misses Wilson and M. Smith. 
Mazurka. Godard. 

Miss Carrie E. Smith. 
Essay. Schumann. 

Miss Minne E. Burtner. 
The Violet. Cruschman. 
Misses Strffey, Forney and Quigley 


The Toledo Collegian, of Western 
College, comes to us this quarter 
greatly enlarged and beautified. By 
this advance step the Collegian keeps 
abreast with the progressive institu 
tion it represents. It contains a de- 
scription of the new system of grad- 
ing recently adopted b}^ Western 
College, which we think to be ex- 

The Colorado Collegian is filled 
with spicy articles on various sub- 
jects, which make it an interesting 

College Echoes, the representative 
of Lane University, with Mr. H. L. 
Chambers as editor, keeps us weli 
informed as to the commendable 
work and marked progress our 
Kansas friends are making. 


Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Music Recital. 

The music pupils, under the direc- 
torship of Miss Eby, gave a very in- 
teresting music recital in the Chapel 
on Wednesday evening, February 
25th. The pupils deserve great 
praise for the manner in which they 
acquitted themselves. The follow- 
ing programme was rendered : 
"Come Sing, While We Our Silk 

Gather." Gounod. 
Misses Burtner, Wilson, Smith 
and Walmer. 

Miss Stehman spent several days 
at her home before the 22d of Feb 

Miss Eby visited the society oi 
the 27th ult. We were heartily glac 
to see her. 

A party of Clios spent the after 
noon of the 22d of February at 
Lebanon. It is needless to say the) 
all had a jolly time. 

The visit to the Philo's Society 
was enjoyed by all. We think it i 
good thing to visit our brother 
workers. Seemingly we turn to ow 
work with greater zeal and earnest 

Our programmes have been verj 
interesting. The following subjecj 
was discussed : " What civilizatid 
has done for our country." Anotbe' 
evening was spent discussing tb' 
different phases of education. 0< 
the 20th of February the program^ 
was a historical one. The ne* 
evening was an evening with Poet* 

The ladies, recognizing the nee 
of a new musical instrument in tb 
Society Hall, are making efforts t> 





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secure one. To further their plans 
they will give an entertainment on 
March 14th. We hope it will be 
well patronized, and we know no 
one will regret having been there. 


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Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

We will again give to our readers 
some items regarding the society's 

Several of the gentlemen visited 
Lebanon on the 23rd of February, 
to view the firemen's parade. All 
report a pleasant time. 

Preparations are being made for 
the Anniversary, which will be held 
April 10th. Much care and anxiety 
is always entertained until this event 
is past. The music practice and 
literary productions take time and 
persistent application. 

Rev. J. H. VonNeida visited the 
school a few weeks ago, and led the 
Chapel exercises. Mr. YonNeida is 
a very faithful Kalozetean, and al- 
though he cannot be in our midst, 
his best wishes are for the societv's 
success. He has charge of the First 
TJ. B. Church, Reading, Pa. May 
success crown his efforts. 

Rev. J. W. G. Herold also visited 
the school since we last wrote. He 
told us man}' things in reference to 
the society which happened when he 
was a student. How they toiled and 
strove to push such a grand work 
forward. By manly effort they did 
accomplish much, and gave to the 
institution this important factor. 
Mr. Herold is preaching at Clay, Pa. 

Messrs. W. H. Artz and H. B. 
Yohn visited their homes in Wil- 
liamstown and Mountville lately. 
They report a grand time and many 
good things to eat. One of the gen- 
tlemen was very much affected by 
something unusual, as he hung his 
head for several days after return- 
ing. Perhaps he was grieved at giv- 
ing mamma good-bye ; but it is more 
probable that it was caused by part- 
ing with his fair enamorata. 

All the members have been true 
to the society and motto by giving 
their presence and productions every 
Frida}- evening. The questions dis- 
cussed were of such a character that 
much interest was taken. Biogra- 
phies of the famous men who have 
recently passed to their long homes 
were given. Addresses upon live 
subjects were delivered, making it 
profitable and also very entertaining 
to all. The Budget was full of many 
spicy articles which called forth 
much laughter. 

Now is the time to subscribe for 
the Forum. Only 25 cents a year. 

Philokosniian Literacy Society. 

" Esse Quam Videri." 

Mr. H. B. Roop is the honored 
president of this society. 

Rev. I. H. Albright was re-elected 
P. E. at the Penna. Conference. 

Misses Sheldon and Eby, Prof. J. 
E. Lehman and wife and Messrs. 
Geo. and J. R. Stine were with us 
on the same evening. 

Addresses were made hy Profs. 
Lehman and Sheldon, Miss Ella Say- 
lor, President of the Clionian Liter- 
ary Society, and Messrs. Geo. and J. 
R. Stine. 

Mr. J. W. Owen is quite an elec- 
trician. Under the instructions of J. 
L. McCaskey he placed a clock in 
the high school building at Leba- 
non, Pa. 

The debate proved interesting and 
instructive to all present. The 
judges decided that music is more 
beneficial than art. So it is settled 
for all time. 

Messrs. G. K. Hartman, H. TJ. 
Roop, J. D. Rice and W. H. Wash- 
inger attended the Penna. Confer- 
ence which convened at Mechanics- 
burg on the 25th ult. 

The Clionian Literary Society 
paid us a visit on the 13th ult. it 
is quite an inspiration for the boys 
to speak in the presence of so dis- 
tinguished a body. 

Prof. A. H. Gerberich visited us 
on the 20th ult. His address was 
full of good thoughts. Come again. 
Messrs. Miest and Marks, of Ann- 
ville, also paid us a visit on the same 

Hon. J. T. Miller, of New York, 
will deliver the last entertainment of 
the course on the 19th inst. He is 
an elocutionist and impersonator of 
recognized ability. We have every 
reason to expect a grand treat. 

Mr. Samuel Cottrell spent Wash- 
ington's Birthday in Annville. He 
is enjoying Washington life very 
much. He did not forget to sub- 
scribe for The Forum — not only for 
himself but also for his friend. Young 
man, go thou and do likewise. 

Rev. E. S. Bowman was appointed 
to Greencastle. Rev. B. F. Daugh- 
erty to George street Mission, Balti- 
more. Jos. Daugherty to Newville. 
J. E. Kleffman to Hanover Circuit. 
A. A. Long to Duncannon and J. A. 
Shettel to York Haven Mission. 

Rev. G. Murray Klepfer, of Dan- 
ville, Pennsylvania, delivered his lec- 
ture entitled, "A Family Quarrel and 
What Came of it," in the College 
Chapel on the 26th ult. to an appre- 
ciative audience. The lecture was a 
decided success. The thoughts were 
ennobling. The lecturer told us the 
family quarrel began with the Decla- 
ration of Independence, and the va- 
rious strifes through which we have 

since passed have only placed us on 
a higher plane of civilization and on 
more far reaching stages of develop- 
ment. The lecture was an intellect- 
ual treat — a very grand philosophi- 
cal production on the historical de- 
velopment of our nation and a pro- 
phetic vision of what she will be in 
the future. The lecture was inter- 
spersed with sufficient humor to ren- 
der it highly entertaining. Rev. 
Klepfer is a clear and forcible speaker 
and bids fair to become one of the 
most noted lecturers in the field. 
We would gladly hear him again. 

The National Plant. 

There have been laudable efforts 
lately to elect a national flower by 
voting; but however dear and right- 
fully dear, to the American heart is 
universal suffrage, it cannot decide 
this question, the answer to which 
should be by acclamation. And how 
could a fair vote be obtained without 
an organization almost such as is 
found necessary for choosing a presi- 
dent for the great Republic, — which 
in this case is clearly impossible. 

Of all the plants selected by this 
republican caucus, the one that is 
already national has been strangely 
neglected. The stately sunflower, 
the fragrant arbutus, the gay golden 
rod, the beautiful mountain laurel, 
the grand magnolia, the gorgeous 
cardinal flower, have each and all 
had their adherents, and been voted 
for; but when a few out of what 
should have been many millions of 
votes have been recorded, the thing 
comes to a dead stop. 

The American Garden may speak 
of " our national flower the golden 
rod ; " but when nothing has been 
the choice of the whole people or a 
representative of part of the people, 
nothing can come of it. But the 
maize, the Indian corn, has a strong 
though unacknowledged position as 
our national plant. — From " Indian 
Corn as Our National Plant," by 
Sarah Freeman Clarke, in New 
England Magazine for March. 

The following, says the Austra- 
lian Sunday School Teacher, is 
from a boy's essay on total absti- 
nence. It is a whole volume on tem- 
perance in a nutshell: "I abstain 
from alcoholic drinks, because, 
if I would excel as a cricketer, 
Grace says, ' abstain ; ' as a walker, 
Weston says, ' abstain ; ' as an 
oarsman, Hanlon says, 'abstain;' 
as a swimmer, Webb says, ' abstain •' 
as a missionary, Livingstone sa} T s, 
1 abstain ; ' as a doctor, Clark says, 
' abstain ; ' as a preacher, Farrar says, 
'abstain.' Asylums, prisons, and 
workhouses repeat the cry, ' ab- 
stain ! ' " 



The Fayerweather Will Case. 

A new interest has been added to 
the Fayerweather will contest, which 
has been in progress in New York 
City for some weeks past, by the 
announcement that the residuary 
legatees under the will had, in their 
turn, divided the residuary estate, 
estimated at the value of $4,000,000, 
among a number of colleges, hos- 
pitals and other institutions. This 
action of the legatees deprives the 
contestants of the will of their prin- 
cipal ground of action, which was 
that the amount left in the hands of 
the residuary legatees by the terms 
of the will was excessive, and in- 
volved an injustice to the regular 
heirs. The legatees have now re- 
linquished all claim to the residuary 
estate, and have made a formal dis- 
position of it. They reserve the 
right to assent to the enlargement of 
the provisions made by the will for 
several persons. A number of small 
bequests are increased. They pro- 
vide several small annuities. The 
Northwestern University of Evans- 
ton, 111., gets $100,000. After pay- 
ment in full of all lawful fees, ex- 
penses, etc., these gifts are made in 
addition to the amount given by the 
original will of Mr. Fayerweather : 
Mt. Sinai Hospital, $15,000; the 
Presbyterian Hospital, of New York, 
$25,000; the Woman's Hospital, in 
the State of New York, $200.000 ; 
the Manhattan Eye and Ear Hos- 
pital, $25,000 ; Yale College at New 
Haven, Conn.,, $150,000 ; Wesleyan 
University, at Middletown, Conn., 
$50,000; Lafayette College, at 
Easton, Pa., $50,000; Maryville 
College, $50,000; Wabash College, 

These gifts are made to institu- 
tions not mentioned in the will : The 
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 
$25,000 ; St. Luke's Hospital, in the 
city of New York, $25,000 ; the Man- 
hattan Dispensary, New York City, 
$25,000; the Montefiore Home for 
Chronic Invalids, $25,000 ; the Meth- 
odist Hospital of Brooklyn, $25,000 ; 
the New York Cancer Hospital, 
$25,000 ; the Society of St. Vincent 
de Paul, New York City, $50,000; 
Union College at Schenectady, $100,- 
000; Haverford College, Montgom- 
ery Co., Pa., $50,000; the University 
of the City of New York, $100,000 ; 
the University of Pennsylvania, $52,- 
000; Brown Universitv, at Provi- 
dence, R, I., $50,000; Harvard Col- 
lege at Cambridge, Mass., $100,000; 
Trinity College, at Hartford, Conn., 
$50,000; Princeton College, $100,- 
000 ; Rutgers College, at New 
Brunwick. N. J., $100,000 ; Weils 
College, Aurora, $50,000; Elmira 
Female College, $50,000; Barnard 
School for Women in the city of 
New York, $100,000; the Cooper 
Union for the advancement of science 
and art, $200,000.- Christian at Work. 


With thfi number for March, The Forum 
begins its eleventh volume. Throughout 
the whole period of the ten volumes now 
finished, the publishers announce that 
there has been an uninterrupted increase 
of their business — an indication of the 
steady growth of the popular interest in 
the free discussion of the most important 
subjects of the time. So great has been 
the growth of the magazine that it is 
necessary to procure larger office-room 
than the quarters now occupied by The 
Forum, which three years ago seemed 
large enough for an indefinite period. 
The contents for March are : ' ' The Ni- 
caragua Canal," Senator John Sherman ; 
"Silver as a Circulating Medium," Geo. 
S. Boutwell, formerly Secretary of the 
Treasury; "Do We Hate England?" 
Bishop A. Cleveland Coxe ; "The Shib- 
boleth of 'The People,'" W. S. Lilly; 
'■Freedom of Religious Discussion," 
Prof. Max Miiller ; "Our Bargain with 
the Inventor, ' ' Park Benjamin ; ' ' The 
Ring and the Trust," Rev. Dr. William 
Barry; "Railways Under Government 
Control," W. M. Acworth, a special stud- 
ent of English railway problems ; "Rus- 
sian Treatment of Jewish Subjects," P. 
G. Hubert, Jr.; "Formative Influences," 
Martha J. Lamb; "A New Policy for 
the Public Schools," John Bascom. The 
price of The Forum is 50 cents a copy, $5 
a year, and it is published by The Forum 
Publishing Company, New York. 

The chapters of Mr. Stockton's "House 
of Martha" which are given in the At- 
lantic for March introduce the "Lady 
who Sits on the Sand," the "Middle- 
Aged Man of the Sea," the " Shell Man," 
the " Lover-in-Check," the "Interpo- 
lation," and last, but not least, a "Per- 
son." Miss Murfree's serial ends in the 
present number, and ends tragically. 
There is an interesting paper about Rich- 
ard Grant White, contributed by Francis 
P. Church " The State University in 
America," by George E. Howard, advo- 
cates the establishment of universities in 
each State. A paper on "The Speaker 
as Premier," by Albert Bushnell Hart, is 
a timely consideration of a question 
which has been much before the public 
of late. Mr. Lowell continues his arti- 
cles on Travel in Japan. Perhaps the 
most valuable contribution to the number 
is Francis Parkman's first paper on the 
"Capture of Louisbourg by the New 
England Militia." Miss Agnes Repplier, 
in an amusing aud thoughtful paper, 
called "Pleasure: A Heresy," appeals 
not for more cultivation in life, but for 
a recognized habit of enjoyment. A re- 
view of Mr. Aldrich's new volume of 
poetry, of one or two French novels, aud 
of Mr. Sargent's Silva of North America, 
with the usual comment on New Books 

and the Contributors' Club, conclude the 
number. Houghton, Miffin & Co., Bos- 

The March Century has a third insta 
ment of the famous Talleyrand Memoir 
The California series this month takes u 
the Fremont explorations. To the de 
partment of "California" Prof. Royce, 
of Harvard College, contributes some 
new documents on the Bear Flag affair, 
taken from the private papers of Com- 
mander John B. Montgomery of the 
"Portsmouth." The frontispiece of the 
number is a new portrait of Bryant with- 
out the familiar beard. " General Crook 
in the Indian Country," by Captain John 
G. Bourke, is a paper that has been in 
preparation for several months, and de- 
rives a special and timely interest from 
the present Indian troubles. Lieutenant 
Horace Carpenter, of New Orleans, on 
"Plain Living at Johnson's Island," de- 
scribes the hardships, from the point of 
view of a Confederate prisoner, of a so- 
journ in the war prison in Lake Erie, near 
Sandusky. The second article on "The 
Anglo-Saxon in the Southern Hemi- 
sphere " is devoted to Australian cities. 
In "Topics of the Time" and "Open 
Letters" there are among other things 
discussions of Finance, Municipal Re- 
form, Journalism, Civil Service Reform, 
Working Girls' Clubs, the American Des- 
ert, etc., also an account of "Two Inter- 
views with Robert E. Lee," and some- 
thing concerning the relations between 
Washington and Talleyrand. 




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1 1) 



Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. IV. No. 4. 


Whole No. 40. 


E. Bbnj. Bierman, A. M.. President. 
H. Clay Dbakbr, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. B. Lbhman, A.M., Professorof Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebbrsolb, A.M., Professor ot Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Spanglbr, A. B. de Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 
A. H. Gerbbrich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss P. Adelaidb Sheldon, Professor of Art. 

Cold prayers will never have warm 
answers. To be in earnest, our pray 
ers will be warm and from the heart 
II we are in earnest, we must at get occasionally enthusiastic 

Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shbnk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Kbv. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 

H. Clay Deanek. 

Love always gains by being test 
ed, and our love for any cause is 
best shown by what we do for that 
cause. The man who loves his 
church and never makes any sacri 
fices for it, has a very cold love, if 
any at all. 

AU communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip 
tions should be sent to the PubUshing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



The only things for which we 
really pray are those for which we 
tre willing to work. 

Anyone not receiving the College 
?ortjm regularly, will confer a favor 
>y notifying the publishing agent. 

Generosity is too often seen only 
rhen there is an opportunity to tell 
I 'thers what they should do with 
- heir (the Lord's) money. 

Fruits are the best evidence of 
ur interest in any work. Inten- 
on s are good, but without being 
ut into actions, they are useless. 

ryfoI The Libr arian acknowledges the 
rde« ; ?ceipt of the Report of the St. 
nd,obuis Library, from Horace Kep- 
r t, '?9, who is at present librarian. 

" College" Day will be observed 
on the first and recond Sabbaths of 
May. What "College Day" will do 
for the college will largely depend 
upon the preacher in charge. His 
people will give in direc t proportion 
to his interest. The past has proven 
that whenever the pastor was ag- 
gressive and deeply interested, his 
people nobly responded. 

A word to the pastors ! It is an 
earnest request. It is this ! We take 
it for granted that "College Day" will 
be observed, but we wish it a grand 
success. We would like the offer- 
ing not to be less than ten cents per 
member. To accomplish this it will 
take hard work, but we are willing 
to give whatever help we can in the 
accomplishing of this result, hence 
if the members of the Faculty can 
be of any help, they offer their as- 

We would suggest that you talk 
about "College Day" privately, and 
that you rejoice that the church has 
an opportunity to do something for 
so worthy a purpose and institution. 
Impress the people that they should 
put in the collection not pennies, but 
dimes, quarters and dollars. Their 
giving will be gauged by the stand- 
ard you propose. 

Subscribe for the Forum. Only 
25 cents a year. 

The so-called spring conferences 
patronizing Lebanon Valley College 
have now all held their annual ses- 
sions, and we are gratified to say 
that the action taken in reference to 
Christian education in general, and 
the continued support of the college 
more particularly, was in each case 
very satisfactory, and uniformly in 
favor of more earnest effort to make 
the educational work in the East a 

The Pennsylvania Conference re- 
cently passed a strong paper on the 
subject, and among other resolu- 
tions, one calling for the appointment 
of a committes of five, whose duty 
it shall be to devise plans and insti- 
tute measures to bring about a closer 
sympathy between the college and 
the conference. We understand the 
committee has been appointed, and 
that it has in contemplation the call- 
ing of several educational mass meet- 
ings at prominent points within the 
bounds of the conference. 

We have no doubt that if this 
plan is properly worked, the results 
will inure to the advancement of 
the interests of the college. 

The Virginia Conference commends 
anew the institution to its people for 
support, and expresses the confident 
hope that such measures may soon 
be devised that will relieve the col- 
lege of all financial embarrassments 
at an early day, and place it upon a 
career of usefulness such as it has 
not experienced for many years. 

The Maryland Conference held 
quite an enthusiastic session on 
Saturday afternoon of its sitting, 
devoted to the interest of education 
and the college, and the resolutions 
passed and the addresses delivered 
on the occasion gave abundant evi- 
dence of the deep hold the college 
has upon its people, and of the un- 
questioned desire on the part of the 




conference to make the institution a 

President Bier man's report to these 
several conferences, stating the pres- 
ent condition of the college, was well 
received, and its suggestions en- 
dorsed. In view of the agitation of 
the re-location of the college, the 
Pennsylvania and the Maryland Con- 
ferences appointed committees on 
said subject, with instruction to re- 
port on same at an early day. 

Giving as a Means of Grace. 


That the word of God designates 
as one of the duties of the Chris- 
tian life, the giving of our substance 
to the cause of Christ, need not be 
argued. But why should we give ? 
Is God necessitated to appeal to 
man for supplies ? Should we give 
because of the real necessities of 
the cause of Christ? Could not he 
who fed Israel in the wilderness for 
forty years, he who fed the thousands 
upon the mountains of Galilee, who 
could have called to his defense at 
the time of his arrest more than 
twelve legions of angels, could not 
he, by the exercise of the same sov- 
ereign power and right, carry for- 
ward the work of his kingdom, with- 
out appealing to man for assistance ? 
Is he who upholds the universe by 
his power, reduced to an extremity 
when he undertakes to establish a 
kingdom among men ? Not at all. 
We talk much about the needs of 
the kingdom of Christ, and urge the 
necessity of general and immediate 
action, as though without our help 
the cause of God were helpless. It 
is a false conception. 

The real basis for christian liber- 
ality is not to be found in the help- 
lessness of God's cause, but in the 
necessities of our own nature. We 
are taught to give for the same rea- 
son that we are taught to pray, to 
read the Bible, to attend the public 
services of God's house — for the im- 
provement of our own spiritual na- 
tures. Not because of God's neces- 
sity, but because of our necessity. 

The human heart is naturally dis- 
posed, because of sin, to grow nar- 
row, selfish, mean ; to want every- 
thing for self. God would bring iis 
into sympathy with the great body 
of humanity, into sympathy with his 
own great plan for the betterment 
of the condition of mankind, and 
would thus develop to an ever higher 
standard our higher spiritual being. 
Hence he requires that we become 
active participants in his great en- 
terprise of love. He sacrificed for the 
welfare of humanity; he would 

have us come into possession of the 
same spirit. Hence he teaches us to 
sacrifice for humanity, to sacrifice in 
toil, in giving. " We are laborers 
together with God." As he, prompt- 
ed by love, gave his son for our re- 
demption, he would have us, by the 
giving of our substance, cultivate 
that same spirit of love. 

We have a wrong idea when we 
complain of the church making so 
many calls for money. We should 
say that for our welfare, God makes 
these demands that thus he may 
give us opportunity to enlarge and 
develop our spiritual natures. "The 
liberal soul shall be made fat." "Give 
and it shall be given unto you." We 
think that in giving we confer a 
great favor upon the recipients, but 
God says the greater blessing is 
upon him who gives. " It is more 
blessed to give than to receive." 

What Lebanon Yalley College Has 
Done for the Church. 

REV. J. W. ETTER, A. M., D. D. 

This is equivalent to a considera- 
tion of what education has done for 
the church. Its benefits could not be 
painted with colors too rich. It has 
equipped the young for the best 
work in the church. It has sharp 
ened the edged-tools of every fac- 
ulty. It has put the stores of the 
past into our hands. It has enriched 
character and broadened prospects. 
It has given depth, height, length, 
breadth, enlargement in every line 
of the perfect cube of manhood and 
womanhood. It not only gives 
knowledge, but discipline. If we 
could get the results of a college 
education without the education, 
these results would be worth more 
than the education proper, but Leb- 
anon Valley College has given both 
education and the consequent re- 
sults. The results should furnish 
the basis of a proper estimate. 

What is Lebanon Yalley College 
worth to the church ? Worth very 
little if it is worth no more than the 
money it costs. What has Lebanon 
Yalley College given to the church ? 
Yery little if it has given no more 
than it has ever received. 

I think our colleges need a new 
system of book-keeping — a system 
that gives not only financial results, 
but educational results. Suppose 
L. Y. C. costs $8,000 a year, and 
its returns are only $4,000. Is the 
school therefore a failure? Yes, 
in the same sense that the $60,000,- 
000 missionary money paid every 
year is a failure. Place on the debit 
side of the college every dollar she 
ever cost the church, and then on 
the credit side place all sorts of 
values she has given the church — 
prestige, influence, soul inspiration, 



mental and religious culture, church 
adhesiveness, moral stamina, an<| 
above all, men — appraise all her in. 
tellectual and moral forces accord. ^ , 
ing to standards of comparative val. 
ues, and you will see in how many reS ' 
ways the whole is a source of ethica! a n< j 
revenue to the standing of our churcl m , 
to-day. Lebanon Yalley College is e u 
not indebted to the church ; thi U f e 
church is indebted to Lebanon Val c 


ley College ; and gloomy will be th, , 
outlook of the Eastern portion o 6 
our Zion in the future were thi a ^ 
source of illumination extinguishe 
from the educational stars of th P ra 

church. Hundreds of families hj 
tween the Alleghenies and the At 
lantic have bright jets burning 



their homes that were lighted a q q ^ 
this star, and they still continue ti ^ Q 
receive their supplies of olive oi ^ ^ 
from the great candlestick of th aQg ^ 
East. Shut off the supply at th regc 
educational plant and hundreds ( j 
homes will become darkened, hui tQ ^ 
dreds of lights will go out, an .j 
nothing left with which to kindl 
new tapers. The figure is not poe ^ 
ical. Lebanon Valley College is th r 
real lighthouse of the East. It hi ^ Q 
helped and guided many a poo j ^ & 
mariner on life's ocean, and to let nQ } 
smother amid the breakers would I no |. ( 

Then who can calculate the infli 
ence of the college upon future 

our i 

US Oi 

erations? It may yet give tl j j6t 
world a Nestor. We may strike rego j 
match, and from that little flame ~j v j r 
street may be lighted. Give a lig^y 
to some bright youth, and you nu^^ 
be taking the nearest way to instruij avg 
the twentieth century, or to sc 11 ^^ 
the gospel to Chinese Tartan' , orlj^g 
overthrow the popular science feti mug ^ 
of the hour. A spark from L. V. , 
may yet light the last generation Wou j 
men by which they may come 
multitudes to see their Savior ai gav * 

t our c 

Resolving and Acting. 



A resolution is but the expressiidebts 
of a desire to have something dortime 
coupled with the intention of doijtteth 
that something. Resolving, ho* u tioi 
ever, will not accomplish that sofl° u t < 
thing, unless it be followed up wftnon 
corresponding action. Resolvi Ca ny 
may prompt to action ; but it an on 
action that brings the desired upon 
suits, hence without correspondi«he ^ 
action Resolutions amount to nothn^r t 

In looking over the minutes ^th 
the Conferences, cooperating wielp 
Lebanon Valley College, I find thnd 
have been abundant in resolutior >on 
The time has now come for actio^od t 
and let us be abundant in actunon 
Have these purposes expressed^ 
these resolutions been backed up Sul 




1Urc ' 1 corresponding action ? If not, then 

a ^ ^ey are worthless, so far as helping 
iT 1B ' the College is concerned. What the 
COr ^' College now wants is action, not 
6 Va '' resolutions. We all look upon Leb- 
"j 1 ^ anon Valley College as a necessity 
i 11Ca * in the East. Our children must be 
c * educated and trained. Their own 
! ° 6 J S usefulness and the interests of the 
' Ji , church demand that they be educa- 
1 ,? ted. They look to us to meet this 
16 * demand by putting the College upon 
° n , ,! a permanent basis financially. Will 
; . } l we do it? It can not be done by 
l i s ^ praying alone, neither can it be done 
^ ™ by resolving. The past has fully 
;s demonstrated the fact that resolu- 
e , tions don't endow chairs, nor meet 
n ? 1 current expenses. If Lebanon Valley 
a College is to be saved, we must act 
me *f at once, and in concert. You say, can 
V P ® it be made a success where it is ? I 
*7 answer, yes ; if its friends come to its 
l \ rescue. It cannot succeed anywhere 

f 1 unless the church in the East comes 
' to its help. What it wants is mate- 
J ' . a !! rial help ; help in a tangible form, 
kindl wm the forty thousand members of 
\P° € the church in the bounds of the co- 
^ operating Conferences allow their 
lt k own child to suffer and die ? I think 
I hear forty thousand voices saying, 
jvV no, never ; we will come to its rescue 
' not only with our prayers, but with 

. our money as well. We observe the 
' infl day of prayer for Colleges, now let 

§® us observe financial day for Colleges. 
[ e 1 Let the Conferences act upon their 
unite resolutions in a substantial way, by 
lame j ving a co n ec tion on "College 
a n 8"Day," that will not only amount to 
,u ^hundreds, but to thousands of dol- 
llstru 'lars. It is not a question as to 
3 m whether we should or should not 

3 ® 1: must have if we would stand side by 
side with our Sister Churches, if we 
tlon would perform the work God has 
)me assigned us as a church, if we would 
or a save the souls God has committed to 
our care. Then let us have a grand 
fally on " College Day." A rally 
not of resolutions, but of contribu- 
tions. The time for resolutions is 
past, and they don't help to pay off 
ressidebts and support the Faculty. The 
v dominie for action has come. Now 
f doifoethren let us make one more reso- 
r, h<Mion, and that is, " Resolve to carry 
t sofl° u t our resolutions touching Leb- 
ip wianon Valley College." Then let us 
solvi c arry out that resolution, and Leb- 
t it anon Valley College will be lifted 
ired Upon a higher plane of usefulness. 
)ondi fe he will stand where God intended 
lothufer to stand. Then we can refer 
utes "th pleasure to our College (if we 
ig wielp to put her upon such a plane) 
nd thnd our children will look with pride 
•lutionon their Alma Mater, and thank 
actio^od that they are graduates of Leb- 
acti&on Valley College. 

ssed^ . > . 

d up Subscribe for the Forum. 

"The Relation of Ministers to the 


I would prefer to discuss the rela- 
tion of the College to ministers, but 
I suppose the intent of the propo- 
sition is to call for some thoughts 
on the duty of ministers in relation 
to the College. And first, ministers 
ought to have a very high apprecia- 
tion of the College. 

The ultimate aim or intent of the 
Christian college is surpassingly high 
and laudable. It takes into account 
things temporal, spiritual and eter- 
nal, and it well deserves the sympa- 
thy of all good men and women. If 
it is well conducted it develops the 
highest and best type of manhood 
on earth. It aims to educate the 
whole man, physical, intellectual, 
moral and spiritual. This Christian 
manhood is in universal demand. 
The State — the highest profession, 
the industries, and also, the Church 
of God — in all her departments de- 
mands this high culture. The Col- 
lege admits of indefinite improve- 
ment, but cannot admit a substitute. 
The mental power and discipline, 
the approved methods and princi- 
ples, with the store of knowledge, 
cannot otherwise be secured in so 
brief a time as at College. That 
minister to whom these facts are not 
apparent, must be too dull to be of 
any account in this progressive age. 

Secondly, Ministers must patron- 
ize and support the College. The 
State, the high profession and sec- 
ular callings, will provide for them- 
selves such Colleges as are adapted 
to their respective wants. Ministers 
will need to give the Church of God 
the benefit of their genius and 
wisdom, to help her with Colleges 
adapted to her welfare. The College 
is made for man, and not man for 
the College. It must therefore ad- 
just itself to that which is practical 
and best. That its line of training 
is not always that of the secular 
Colleges or the University, is not 
cause for reproach; it is enough if 
she does her work well within her 
enlarging sphere. Let all help the 
College, and " Long live the College." 

Suggestions for College Day. 

" College Day is to be a day of 
counting of mercies, of tender recol- 
lections of God's amazing grace, of 
gratitude and thanksgiving, of love 
and praise, of spontaneous sacrifice 
to the cause of God." Beautiful idea, 
the counting of blessings, a grateful 
uplifting of the heart to God for his 
goodness and mercy. 

We wish all to feel that " College 
Day" is not a burden, or a " drum- 
ming" for money. It is strictly to be a 

measure of your thankfulness, a free- 
will offering to the Lord in behalf of 
Lebanon Valley College. Paul says, 
" Rejoice in the Lord always." 
Yearly occasions of rejoicing do all 
good. We regret that there are some 
people in the world, and even in our 
church, whose blessings are only in 
the past tense. They know no pres- 
ent or future form of rejoice. " Col- 
lege Day" will afford to such an op- 
portunity to leave off crying and join 
in an anthem of praise, and a hearty 
Amen. How to celebrate the day 
that it may be profitable, may cause 
not a little anxiety. In view of the 
many duties of pastors, we offer a 
few hints. 

First. As soon as convenient after 
receiving the Forum, make it known 
when College Day comes. The object 
of the day is that their gifts are a free- 
will offering to the Lord in behalf 
of the college for past and present 
blessings, for a continuance of them, 
for negative and positive blessings; 
that you were not born cannibals, but 
in a land of Bibles; for food, health, 
and for a faith that gives an insight 
into God's plans. 

Second. Have an educational ad- 
dress or sermon. This is highly 
important, and will be highly appre- 
ciated. It may be of interest to give 
some reminiscences of college life. 

Kind words in favor of Lebanon 
Valley College may be part of the 
discourse, or speak of the record of 
the past and the needs of the future, 
or the duty of sustaining the educa- 
tional work of the church. After 
the services, gather the offerings, 
then invoke a blessing upon the giv- 
er and offering, upon the college, 
faculty and students. 

The "Educational Symposium" 
given in Religious Teliscope during 
January contains helpful sugges- 
tions. We give a few themes for 
your help. Education a wise 
measure. — Prov. 1 : 5 ; 15 : 14. 
The Happiness of an Educated 
Man. — Prov. 3 : 13 ; 24 : 4. Educa- 
tion a constant Blessing. — Prov. 6 : 
22. The True Basis of the Church's 
Permanent Strength. — Is. 33 : 6. 
See Mat. — 2 : 7. Reasonableness of 
Thank-offerings. — 1 Chron. 29 : 14. 
The Result of Giving to God.— Matt. 
3:10. How to Honor God.— Prov. 
3:9, 10. The Blessedness of the 
Liberal Man. — Prov. 11 : 25. 

Third. Make a special effort to 
have good music. A good address, 
soul-stirring music, and earnest pray- 
ers in behalf of the college can not 
fail of results. 

In addition to the above, a very 
interesting exercise may be prepared 
by the young people, either the Sun- 
day-school or the Y. P. C. U. 

Short addresses may be delivered 
or essays read by capable persona. 
In many congregations there are such 



as have been students at the College 
and could prepare interesting and 
instructive papers. The following 
themes for such addresses are sug- 
gested. The enterprising pastor will 
think of others. 

Why Should We Educate ? 

The Difficulties of acquiring an 

Learned Men of the Bible. 

Our Church Schools. 

Why Should Girls Go to College? 

The Church and Higher Education. 

College Revivals. 

In addition to these, a paper on 
the history and work of Lebanon 
Valley College could be read ; a Bi- 
ble reading on "Wisdom" or "Thank- 
offerings," prepared by the pastor or 
other competent person, would be in 
order. A few recitations by the 
children or young people on some 
topic appropriate to the day will add 
interest. Do not forget the music. 
Make it a special feature. The fol- 
lowing from the Otterbein Hymnal 
will be very suitable : Nos. 5, 13, 15, 
26, 27, 404, 414, 417, 435, 545 ; or 
from Hymns for the Sanctuary : 817, 
829, 831, 833, or others from the 
church or Sunday-school book on 
the subject of praise or church work. 
Always remember that the offering 
is to be a part of the service. While 
the object of the day is to increase 
the interest in the educational work 
of the church, the offering for the 
benefit of Lebanon Valley College 
should not be made secondary. 

Properly conducted the day will 
be a delightful and withal a profitable 
one to the church and Sunday-school. 
It may require work, but that is the 
only way to succeed. 

There should be a collection in the 
Sabbath-school. The children will 
be delighted to give their mites. It 
will cause them to become interested 
in the College. 

Objections to Observing College 

Objections ? Of course there are. 
There are at least two great ones and 
several lesser ones. The one great 
one is to be mentioned first, the lesser 
ones next, and the other great one 

1. " There are too many collections 
to be taken and too many special 
interests to be presented ; the people 
will not submit to this being added 
to the list." The people object. 
That is the way the case seems to 
stand, and yet I have asked in more 
serious moments: "Does it really 
stand that way?" "Do the people 
object or do J object ?" and from ex- 
perience I have concluded that the 
objection is the preacher's rather 
than the people's. But if the preacher 
still is convinced that the people op- 

pose his observing College Day, let 
him consider what part of it they 
oppose. Do they object to the offer- 
ing? Yes. Do they object to the 
educational address or sermon ? No. 
Well, then let us make the address 
or preach the sermon. The church 
needs some of that kind of instruc- 
tion very much. Our people need to 
see that education is as much a de* 
partment of church work in the 
present condition of things as is the 
Missionary or Sunday-school work, 
and is as much in need of contribu- 
tion for its support ; for the educa- 
tional institutions either of our own 
or of any other church can not live 
without free-will offerings from the 
people. For right views on educa- 
tional matters the church is depen- 
dent almost wholly on its preachers ; 
so that a preacher, to do his whole 
duty by the church of his choice, 
must sometimes speak of her educa- 
tional interests. Now, why is not 
College Day as seasonable time as 
any other? and the people won't 
object to having the plate passed 
after the sermon (the regular collec- 
tion for the service) with the under- 
standing that whatever is gathered 
will be sent to Lebanon Valley Col- 

2. " A collection on my charge or 
field would amount to so little that 
it wouldn't be worth the sending." 
A dollar is worth as much to the col- 
lege as to an individual, and that 
amounts to a good deal to a man 
without a supper and a night's lodg- 
ing. Besides, however small the 
amount, it will do the cause, and the 
people who give, as much good as 
the college. A man can not give 
five cents *to a cause thoughtfully 
without taking new interest in it. 

3. " I don't have the material on 
hand to make an interesting educa- 
tional address or sermon." A min- 
ister is wanting a good deal of being 
an able defender and promoter of his 
own church who doesn't have that 
kind of material in stock, and will 
want to inform himself. He will 
have no better opportunity to gather 
up this information, without taking 
time from his regular duties, than in 
preparing for his College Day ser- 

4. " It comes too near Children's 
Day " and " Church Erection Day " 
(in some conferences). That is to 
be regretted. Another date for Col- 
lege Day would be better. But 
doubtless the people will welcome an 
educational sermon at this busy sea- 
son as well as another. And since 
the day is appointed, let the preacher 
do his duty, and the people as they 
deem right. Is not the nearness of 
Children's Day, after all, a small ob- 
jection ? There is no heavy collec- 
tion connected with it, and there are 
no weeks nor even days of prepara- 



tion needed for the College Day. t jj e 

5. " The college is in an unsteady fou 
condition just now, while removal is I 
being agitated, and there is no use ver ^ 
putting money into it." This objec. try 
tion is likely to seem the greatest do 
this year. But to me it seems the t> es1 
least valid of all, and should the 
rather be reason for a rousing Day all 
over the territory. Why should the 
people withhold support when the 
college needs it most ? What is the 
college ? It is an institution within 
the church, organized by it, and 
chartered with corporate rights and tain 
obligations ; it is the whole eastern wit! 
church engaged in business under T 
the laws and amenable to the courts acts 
of Pennsylvania. And, what is the to t 
church ? It is a body of people or- kite 
ganized under the name of Christ, cak( 
for the avowed purpose of destroy- Trit 
ing sin and establishing righteous- of t 
ness in Pennsylvania, Maryland, seen 
Virginia and the world. Surely then the 
this organization will not be faith- for { 
less in its business transactions In 
through its corporate institution, duct 
the college. If it is faithless, it roms 
heaps shame upon the cause and whic 
name of the Christ whose glory it Quig; 
claims to seek. And it will be faith- tive 
less if it does not pay its legal debts, grac 
and if it fails to keep its contracts, lage 
and allows the part of Christ's king- Steh 
dom which it claims to represent, to hear 
be pronounced guilty in the courts cont 
of men. Debts ? And the church hear 
must pay them or be pronounced quiel 
guilty ? Yes, every cent. And who unde 
is the church ? You and I, and every merr 
man and woman of accountability in Miss 
the territory, who has thrown his lot maid 
in with the church. And are we all perfc 
responsible ? Yes, every man and Stric 
woman of us. That is the state of Tb 
the case. When are we going toallac 
pay? Had we not better pay asentir 
much as we can this College Day land 
There, for instance, are the men and belie 
women whom we hired to do the teach- whos 
ing, and who are depending entirely == 
upon our honesty in the transaction 
to live and support their families.——^ 
They have been giving all their at-ciety' 
tention to the instruction of our~~ 
children. We have been paying tul ^ 
tion and board for our children, but -Mr. 
that has not brought sufficient in-' ine 1 
come to discharge our obligations to Mr 
these teachers under the contract moth 
Would it not be best, before God, atmidd 
least to pay the teachers what we g r , 
owe them at this College Day ? Ho^atten 
much would that be ? About $3000^ ze t e 
We might as well pay it now as any ^ g 
other time. But we are not able to 


lit th( 

pay. Who says it? God's court,, 
will not pronounce us unable »»- p 
guiltless until every man and wom^V 1 . 
in the territory is bankrupt. TiH ve <T 
present condition of the colleger' 
then, instead of being an objectionf^ 
is the best reason for making this ^ r 


lv - the most rousing College Day of the 
steady four, 
oval is I am impressed that this is all a 
no use veI T ser i° us matter that we ought to 
objec. try to get God's view of it. Let us 
reatest do a ^ things to the honor of that 
best of names — the last of these 
words: United Brethren in Christ. 

U. B. 

ns the 
Id the 
)ay all 
dd the 
en the 
, is the 

Rebecca's Triumph. 

The Chapel was comfortably filled 
March 14th, to witness Rebecca's 
t, and Triumph. Our amateur actors cer- 
ts and tainly deserved the hearty applause 
sastern with which they were greeted 
under The drama is composed of three 
courts acts. In the first, we are introduced 
is the to the cooking club at work in the 
pie or- kitchen, compounding a wonderful 
Christ, cake from a recipe called " Rebecca's 
sstroy. Triumph." Some of the best acting 
iteous. of the evening was given in this 
'yland, scene. An interesting character was 
ly then the proverbial maiden lady looking 

faith- for a husband, 
ictions In the second act we have intro- 
bution, duced the mystery upon which the 
ess, it romance hinges, the solution of 
e and which terminates the drama. Miss 
lory it Quigley, as Meg, did some very effec- 
i faith- tive acting. Miss Forney performed 
debts, gracefully the part of Beccie, the vil- 
tracts, lage teacher. Misses Brightbill and 
s king- Stehman, as Katie and Gyp, elicited 
ent, to hearty applause by their various 
courts controversies. Mrs. Quillop won all 
church hearts by her gentle dignity and 
>unced quiet self-sacrifice. Few recognized 
id who under the sober cap and gown the 
I every merry school girl Minnie Weinman, 
ility in Miss Wallace made an excellent old 
his lot maid. The vindictive sister was 
we all performed very creditably by Miss 
n and Strickler. 

tate of The girls who composed the club 
ing to all acquitted themselves nobly. The 
jay as entire performance showed careful 
i Day land conscientious work and was, we 
en and believe, fully appreciated by all 
; teach- whose privilege it was to be present, 
ntirely === == 

saction PERSONALS, 
milies. — - 

,pir at- pJt^?7 ani »°ancement Q f Personals in So- 
teir avciety Items will not be reseated taere.l 

>f our 


ng tui Prof. Spangler filled the pulpit for 
m, but Mr-. Washinger, at Harrisburg, on 
ent in- tn e 12th inst. 
ions to Mrs. Prof. Goho visited 
ntract mother, Mrs. Mouer, during 
Jod, atmiddle of the month. 

fwl 6 *? r °- D ' Weidman, of Lincoln, Pa., 
aonnn ended the anniversary of the Kai- 
fdouu-ozetean Literary Society. 

Rev. I. H. Albright attended the 
Executive Committee 
9th inst. 

Rev. A. P. Funkhouser will de- 

able to 

™urt neetin g of the Ex ecu1 
.le McT the C ° lle S e on the 
womXV >r - Rev - A - P - Punkt.. 

T*H lver tne honorary oration of the P. 
S. Anniversary on thp Avpnino- nf 

Anniversary on the evening of 
ectionf 1 ^ l8t - 
g this Mr «- Bierman delivered the annual 

,0lleg >ay lit 

address at the Pennsylvania Branch 
Missionary Society, on the 15th 
inst., at Chambersburg. 

Misses Forney, Landis and Steffy 
were delegates to the East Pennsyl- 
vania Branch of the Women's Mis- 
sionary Society, at Reading. 

President Bierman will lecture be- 
fore the faculty and students of 
Schuylkill Seminary, Fredericks- 
burg, Pa., on the evening of May 21 


The one-hundredth anniversary of 
the adoption of the New Constitution 
of Poland, which guaranteed the 
civil and political rights of that 
people, is to be celebrated in New 
York by all the Polish societies in 
the United States on May 4th. 

Governor Pattison has issued a 
proclamation designating April loth 
and May 1st to be observed as Arbor 

Two prizes of 1200 and 800 gulden 
for the best model of a monument to 
Dante, has been offered. 

Miss Sophia G. Hayden of Boston, 
won the $1000 prize offered for the 
best design for the Woman's Build- 
ings of the World's Fair. Miss Lois 
L. Howe, also of Boston, took the 
second prize, $500, and Miss Laura 
Hayes, of Chicago, the $250 offered 
for the third best design. 

Dr. Jordan, the recently appointed 
President of Leland University, will 
receive $12,000 a year, the largest 
salary of any college President in 

Mr. Biles, an English expert, be- 
fore the British Council of Naval 
Architects, in speaking of the general 
workmanship and detai Is of A merican 
cruisers, says they are equal to Eng- 
land's, and adds: "The fastest of 
them are faster than anything in the 
cruiser line John Bull now has afloat; 
while the armament of the new bat- 
tle-ships is more powerful than that 
of any ship of the same class yet 
turned out on the European side of 
the Atlantic." This will be news to 
some well-informed Americans. 


All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

The problems of the March Forum 
interested a number of our readers. 
Solutions were freely received and 
were generally correct. Let the in- 
terest continue to grow. Now one 
request — will not our friends and 
contributors indicate in some way 
whether the problems given are too 
easy ? We aim to furnish what will 
interest the average student, not the 
specialist, and could make them 

more difficult if desired. We will 
be glad for problems, such as are 
interesting and of medium grade. 

We have several solutions to each 
of the problems of last month; when 
they differ materially we give two. 
Examine them and criticise if you 
do not agree. 

The " deer " question was solved 
by at least four different persons, all 
correct but one who insisted that the 
deer weighed 120 lbs. No. 74 is 
solved in several ways. I give the 
solutions in the order received. 


No. 73. 

100% = Actual cost. 
120%= " Selling price. 
100% + $49 = Supposed cost. 
85% of (100% + $49) = 85% -f $41.65 
actual selling price. 
.-. 120% =85% +$41.65 
35% =$41.65 
1% =$1.19 
100% =$119 
.*. Cost of goods is $119. 

Geo. S. Fisher, 
Jamestown, N. D. 
This was also solved by Mr. Clippinger, 
method substantially the same. The fol- 
lowing may be preferred: 
100% = Cost 
120% = Selling price 
100% + $49 = Conditional cost 
120% + 15% of (100% + $49) = Con. C. 
.-. 100% + $49 = 120% + 15% of (100% 
+ $49) 

35% — $41.65 
1 % = $1.19 
100% =. $119, Cost of goods. 
R. H, Wagoner. 

Westerville, Ohio. 
The following algebraic solution is 

Let x — Cost 

~ — - Selling price 

x + 49 — 

& (x + 49) 

20a? + 980 — 24x — 3* + 147 

— Ix 833 

* — $119, Cost. 

J. M. Herr, 
Annville, Pa. 
No. 74. 

If 12 men do the work in 8| days, 1 
man will do it in 106 days, and in 1 day 
he will do T £ v of it. If 3 men leave, 9 
men will do J of it, then ^ remains to be 
done by 10 men, and they will do ffi of it 
in 1 day, hence it will take them J X V» 
= 2^| days, and the three men may be 
absent 8| — 2|f — 6H days. 

W. G. Clippinger, 

Lurgan, Pa. 
Here is a brief solution by our Buckeye 
friend — Mr. Wagoner. 

The 10 men when they return must do 
that part which the 3 men could do in 
8 1 days or 1 man in 26£ days, and the 10 
men in 26£ 10 — 2|$ days, therefore 
the 3 men remain away 8f — 2£$— 6JJ 

No. 75. 

By the conditions of the problem £ of 
what B does equals what A does, and f 
of what B does equals what C dies; 
therefore £ of what B does plus $ of 
what B does plus once what B does equals 
f£ of what B does or what they all do. 
The money each receives is as the work 
done, hence $ J of what B receives equals 
$61, f$ of what B receives is of $61 or 



$20, £ of what B receives equals $25, A's 
share ; $ of B's equals |16 or C's share. 
W. G. Clippingek, 

Lurgan, Pa. 

No. 76. 

By the conditions of the problem 
130 = £f of the entire weight 
190 = ||" " " 

Now they change places and 190 lbs. 
balances the 130 lbs. and deer. Hence 
190 lbs. equals \\ of the lighter man and 
deer, $ equals 14& lbs., and |f or the 
weight on the other end of the rail equals 
277t» 3 lbs., weight of lighter man and deer. 
Hence deer equals 277 T 9 3 — 130 — 147 T V 

John A. Shoemaker, 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

This was also solved by Mr. Wagoner 
and Mr. Clippinger, method much the 
same. An algebraic solution by Mr. 
Wagoner is very neat. 


No. 77. 

A grindstone 4 feet in diameter has 
been worn off 4 inches all around. Al- 
lowing that the portion of the stone 
within 5 inches of the center is of no 
value, what % of the stone has been 
No. 78. 

A merchant's retail price yields a profit 
of 25 %. If he discounts 10% at whole- 
sale, what per cent, does he gain at 
wholesale ? 
No. 79. 

Two-thirds of my journey was made 
by railroad at the rate of 25 miles an 
hour, and the rest by stage at 6 miles an 
hour. The time occupied was 3 hours 
and 42 minutes. Find the distance. 

Clionian Literary Socifty. 

Virtute et Fide. 

The following officers have been 
elected for the term : 

President — Miss Burtner. 

Vice-President — Miss Strickler. 

Treasurer — Miss Grove. 

Secretary — Miss Weinman. 

Critic — Miss Forney. 

Chaplain — Miss Landis. 

Organist — Miss Bowman. 
- Where some of the girls spent 
their vacation : Miss Wallace, at her 
home in Chambersburg ; Miss Ella 
Saylor, with Miss Carrie Smith, at 
White Hall ; Miss Steffy with Miss 
Landis, at Hummelstown; Miss Wal- 
mer, at Philadelphia. 

Miss Brindel enjoyed a visit from 
her father during vacation. She was 
also the happy recipient of a box of 
goodies, to which all the girls did full 

Miss Weinman, who was called 
home on account of the illness of her 
mother and sister, has not yet re- 
turned. We trust they will soon be 
well enough to permit her return. 

We miss the faces of Miss Coons 
and Smith from our midst. We are 
sorry to lose them, but hope that 
whatever their undertaking may be 
that success will follow them. 

The Misses Kreider, Steffy and 
Forney attended the Missionary 
meeting held at Reading, on the 7th. 

Miss Ella Musser spent several 
days with Miss Quigley, last term. 

The drama was a success ; the 
actors executed their parts in a very 
commendable manner, some of them 
calling forth repeated applause. It 
was a success from a financial stand- 
point also ; the amount cleared was, 
$74.73. They have been asked to 
repeat it and will do so at an early 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

We have again gladly welcomed 
the Spring Term. This is the most 
enjoyable of the three. Each day 
beauty is being added to nature. 
The birds have greeted us with their 
cheery notes, and in fact everything 
seems to be praising their Maker. 

The students who spent the short 
Spring vacation at home have re- 
turned better fitted to enter upon the 
work with renewed zeal. 

Prof. E. O. Burtner made a short 
visit to Annville lately. An evening 
was spent together very profitably 
conversing upon school matters. 

Rev. W. H. Artz spent vacation 
in Reading, Pa., visiting his sister 
and friends. He reports a grand 
time. Many points of interest were 
visited, making his trip beneficial. 

Mr. H. B. Yohn was also at home 
recruiting over vacation. From his 
look and conversation we would say 
he was greatly refreshed. Since his 
return he seems to be endowed with 
an indefatigable determination to 
make this the most successful term. 
May your anticipations be realized 
is our desire. 

Mr. H. H. Sloat is again with us. 
Mr. Sloat has been teaching school 
the past winter near York, Pa. We 
are glad to see him in the active 
work. He is active and energetic, 
and will make another good debater 
in our ranks. 

Mr. Morris Reider, who was a 
student in the Institution in the 
Spring of '88, also adds another to 
our number. Mr. Reider is an earn- 
est and thorough student, and we 
bespeak for him a prosperous term. 

We received a letter from Mr. J. 
A. Shoemaker a few days since. It 
was very interesting, giving us an 
idea of his work. He is still exam- 
ining " Abstract Titles." He spoke 
of one especially which took unusual 
effort to get in correct shape, but by 
persistent sticktuitiveness it was 
consummated. We are glad his motto 
is f determinate omnia vincit." By 
continual contact with sharp and 

exact business men he is gaining 
much practical knowledge which will 
be of great benefit. 

During the past month we have 
had very interesting sessions. Ques- 
tions discussed were : Resolved, 
That the workings of the 51st Con- 
gress were beneficial to the country, 
and that the killing of the members 
of the Mafia by citizens of New Or- 
leans was justifiable. These were 
especially well brought out. Ad- 
dresses upon American Fiction, 
Ideal Education, The Influence 
Booth and Barrett have exerted in 
the dramatic world, and others, were 
entertaining. By the combined en- 
deavors of both new and old stu- 
dents, we shall make this term one 
to be long remembered. Let us be 
true to our motto and success will 
crown our efforts. 

The invitations sent out by the 
Society have been highly compli- 
mented by competent judges. The 
inviation was a special design gotten 
up expressly for the Society by a 
Philadelphia firm. 

Kalozetean Anniversary. 

The fourteenth year of the Kalo- 
zetean Literary Society was brought 
to a successful issue in an anniver- 
sary of superior merit on Friday 
evening, April 10th. The week of 
sunshine had given way to a day 
foreboding rain, but fortunately for 
those interested the omens were not 
fulfilled until the entertainment had 
come to a successful close. 

At half-past seven o'clock, the 
time set for the opening of the exer- 
cises, the audience had gathered and 
the officers and performers were 
ushered to their respective places 
upon the rostrum, which had been 
tastily, though not elaborately, deco- 
rated under the direction of the 
teacher in art. In the recess of the 
rostrum hung the banner of the so- 
ciety with name and motto ; below 
this a landscape painting and at 
either side of the recess plaques in 
frames of red and blue plush ; in the 
windows of the rear rostrum were 
the busts of Plato and Demosthe- 
nes, the inspiration of the evening. 
On the rostrum floor were distrib- 
uted several parlor rugs and mats, 
a parlor suit, the official suit of the 
society, the piano and a few choice 

Mr. S. J. Evers, who occupied the 
president's chair, at the proper time 
tendered a hearty welcome to all 
present, after which the following han( 
programme was rendered : rant 

INVOCATION, Rev. H. B. Spayd. beer 

VOCAL SOLO, "The Song That Reached My fcj^ 

Heart,"... Julian Jordan. 

Rev. J. H. VonNieda. ; Wor 

VOCAL SOLO, "Where the Lindens Bloom,'| the 

Dudley JBuckl . 

S. J. Evers. j 8hal 

ORATION, "Our Nation the Jewel of Cre-1 jyfl 

ation," E. L. Hbrshby 








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ESSAY, "Bide on Oyer all Obstacles aDd Win 

the Race," E. L. Haak. 

V0CAI. DUET, "Love and War,"...r. Cooke. 

Messrs. J. H. VowNieda and S. J. Evers. 
ORATION, ' Defense of Erin,". .G. D. Needy. 


VOCAL SOLO, "Farewell Marguerite," 

Q. Boardman. 
Rev. J. H. VonNieda. 
ORATION, God in History,. .. .Rev. J. G. W. 

VOCAL SOLO, "My Queen," Blumenthal. 

S. J. Evers. 

Mr. Hershey delivered an inter- 
esting oration, in which he present- 
ed the superior natural resources of 
our country, the advanced intelli- 
gence, genius and religion of her 
citizens, the excellence of her na- 
tional polity and political institu- 
tions and her unexcelled civilization. 
America has the elements of indu- 
rance, and though younger than the 
nations of Europe, she has never- 
theless outstripped all of them in 
national importance and influence. 

Mr. Haak, '92, in the introduction 
to his essay, said : "Life is a voyage 
in which all are voyagers." The 
thought was maintained throughout 
that life is a reality and he who would 
reach the haven of honor and suc- 
cess must, in every day of his life, 
be characterized by strong will, en- 
ergy, perseverance, tact and intense 
activity. He who is given to idle- 
ness and indifferance will have his 
ultimate in a state of moral coma. 
Men in every calling, "ride on over 
all obstacles and win the race," not 
by what latent powers may be stored 
up in muscle, brain and mind, but 
rather by the energy generated by 
the constant and healthful employ- 
ment of these powers. 

Mr. Needy, '94, in his oration gave 
in outline the history of Erin from 
the earliest times. Ireland was a 
repositoiy of learning and intelli- 
gence centuries before England had 
wholly risen from barbarism. Her 
people fostered the wholesome teach- 
ings of the noble and pious St. Pat- 
rick, and so deeply were they im- 
planted in the Irish nature that their 
influence is still felt among this 
noble people. Here during the 
"Dark Ages" were preserved, in the 
monasteries, in careful Latin, the 
Bible and writings of the early 
poets, and here existed a " civiliza- 
tion which the rising glory of Eng- 
land could not equal for many cen- 
turies." But for all these Ireland 
has suffered without consideration, 
her citizens have been murdered, 
their homes plundered and all along 
visited by wrong, cruelty, tyranny 
and oppression. English u Land- 
lordism " is her curse and when the 
hand of protest was raised this ty- 
rant cried it down. "Contempt has 
been bestowed upon her at all times, 
kindness never." The philanthropic 
world should raise its hands against 
the oppressor and declare "Ireland 
shall be free." 
Mr. Evers, '91, in his review of the 

books of the year just past, gave as 
an introduction a general survey of 
the productions in the "Literary 
World." One magazine showed the 
record of 1890 to have been four 
thousand five hundred and fifty-nine 
books, the greater part of which was 
mere trash demanded by those who 
have not a cultivated literary taste. 
In the essay proper he made the 
following divisions : History, Bio- 
graphy, Fiction, Travels, Social 
Economy and Theology, after which 
he reviewed in brief the " History 
of Civilization," b}' Morris,the "Biog- 
raphy of Frances Wayland, " "The 
Autobiography of Jos. Jefferson," 
"The Anglomaniacs," "The Light 
that Failed," " In Darkest Africa," 
"In Darkest England," " God in 
His World," and "The Greatest 
Thing in the World." The review 
was neatly and tastily arranged and 
was concluded by a quotation from 
Ruskin, in which he says: "The 
good book of the hour is simply the 
useful or pleasant talk of some 
person, printed for you," and " We 
ought to be ashamed if we make no 
good use of them." 

The oration by Mr. Herold show- 
ed evidences of historical knowledge 
and research. It began by saying : 
" The God of the Bible is the God of 
History." " The leading events of 
the nations are known to Him before 
they are fulfilled." He showed how 
by the wise purposes of God the 
nations of the past have been made 
to rise and fall as predicted in the 
prophecies of Daniel. All served an 
important place, whether righteous 
or unrighteous, in the preparation of 
the world for Christ and for the day 
when the kingdoms of earth are to 
become the kingdoms of God and 
His Christ. America is the final 
link in the chain of history from the 
earliest times to the institution of the 
" kingdom formed without hands." 
The oration was well received by 
those present. 

The music was of special merit as 
pronounced by those competent to 
judge. And when it is remembered 
that it was prepared in but a few 
days' time the gentlemen deserve the 
greater credit, as does also their 
director, Miss Eby, the teacher of 
voice in the college. 

On the whole y\ e may say the four- 
teenth anniversary of the Kalozetean 
Literary Society was a decided 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse Quam Videri." 

During the short Easter vacation 
some of our members enjoyed the 
pleasures of home for a few days. 
One of them, H. B. Roop, of High- 
spire, Pa., seems to have had both 

pain and pleasure. While walking 
on one of the streets of Middletown, 
he was attacked by a large canine. 
A contest followed, in which Harry 
came out victorious. As a gentle 
reminder of the encounter, he carried 
with him a torn overcoat. 

G. D. Mouer, of Chambersburg, 
Pa., did not return this term. He 
intends to continue preparatory 
work at the Academy in his town, 
after which he will return to Leba- 
non Valley College for a full col- 
legiate course. 

We are glad to have a number of 
old members with us this term. It 
is pleasant to renew old associations 
as well as to form new ties of friend- 

We received two new members 
into our ranks on Friday evening, 
the 3d inst., Messrs John Wallace, 
of Norfolk, Va., and G. H. Stein, of 
Annville Pa. 

H. W. Crider spent a very pleas- 
ant time at Oakville, Pa., between 
winter and spring terms. 

Dr. M. L. Hershey, of Derry 
Church, Pa., ably represents Dau- 
phin county in the State Legisla- 

W. E. Heilman, who was teaching 
during the winter near Sheaffers- 
town, is again enjoying the advan- 
tages of society work. 

Messrs. D. J. Hetrick and J. G. 
Horner, of Progress, Pa., have re- 
turned for another spring term's 
work. Time and change have dealt 
kindly with them since they were 
last with us. 

W. R. Keller, class '90, recently 
closed a successful term of school 
work as teacher of the Grammar 
School, at Richland, Pa. He took 
an active part in the literary society 
at that place. He was their honored 
president for three successive terms. 

Our anniversary will be held on 
Friday evening, May 1st. These oc- 
casions are red letter days in our 
history, and we are always glad to 
have our friends with us. 

John T. Miller, character imper- 
sonator and humorist, gave us a good 
entertainment on the evening of the 
19th ult. The audience was highly 
pleased. As a dialect and character 
impersonator he is a decided success. 

We extend our sincere and heart- 
felt thanks to all our friends for their 
patronage during the lecture course. 

At the recent election of officers, 
S. C. Huber was chosen president. 


The following exchanges are 
among the number of our regular 
and welcome visitors. Their contents 
are read with much interst by the 
patrons of the Reading Room. 

The College Ensign comes to us 



from Woodridge College, and proves 
that our friends on the Pacific coast 
are earnestly and successfully labor- 
ing to keep abreast with the times. 

Sioux Falls University of S. D. 
is represented by The Stylus, in a 
worthy manner. We find in its col- 
umns topics worthy the attention of 
all interested in higher education. 

The Hartsville College Index con- 
tains many articles which help to in- 
spire the student to more earnest ef- 

The Church Visitor published by 
the Derry St. U. B. Church, Harris- 
burg, and edited by D. D. Lowery, 
our former pastor, is a most valuable 
paper, filled with articles of interest 
to all church workers. 

The Conference Journal comes to 
us this month greatly enlarged. We 
are glad to note this progress and 
hope that its usefulness may increase 

The F. P. C. U. Herald shows by 
the Topics for Discussion" that the 
Young Peoples' Christian Union of 
the first U. B. Church, York, Pa., 
which it represents, is doing a grand 
work for the young people of York. 


The New England Magazine for April 
contains several notable articles, on sub- 
jects which cannot but interest, not only 
New Englanders, but Americans all the 
world over. The initial article of the 
number is "The United States Patent 
System," by James Shepard. Mr. Shep- 
ard makes a strong plea for better facili- 
ties and a larger staff than have hitherto 
existed in this much overburdened depart- 
ment of the government. In "Canadian 
Art and Artists," W. Blackburn Harte 
shows the growth of the art life in Can- 
ada, and reveals incidentally the strange 
public indifference toward art which pre- 
vails in the commercial centres of the Do- 
minion. "The University of France" 
is a well written and timely article, by 
Professor W. L. Montague of Amherst 
College, upon the gigantic scheme of na- 
tional education which the French Re- 
public has inaugurated. There is much 
which could be borrowed with advantage 
by the American and English govern- 
ments alike from this magnificent work 
for posterity. "Personal Recollections 
of Schliemann," is a gossipy paper, full 
of amusing anecdotes of the great archae- 
ologist, especially interesting at this time. 
"Hopedale and its Founder" is an ac- 
count of Adin Ballou, and the founding 
and failure of his famous communistic 
experiment. The Rev. Lewis G. Wilson, 
the author of the paper, has had access 
to all existing records, and has most con- 
scientiously performed his task. The 
article is illustrated with portraits of 
Adin Ballou and his noble wife. "The 
Later History of Electricity," by George 
Herbert Stockbridge, deals with the work 
of living leaders in the world of electrical 
science, and contains fine portraits of 
Edison, Thomson, Field, and Weston. 
"The History of Historical Writing in 
America," by Prof. J. F. Jameson, Ph. 
D., is the fourth of a very instructive se- 
ries on this subject. Granville B. Put- 
nam writes entertainingly upon " Winter 
Birds in New England," and there are 
several interesting short stories and po 

ems. "A Fair Exchange," Dorothy 
Prescott's serial, is continued, and its in- 
terest increases. 


One of the most famous pictures of the 
world has been engraved by Mr Cole for 
the frontispiece of the April Century, the 
Mona Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci. This is 
in The Centuky's series of old masters, 
engraved immediately from the originals 
in the galleries of Europe. Two other 
examples of Leonardo accompany Mr. 
Stillman's article on this master. 

In the California series Mr. Julius H. 
Pratt gives a graphic description of the 
emigration to California by way of Pana- 
ma in '49. In this connection is a paper 
of great historical value by the late Gen. 
J. C. Fremont on his own part in the 
"Conquest of California." 

Life in another war prison, at the North, 
is described by a Confederate soldier, 
Dr. John A. Wyeth, now of New York 
City. He shows that "Cold Cheer at 
Camp Morton, " Indianapolis, included 
hardships bordering on the worst phases 
of cold and hunger. 

Mrs. Amelia Gere Mason's papers on 
the "Women of the French Salons" are 
supplemented in this number by an ac- 
count of the "Salons of the Revolution 
and Empire." Mrs. Mason will conclude 
her essays in the May Century, 

In this number The Century's Moun- 
tain Climbing series, appropriate to the 
summer season, is begun, with papers on 
two separate expeditions to Mt. St. Elias, 
one expedition being that of Lieutenant 
Schwatka, and the other that of the Na- 
tional Geographical Society and the U. S. 
Geological Survey. 

"Fetishism in Congo Land" is an 
interesting contribution to a great sub- 
ject by Mr. E. J. Glave, one of Stanley's 
pioneer officers. ' ' The Wordsworths and 
De Quincey" is the title of a very inter- 
esting paper of literary biography con- 
taining unpublished letters of the poet 
and of the opium-eater; one of Words- 
worth's to the young De Quincey is par- 
ticularly interesting and has some advice 
to youth which is applicable quite as 
much in our own day as it was in the 
early part of the century. In a paper on 
" Washington and Frederick the Great, " 
Mr. Moncure D. Conway does away with 
the century-old myth concerning the 
alleged relations between the two great 
commanders. Mr. Conway comes to the 
conclusion that so far from Frederick the 
Great having given Washington a sword, 
no gift was ever sent by Frederick the 
Great to the American general, and "he 
never recognized in any remark the great- 
ness of Washington." 

The fiction of the number is very di- 
versified, including a new installment of 
Dr. Eggleston's "Faith Doctor;" a story 

"There were Ninety and Nine," by 
Richard Harding Davis; the conclusioi 
of Hopkinson Smith's "Colonel Carter 
of Cartersville ; " a timely and novel story 
by Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, entitled 
"Herr von Striempfell's Experiment;" 
and "A Race Romance" by Maurice 
Thompson, the last of a series of three 
short stories, "with a purpose," by this 
well-known writer. 

* » 

" The Brazen Android " is the curious 
title of a story in two parts, by the late 
William Douglas O'Connor, which has 
the place of honor in the Atlantic for 
April. It is a story of old London, and 
its ancient life is wonderfully reconstruct- 
ed by the vivid imagination of the author. 
Mr. Stockton's "House of Martha" 
continues in its usual rollicking fashion 
for three more chapters, and Mr. Low- 
ell's traveler pursues his way through 
"Noto : An unexplored corner of Ja- 
pan." Francis Parkman's second paper 
on f ' The Capture of Louisbourg by the 
New England Militia " is marked by the 
skill and care which Mr. Parkman de- 
votes to everything which he writes. One 
of the most important papers in the num- 
ber is "Prehistoric Man on the Pacific 
Coast," by Professor George Frederick 
Wright, of Oberlin, in which he gives us 
the results of his investigations on the 
subject of the Nampa Image. The Hon. 
S. G. W. Benjamin, for some years Uni- 
ted States Minister to Persia, has a timely 
consideration of "The Armenians and 
the Porte." 


B. Bk 
H. Cr. 
Key. . 

A. H. 
Miss S 

Miss ( 

Miss J 
Miss 1 

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5 and 

Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. IV. No. 5. 

ANNVILLE, PA., MAY, 1891. 

Whole No. 41. 



K. i.enj. Biebman, A. M., President. 
H. Ci-ay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor ot Greek. 
Kev. J. T. Spangler, A. P.., de Facto. 

Professor of Greek, 
A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Mover, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 


Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Kev. W. H. Washinger, 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 


H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



$ "AS- 
of the 

lan oi 
•fits in 
es the 

me on 

is su- 

ipany. The June number will not be 
't. issued till after commencement. 

Our May issue was delayed to 
contain a full programme of com- 

On the 7th of May it was twenty- 
five years since Lebanon Valley Col- 
^|L. le ge was opened for instruction. It 
^jwas not till the following April that 
^ the College was chartered with the 
fuli powers of a college. 

f£**£k< A LIVE P eo P le are a missionary 
it fs g Fiov>eople. A live church is a spiritual 

but send f 

oneer c|nurcli. A spiritual church praises 

ose senc^ - . r 

e N n y. = ° m son £ s » witn P ra .yei' and pos- 
1 ' ';essions. A dead church is one 
rvhich receives and never gives, 

During the recent meeting of the 
Board of Directors of our Seminary, 
Rev. J. W. E*tter, D. D., Class '72, 
editor of the Quarterly Review, was 
elected to the chair of Theology. 
This appointment will meet the ap- 
proval of the entire church, because 
of the doctor's scholarship and ex- 
emplary Christian character. 

The death angel has again entered 
the ranks of the alumni and called 
home Mrs. Mollie Jaquith, of Des 
Moines, Iowa. In twenty-one years, 
from 1870 to 1891, the necrology of 
the alumni has been five, that of 
Mrs. Clemmie Nagle, in 1880; Rev. 
Joseph Osborn and Prof. W. H. 
Bodenhour, in 1889 ; Rev. John K. 
Fisher, in 1890, and Mrs. Mollie 
Jaquith, in 1891. 

The Pennsylvania Conference at 
its recent session decided to hold 
several mass meetings in the interest 
of the college and higher Christian 
culture. A committee was appoint- 
ed to carry into effect the resolution. 
Perhaps no better time and place 
could be selected than that such a 
meeting be held at the different 
camp-meetings. The church has no 
interest of greater importance than 
its educational work, and more es- 
pecially than the establishment of 
Lebanon Valley College. If special 
programmes be arranged, the meet- 
ings can be made most helpful to the 
college. It is somebody's fault that 
our people know so little of our col- 
lege, and what it has done. Is it 
mine ? Let all answer. 

The meeting of the Presiding 
Elders in 1888 was called to devise 
plans how they might aid the college. 
They passed a code of rules for their 
government. Rule V. reads as fol- 
lows : " The annual meeting shall 
be at such time and place in the 

month of June, as may be decided 
upon from time to time. " As far as we 
can learn but one meeting was held, 
that in June, 1888. This waning of 
interest by our Elders has had its 
effect — disastrous we fear. It should 
not be so. They should be the most 
zealous and give a stimulus to our 
work. They are expected to be on 
the aggressive and give direction. 
Overcrowding of duties may account 
for this apathy, but the college has 
suffered because of it. Could not 
there be a meeting during commence- 
ment week? Visits among our 
people have exemplified their willing- 
ness to contribute to the college. 
They are interested, and are glad for 
an opportunity to help their college. 
The wants of the college have not 
been presented to the people as they 
should be, and to some, not at all. 
It is my candid belief that if the 
matter be laid faithfully and plainly 
before our people, the day of small 
things will be passed. Our people 
are proud of their church and her in- 
terests. To see their college in debt, 
without the necessary equipments 
that their sons and daughters may 
have the best possible training, would 
wound their pride and cause them to 

It will be the delight of the East- 
ern wing of the church to have a col- 
lege with all the modern improve- 
ments, ample endowment and free 
from all indebtedness. The church 
is ready. Amen. 

Commencement Week Exercises. 

Sunday, June 14, 1891. 

10 A. M. — Baccalaureate Sermon 
by Rev. J. P. Landis, Ph.D., D. D., 
of Union Biblical Seminary, Dayton, 

2 P. M — Graduating Exercises of 
the Bible Normal Union. 

7:30 P. M. — Annual Sermon by the 
Rev. Henry B. Spayd, of Annville, 



Monday, June 15, 1891. 

3:00 P. M. — Annual Meeting of the 
Board of Trustees. 

7:30 P. M. — Commencement Ex- 
ercises of the Department of Music. 

Tuesday, June 16, 1891. 

1:30 P. M. — Annual Meeting of 
the Alumni Association. 

9:30 P. M. — Alumni Banquet. 
Wednesday, June IT, 1891. 

2:00 P. M. — Mass Meeting of Trus- 
tees, Faculty, Students and Friends 
of the College, to discuss the general 
interests of Education in the East. 

7.30 P. M. — Annual Address be- 
fore the Literary Societies by the 
Rev. J. O. Wilson, D. D., of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

Thursday, June 18, 1891. 

9:00 A. M. — Commencement Ex- 
ercises, Conferring of Degrees, etc. 

The friends of the college and of 
education in general are cordially in- 
vited to attend these exercises. Ar- 
rangements have been made for 
excursion rates on the various rail- 
roads leading to Annville. Railroad 
orders may be obtained by address- 
ing the president. 

The Y. M. C. A. Convention at 

The delegates to the convention 
from the L. Y. C. Association left 
Annville at 11:06 a. m., Frida}', April 
24th, and arrived at Carlisle about 
quarter past one. Going directly to 
the Association rooms we were as- 
signed to our respective houses, and, 
after a stroll about town we then 
assembled in the First Presbyterian 
church where the opening exercises 
of the convention were held. The 
meeting was conducted by W. H. 
Rinek, of Harrisburg, who was the 
chairman of the convention. A 
paper was read on " The Importance 
and Methods of Training Class 
Work," by J. W. Brainard, of Phil- 
adelphia, and then in response to an 
invitation from the Y. M. C. A. 
of Dickinson College, the conven- 
tion proceeded to their hall where 
a most " royal " reception was given 
us by the lady students of the Insti- 

The evening service was held in 
the First Lutheran church, and con- 
sisted of the "Address of Welcome " 
by the pastor, Rev. H. B. Wile, 
" response " by W. H. Rinek, and an 
address on "The Work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association " by 
Rev. Geo. B. Stewart, of Harrisburg. 

The Saturday morning service 
consisted of a paper on "Educa- 
tional Work," by Homer Black, 
General Secretary at Harrisburg, 
and one on " The Model Committee 

Man," by C. F. Fought, General 
Secretary at Carlisle, followed b}^ 
discussion on these topics. 

At 2 p. m. the convention opened 
with devotional exercises conducted 
by Homer Black Then followed 
g}-mnasium work, illustrated by H. 
C. Hoffman, of Harrisburg ; training 
class work, illustrated by C. E. 
Hurlburt, State Secretary, and a 
paper on " The Growth of Secular 
Agencies in Our Association," by 
W. H. Gibson, General Secretary at 

In the evening the convention 
was invited to visit the Indian train- 
ing school, where we were tendered 
another reception, served by the 
" King's Daughters " of the school. 

The evening service was held in 
the First Lutheran church, and the 
principal feature of it was short ad- 
dresses from young men of the 
training school. About a half dozen 
spoke, and they were followed by 
an address from Captain Pratt, the 
head of the school. The addresses 
were all very excellent, and the Y. 
M. C. A. of the Carlisle Indian 
school is one of the most successful 
in the district. 

At 9 a. m. a consecration meeting 
was held in the Y. M. C. A.'s hall 
of Dickinson College. It was con- 
ducted by C. E. Hurlburt, and every 
heart seemed to be overflowing with 
the love of God and a longing to do 
more for Him. 

At 3:45 p. m. in the First Lu- 
theran church was held a meeting 
for men only, and in the Second 
Presbyterian church a meeting for 
women. The result of the former 
meeting was six youna; men for 

In the evening the State work 
was presented by G. M. McCauley, 
of Harrisburg, and the work in col- 
leges by C. E. Hurlburt, followed by 
addresses from the various college 
delegates. Mr. G. D. Needy repre- 
sented Lebanon Yalley College. A 
collection was then taken up for the 
benefit of the Y. M. C. A. woik, and 
after singing " Blest be the Tie That 
Binds " the convention adjourned. 

We returned the next day greatly 
strengthened and invigorated and 
feeling that " Truly it was good for 
us to be there." O. 

The Central Deputation Confer- 
ence of the Y. M. C. A. 

The Deputation Conference held 
at Harrisburg, Pa., April 16th to 
19th, was one of great benefit to all 
in attendance. It included a repre- 
sentative from almost all the colleges, 
several of the normal schools, and a 
few fitting schools in the State. 
Johns Hopkins, of Baltimore, was 
also represented. 

The sessions were held in the Y. 

M. C. A. hall, which was very tastjj U t 
fully decorated with potted planter £ 
It was conducted by the Interns/iign 
tional College Secretaries, J. R. Mo w om 
and J. C. White. State Secretar< we re 
Charles E. Hurburt, and his assistan" In 
Gilbert A. Beaver, were present tofen 
lend a helping hand. Mr. Sayfor, ec } ai 
the evangelist, who labors so su^ork 
cessfully in the colleges, gave hjopen 
presence and many valuable sugge j] a 
tions on the work. The sessioi w ith 
were private. The instruction wAfte; 
given in the form of lectures, eadCong 
member being expected to take fuhusbi 
notes. The lectures comprised tl part 
complete presentation of college a She 
sociation work. The State autho;scho< 
ties are not able to give the attenti^to he 
to the colleges that their growing j emo t 
terests demand. They hope to Itian 
able, by the aid of students wlmeas 
have received special preparation, (weari 
accomplish good results in this jlike ] 
rection. The excellent lunch servddeeds 
on Friday noon by the Ladies' Au Th 
iliary and the reception and suppgolde 
given by Mrs. Chas. L. Bailey, on Sawith 
urday evening, were very pleasat Shi 
social events. and 

One can not be in attendance klepri 
such a conference without beiishe h 
deeply impressed with the worlda goo 
needs, especially of active persoij In 
workers for Christ. H.loss 
* — ~ -- husba 

Mary E. Groff Jaquith. ™* *. 

Mary E. Groff Jaquith, was bcjfi c i en i 
at Gordonville, Pa., 1854, and disY" ou i 
in Des Moines, Iowa, May lltl swee £ 
1891, aged about thhly-six }^ears. 

" Tunc audivi vocem e ccelo, dicenten 
mihi, Scribe, Beati, ab hoc tempo! 
mortici ii, qui Domini causa moriunta 
Etiam, dicit Spiritus; ut requiescant 
laboribus suis ; et opera eorum sequnfe 
eos." — Revelation xiv.13. 

The early life of our deceased sis 
was spent in Gordonville, Pa. Ea: 
in life she was bereft of a moth 
That loss to a great measure 
compensated by an aunt who lovfeceoui 
and cared for her as a mother. ally in 

Her education was attended I The 
with care. She entered Lebanfollow 
Yalley College in 1872. She grserved 
uated in what was then known as tborni; 
Ladies' Course, now the Scientific,breacr 
1879, rhee\ 

In April, 1881, she was united D. S. I 
marriage with Mr. Frank S. Jaquifave j 
of Boston. After a tour to the ad 
groom's home they went to ftf Lei 
Moines, Iowa, where they have sinixistei 
lived. ^ast. 

Their home was a model for cOation 
venience and love was inistrefrast 
It was indeed a heaven on earth ducat 
such is possible. Nature had endojie cc 
ed her with a remarkable degree <nted 
amiability. Her social qualities wejlf. SU ] 
such as won for her many frieno-anch 
She was dearly beloved by all w\teres 
knew her. In fact, to know her wiurch 







tast DU t to love and esteem her. In all 
lander acts and doings she maintained a 
ten Mignity characteristic of noble 
Mo w omanhood. Her cultured talents 
3tar we re best seen in her home, 
stan In college, she always had a word 
n t tof encouragement to the faint heart- 
ffor-ed and discouraged. In every good 
} su work her hand was ready and purse 
e h; pen. 

l ggf Early in life she identified herself 
ssioi w ith the United Brethren Church. 
a w After her marriage, she joined the 
5 eat Congregational Church, it being her 
c e fifhusband's. She took a very active 
d t|part in all kinds of church work, 
ge a She was a most efficient Sabbath- 
ithoi school teacher. Her life was devoted 
intitto her blessed Master. She was not 
n g i emotional, but constant in her Chris- 
to ttian duty, and enjoyed a large 
! measure of God's love. She never 
on, wearied in the Master's work, but 
his dike Dorcas of old, was full of daily 
seH deeds of kindness and mercy. 
' Au The Lord hath taken her home. A 
■upp golden treasure, garnered "to be 
mSswith the Lord forever." 
sasai She leaves two daughters, sweet 
and loving. Though they will be 
ice deprived of a mother's love and care, 
behshe has left them a noble heritage, 
orlda good example, a Christian life, 
rsoi In her death, the college feels the 
H. loss keenly. They extend to the 
husband and daughters their tender- 
est sympathies. May God's assur- 
jance to St. Paul, " My grace is suf- 
; bo'ficient for thee," give you comfort. 
I difYou have parted from her who was a 
1 1' sweet earthly treasure, but 


" Why should your tears in sorrow flow 
:enra When God recalls his own, 
3iiipc And bids them leave a world of woe, 
iuntu * or an immortal crown '! 

, Is not e'en death a gain to those 
cant Whose life to God was given ? 
qunt Gladly to earth their eyes they close 

To open them in heaven." H. C. D. 


Eai College Day Echoes. 
ioth The exercises incident to College 
re ^pay this year were, judging from the 

lovftccounts coming to us, of an unusu- 
ally interesting character, 
led The Annville Journal contains the 
;banfollowing : " College Day was ob- 

giferved here on first Sunday. In the 

as tborning the pastor, Rev. Mr. Spayd, 
tificpreached a very forcible sermon. 

The evening services were opened by 
itedD. S. Eshleman, '94. Pres. Bierman 
iquifave a very interesting address on 
to tihe advantage, in fact the necessity 
) E>f Lebanon Valley College, to the 
e siljxistence of the IT. B. Church in the 
^ast. The dangers of a secular edit- 
or cOation were brought out in full con- 
istretast with the blessings of a Christian 
arthducation, such as that afforded by 
3ndo<ie college. The college was pre- 
rree ( nted, not as a money-making or 
is wejlf-supporting project, but as a 
rient-anch of the church working for its 

II wvterest and to be maintained by the 
ler wmrch. That L. V. C. merits its 

maintainance was proved by several 
authoritative testimonials as to its 
valuable accomplishments. 

"Prof. Gerberich presented educa- 
tion in its true light as the founda- 
tion and hope of a nation. The 
church as well as the nation looks to 
the home for its support ; and only 
as the homes are enlightened will the 
church and nation advance in civili- 
zation ; while property may be looked 
upon with pride, the greatest source 
of pleasure and honor is to leave to 
the world a family of educated sons 
and daughters. And the possibility 
of such a bequest is afforded to the 
rich as well as the poor by the col- 
lege supported by the church." 

A friend reports from Mechanics- 
burg, that our " College Day " ex- 
ercises were of a very interesting 
nature, and the collection was $7.00 
in advance on last year." 

From Shiremanstown comes the 
following news : " Prof. H. Clay 
Deaner, of Lebanon Yalley College, 
spent last Sabbath with us in the in- 
terest of that institution, and all 
were delighted and instructed by his 
interesting presentation of the needs 
of the college. The collection was 
a liberal one." 

Prof. Spangler spent the Sunday 
at Mount Wolf, York county, and 
reports a good time. 

The Rev. Wm, H. Washinger, a 
member of this year's graduating 
class, and pastor in charge of Otter- 
bein Church, Harrisburg, surprised 
the friends of the college by a collec- 
tion of $21.05, $15.00 in excess of 
any last year. 

The Lebanon Courier of May 13 
has this to say : " College Day was 
observed last Sunday by the United 
Brethren in Christ in this section of 
the country, by representatives pre- 
senting the advantages of a Chris- 
tian education from the several pul- 
pits of their congregations. Presi- 
dent Bierman, of Lebanon Yalley 
College, very acceptably addressed 
the members of Trinity TJ. B. Church, 
this city, Sunday morning, and was 
warmly endorsed by his interested 
audience. His remarks were clear 
and logical, and calculated to 
strengthen the cause he advocated. 
On Sunday evening the president 
occupied the U. B. pulpit, at Myers- 
town, and entertained and instruct- 
ed an appreciative congregation." 

College Day Offerings- 

The following is a list of the re- 
ports of College Day received up to 
May 22, 1891: 


1890. 1891. 

Lebanon Trinity Church, . .$26 70 $26 57 

Mountville Station, 20 00 15 00 

Lancaster Station, 6 00 

Ephrata Station 34 36 

TSTew Holland, 5 00 

Manor Station, 13 05 

Manheim Station, 6 00 

Hummelstown, 14 75 

Mt. Joy, 7 40 

Annville, 22 00 

Annville Sabbath School, , . 20 88 

Paradise, 28 29 

Mt. Pisgab, Philadelphia, . . 15 00 

Halifax, 1 40 

Steelton, 10 18 

Union Circuit, 8 75 

Middletown, 10 00 

Middletown, 4 51 

Oberlin, 3 00 

Reading, 4 42 

Memorial, Harrisburg, 16 91 


Chambersburg S. S., 

Chambersburg S. S., Pri- 

5 75 

30 01 
26 04 
10 13 
3 50 



00 $11 11 



10 00 











10 25 





5 54 









8 CO 









6 00 

















21 05 

Otterbein, Harrisburg, . 


Lykens Station, $ 1 75 

Allentown, 4 10 

Reading, 1st Church, 10 75 

Baltimore, 3d Church, 3 13 

Myerstown, 6 70 4 56 

Berrysburg, 5 75 

Mt. Carmel, 5 00 


Myersville, $ 6 00 

Hagerstown, 6 78 

Keedysville, 9 93 


Altoona, 1st Church, $16 69 

Greensburg, 2 00 

Total, $551.57 $188.51 


[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.l 

Mr. W. O. Herr has accepted a 
clerkship in the Palmyra shoe factory. 

Dr. M. L. Hershey, who has been 
quite ill with pneumonia, is able to 
be out. 

Prof. Snoke, County Superinten- 
dent, has lectured before the Normal 

Mrs. Sallie Herr Geyer, '80, visited 
her parents during the early part of 
the month. 

Mr. Loose, father-in-law of I. B. 
Haak, of Myerstown, Pa., died on 
the 15th inst. 

Prof. Spangler visited Prof. E. O. 
Burtner, of West Fairview, Pa., on 
the 1 7th inst. 



Prof. Gerberich will deliver the 
oration on Decoration Day, at Union 
Deposit, Pa. 

Ex-President De Long was visit- 
ing friends in Hummelstown the 
last of April. 

Miss Sheldon spent the 10th inst. 
at the home of Miss Emma Landis, 

Mr. Washinger, '91, has moved to 
Harrisburg, in compliance with the 
wishes of his congregation. 

Mrs. A. L. Groff, '79, visited her 
sister, Mrs. Millie Brightbill, on 
College Avenue, on the 18th inst. 

Mr. Samuel Baker, of Hagers- 
town,Md., uncle of Miss Lula Baker, 
'93, was buried on the 15th inst. 

President Bierman spent Wednes- 
day morning, 20th inst., at Sunday- 
School Convention, at .Avon, Pa. 

Mrs. Enck, mother of Mr. S. C. 
Enck, '91, visited the college on the 
20th inst., and attended Chapel. 

Mr. H. IT. Roop,' 92, was elected 
Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. Con- 
vention, at Carlisle, on April 24. 

Mr. Samuel Cotrell, Jr., who is in 
the Pension Department, made us a 
very pleasant call on the 19th inst. 

Prof. Wm. Keller, class '90, visited 
classes on the 20th inst. He con- 
templates taking post-graduate work. 

Mrs. John E. Lynn, of Pottsville, 
Pa., who was at one time precep- 
tress, is visiting at the home of 
Prof. Bowman. 

President Bierman lectured before 
the Faculty and students of Schuyl- 
kill Seminary, Fredericksburg, Pa., 
on the 21st inst. 

G. K. Hartman spent the 10th 
inst., Sabbath, at his home. He 
read an essay on education at the 
" College Day " service. 

Mrs. Emma Eby Herr, who has 
been ill with the grippe and pneumo- 
nia, has recovered sufficiently to at- 
tend to her regular duties. 

At Rocherty, Mr. H. M. Miller's 
charge, Presiding Elder Mumma 
baptized thirty persons on the 7th 

Mr. S. J. Evers, '91, spent the 
first Sabbath of the month at the 
home of Mr. Elmer Hoak, '92. He 
addressed the Sabbath School. 

Ex-President Kephart visited the 
different classes on the 27th ult. 
At chapel he addressed the students 
on the importance of preparing well 
every lesson. 

Rev. and Bro. Resler, of 

Shamokin, visited Pastor Spayd, on 
their way to the Sunda3 r -School Con- 
vention, at Avon, Pa. They spent 
an hour or more in the college. 

Misses Grove and Jacoby, accom- 
panied by Mr. D. S. Eshelman, on 
the 9th inst., were angling at the 
Water Works. They bagged a few 
frogs. The fish were not at home. 

Rev. E. S. Bowman, '90, pastor of 
the IT. B. Church, at Greencastle, 

Pa., preaches the annual sermon be- 
fore the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, on May 31. He also deliv- 
ers the annual address before the 
graduating class of the Greencastle 
High School, on June 2d. 

The Board of Missions, at its re- 
cent sitting, appointed Rev. J. W. 
Etter, D. D., class '72, as fraternal 
delegate to the General Conference 
of the Evangelical Association to 
convene in October, 1891, and Rev. 
S. D. Faust, A. B., class '89, as fra- 
ternal delegate to the Methodist 
Protestant Church, to convene in 
Westminster, Md.,in 1892. 


While the geology class of Har- 
vard were afield, the other day, they 
came across a strolling brass band 
of ten pieces. They hired the band 
for the rest of the day, and hunted 
" rocks " to music. 

A Maine school girl compares the 
adjective " ill " as follows ; " Nom- 
inative, ill ; comparative, worse ; 
superlative, dead." 

One of the Juniors has gained an 
unenvied reputation by his skill in 
removing wild hairs from the eyes 
of the students. 

The arbutus has been gathered in 
great quantities this spring. 

What has become of our ball 
players ? 

On the 6th inst. there was quite a 
snow squall. 

Miss Josephine Kreider, '92, won 
one of the prizes offered by the 
Canadian Queen. 

On the evening of April 28, Miss 
Mary Stein of Reading, Misses 
Quigley and Shenk, of the class of 
'91, and the " class of '92," were the 
guests of Miss Brightbill, also a 
member of the class of '92. During 
the evening many interesting and 
amusing games, new as well as old, 
were engaged in, all of which were 
heartily enjoyed by all present. Re- 
freshments were served of a quality 
that would rival the luxuries of the 
best Roman families of the Augustan 
Age. Smiling faces aud merry 
laughing voices were seen and heard 
on every hand. The pleasure was 
unbroken, and all who were present 
can well call it a very pleasant 


All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

Our best or rather most faithful 
correspondents are Mr. Wagoner, 
from Westerville, and Mr. Herr, 
from Annville, Pa. 

We give solutions as received. 
Some are brief, more so than correct, 
1 fear. What do our readers say of 

the grindstone problem, or rather of f e ssi< 
the solutions given? No 

w as onlv 


also very neatly solved by ivir. a lso 
Wagoner. Friends do, not neglect 'more 
the "Corner." Let us hear from lina v 
you. Solutions or problems are^i ie 
thankfully received. We are rusLjte 
ning short of interesting problems, Hole 
Who'll furnish them ? No. 80 iAjis s 
this number comes from Ohio. Wet.u -o i 
know our Pennsylvania friends ai^, 
able to solve it. Now all to work 
and try it. 


No. 77. 





48 2 — 40 2 

48 2 



No. 78. 

25% or i 
125 % or £ 
10% or T V off 




fr of entire^ a 



profit at retail, 
retail selling price 
£ discount at whole- 

H. Wagoner, 
Westerville, Ohio. 


a spa 

^ gain at wholesale 
V2h% gain at whole- Char 

J. M. Herr, \ t 
Annville, P<l step 

| of some number divided by 25 is tht 

No. 70. 

time on railroad ; | of same 
divided by 6 is time in stage, 
tire time is f I hour. 

Therefore, & + T V - H 

_3 7 3 7 

450 TO 

L* l n f SI i_ 

370 — ffT ui l o _ 

ft » = 450 X to — 45 mile 
Ii. H. Wagoner. 


The enyou h 

3. : 

able i 
for ar 

4. ; 

5. 1 

No. 80. md i-, 

The bank discount exceeds the true dft 6. ] 
count on a certain sum for 4 years bprefei 
$11§, and for 8 years by $40. Find siva^^g 

and rate 
No. 81 


A merchant bought a quantity of clott ~~~~ 
and marked it at an advance of 40 pe 
cent. In selling he used a yard stick on 
inch short. His total gain was 
Find cost of cloth. 

No. 82. 

In arranging the terms of a partner The 
ship, A has a note of $460 dollars no| av ei 
bearing interest ; B has a similar note °mp re( 
$345, but having three times as long \ i f 
run. A is willing to allow $300 for JfJ n £ r 
note. How much should B allow for A's'f the 

We would invite special attention turn, tl 
No. 82. The editor has had a disputj ]yjj g 
with several parties about it, and wouK er ^ 
like to have his opinion corroborated ~ 
some one or be convinced that he is v " on 
error about it. r*easa 
. » . jandi 

The Complete Character-Reiider am p 

A writer in the Contributor&leasa 
Club in the May Atlantic pretendaence 
to have seen The Complete Charac Mi s . 
ter-Reader, where the aggregate ok; } k 
each one's traits had received the, ra ( 
proper and distinguishing label. If^tna 
the world of practical affairs yoirl ue( 
were enabled to determine the prcej th 



and unconcilia- 

■ er of fession of any stranger; and not 
was on ly this, for there were supplied 
Mr. a iso the indubitable indices of the 
select more delicately shaded and often 
from unavowed professions, as that of 
1 arefrhe Flirt, The Casuist, The Para- 
run-site, The Arch-Destroyer of Button- 
lems.Jioles. To give a further idea of 
30 inthis succinct and well-indexed work, 

Wetwo illustrations are subjoined : 
' s ^Character of Blunt, Honest Man, The : 
wor k 1. Carriage erect,aggressive, move- 
ments abrupt, step Arm. 

2. In shaking hands gives a 
strong grip. 
8. Steady eye, which never wavers 
entire^ a prolonged encounter with your 

R, 4. Laughs much, loudly, often 
Wo. boisterously. 

5. Voice harsh 

6. Chooses the nearest word, calls 
a spade a spade, and never shuns 
expression of his convictions. 
Character of Habitual, Hardened 

Hypocrite, The: 

1. Servile inclination of the head, 
step soft, movements sinuous and 

2. Does not .shake hands, but 
Aimbetouches your palm lightly, or gives 
"he en^y-on his finger tips. 

3. Eye restless and evasive; un- 
ible to gaze steadily into your own 
Tor any given time. 

5miles L Never laughs out loud, but 
nek 5miles often > a frequent, flitting, and 
subtle smile. 

5. Voice exquisitely modulated, 
md ingratiating in quality, 
•lie diij 6. In speech suaviter in modo, 
ars Preferring always the softer to the 
id su^jore emphatic word, and to con- 
ciliate rather than to antagonize the 



is tht 

f elol 
40 pe 


Clionian Literary Socifty. 

Virtute et Fide. 

artner The drama was repeated on Satur- 
ar8 te n J a y evening, March 24th, to a very 
lono- t}PP r eciative audience ; some of the 
for °B'^ rfoi 'mers entering into the spirit 
or A's^f their respective parts with greater 
itiontrim than on the first appearance, 
dispufl Miss Lillie Rice spent a week at 
ited b? er home at Baltimore, Md. 
e i S a Some of the Clios spent a very 
feasant time at the home of Bessie 
--andis, at Hummelstown ; while 

P'ldef* 6 they ulso vis 'ted Stoverdale 
amp grounds, but did not find it so 
.mtortleasant as when camp has com- 

lharac- Miss Eva Allen was a visitor at 
jate oki hall some time ago ; also Miss 
ed the, ra Quigley, who came to hear the 
el. Ipina. 

:s yottTuccess has crowned our works 
te pro?y the song of the girls when they 

saw the piano safely in our society 
hall. The piano has been paid for, 
and we feel our work has not been 
in vain. 

The Society visited the Kaloze- 
teans on Friday, May 8th, and spent 
a very enjoyable evening. The pro- 
gramme was instructive and very 
well rendered. All thought that it 
was good to be there. 

Miss Alice Kutz, '88, has accepted 
a call to teach at Freeburg Musical 
School in Snyder county. While at 
school she was an earnest and faith- 
ful worker, and we hope that she will 
be ver}^ successful in her teaching. 

Miss Wienman spent Sunday, May 
3, with Miss Quigley. 

Misses Smith and Burtner both 
visited their homes during the 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

Many of our readers have read the 
account of the Anniversary in the 
April Forum, and have there a true 
statement of the same. All we can 
say is, that we feel greatly relieved 
since the care and burden has been 
removed from our shoulders. We 
can rest assured that all passed off 
smoothly. But it only inspires each 
and all to do their part in promoting 
the work and lay a broader founda- 
tion on which to build the future 
work of the Society. We can only 
thrive through diligence and perse- 
verance. We were pleased to greet 
a few of our ex-members on the 
evening of the anniversary. How it 
gladdens one to find that ex-mem- 
bers are in sympathy with us not 
alone in feeling but in moneyed mat- 
ters as well, and still love the society 
which has been the prime factor in 
their present success. 

Messrs. C. B. Pennypacker and A. 
S. Myers, of Mountville, Pa., J. G. 
Phillips, of Jonestown, Pa., Sheridan 
Garman, of Harrisburg, Pa., J. M. 
Mohn, of Reading, Pa., Prof. E. 0. 
Burtner, of Harrisburg, Pa., and a 
goodly number from town and vi- 
cinity were in attendance. 

Man}' letters were received from 
ex-members stating that they were 
sorry they could not give us their 
presence but wished us the most pos- 
sible success. Let us hear from you 

The Society presented to Miss 
Carrie G. Eby, who added so much 
to the anniversary by her commenda- 
ble performance of the accompani- 
ments to the music and who labored 
so faithfully to make the vocal part 
a success, a beautiful edition of the 
Illustrated Marble Fawn, of Haw- 
thorne, in two volumes, elegantly 

The Society entertained the mem- 

bers of the Clionian Literary Soci- 
ety May 8th. A miscellaneous pro- 
gramme was delivered which was 
interesting. Addresses on British 
Rule in India, Relations of Church 
and State, and Strikes — Their Ten- 
dency, were given. The debate, lie- 
solved, That American Liberty is 
Threatened by the Incursions of the 
Foreign Element, was well handled 
by the participants. The ladies 
seemed to be pleased from their intel- 
ligent and commendatory speeches. 

The Society has received an invi- 
tation to attend the regular Rhet- 
orical exercises of the Clionian Lit- 
erary Society Friday evening, May 
15. We had a rare treat. 

Mr. G. D. Needy, '93, attended 
the District Convention of the Y. 
M. C. A. at Carlisle, Pa., from the 
23-26 of April as a delegate from 
the College. He reports a very en- 
tertaining and profitable session. 

This will be the last opportunity 
the present editor will have to bring- 
before our readers the items of the 
Society, but we feel that another will 
fill the position much more profita- 
bly to the Society than the present 

We are glad to introduce to our 
friends, Mr. E. L. Haak, '92, who 
will have charge of this department 
next year. We bespeak very inter- 
esting and spicy articles from his 
extensive knowledge and masterly 
hand. We thank all for bearing 
with us so well during the past year. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse Quam Videri." 

On Friday evening, the 10th ult., 
Misses Wineman, Strickler, Burtner, 
Maulfair, Bair and Guyer and Mrs. 
J. H. Maulfair made a very pleasant 
visit to the Society. 

The recent district Y. M. C. A. 
Convention, at Carlisle, was attended 
by Messrs. H. W. Roop, S. H. Stein, 
J. W. Owen, D. S. Eshleman, H. W. 
Crider, S. C. Enck and H. M. Miller. 
They expressed themselves as being 
benefited by the sessions of the 
Convention. Two points of interest 
to them were Dickinson College 
and the Indian School. 

W. E. Heilman recently made a 
trip to the New England States. 
The places visited include Boston, 
Springfield, Hartford, New Haven 
and New York City. He was greatly 
pleased with the trip, especially the 
many historical places of interest 
which he had the pleasure of seeing. 

G. K. Hartman represented our 
college at the Central Deputation 
Conference of the College Y. M. C. 
A.'s, in Harrisburg, from 16th to 
19th ult. A general knowledge of 
college association work was im- 
parted to those present. The asso- 



ciations were undoubtedly brought 
into a closer union. 

Another Anniversary" has passed 
very pleasantly. After the toil and 
labor is over we all breathe more 
freely, and feel Kke undertaking new 
responsibilities, when it is our duty 
to do so. 

A number of ex-niembers, friends 
and members had quite a pleasant 
session in the societ} r 's hall after the 
anniversary exercises. 

Several ex-members gave ad- 
dresses, bringing up many reminis- 
cences of the past. Such meetings 
are encouraging to those who are at 
present engaged in society work. 

We were glad to see Rev. S. D. 
Faust, C. H. Backenstoe, W. M. 
Ham and W. H. Ricker, of Harris- 
burg ; A. P. Seltzer, of Lebanon ; 
R. B. Erb, of Swatara, and many 
other ex-members of town and vicin- 
ity, at the anniversary. 

Among the friends of the Society 
who were present were : Mr. H. J. 
Roop and wife, and Miss Allen, of 
Highspire ; the Misses Cobaugh and 
Miss Campbell, of Middletown ; Mr. 
Snavely, of Harrisburg ; Mr. J. B. 
Brubaker, of Hoguestown ; Rev. H. 
P. Walter, of Fredericksburg ; Miss 
Brunei*, of Campbellstown, and Miss 
Stine, of Reading. 

Rev. A. P. Funkhauser gave us an 
eloquent and forcible oration. The 
object was to inspire all, especially 
the young, to noble deeds and 

Philokosmian Anniversary. 

On May 1st the Philokosmian Lit- 
erary Society successfully completed 
twenty-four years of its history. 
These years were crowned with suc- 
cess. There have been defeats, but 
many have been the victories won. 
The defeats were but stepping stones 
to greater achievements. The day 
was pleasant in the extreme. The 
zephyrs were animating and fraught 
with the aroma of flowers and blos- 
soms of many an orchard. 

The stir and merry voices in and 
around the college were unusual. 
The glad hearts and genial smiles all 
betokened the coming anniversary. 
From early morn till noon the com- 
mittee were busy collecting flowers 
and ferns with which they turned 
the rostrum into a tropical garden. 
The decorations were just enough 
not to be overdone and added a 
cheerfulness to the occasion. 

A very large audience was present, 
a great number of whom were ladies, 
which is ominous of the boys having 
many admirers among the fair ones. 

At 7:30, amid the clapping of 
hands, the officers and speakers were 
ushered upon the rostrum. It was 
truly an application of the saying, 
"Thorns among the roses." The 
" immaculate " ties and rosv hue of 

their faces, in contrast with the flow- 
ers, was most noticeable. 

Mr. S. C. Huber, '92, as president, 
after reviewing the work of the past 
year, extended a hearty welcome. 

The following programme was ren- 
dered : 

Octette— The Lark Weston. 

S. C. Enck, W. H. Washinger, H. W. 
Crider, G. K. Hartman, S. C. Huber, 
D. S. Eshleman, S. W. Stein, G. L. 
Shaeffer. H. M. Behm, cornetist. 

Invocation, Rev. W. H. Lewars. 

Duet — Estudiantina La Gome. 

H. U. Roop, D. S. Eshleman. 

Salutatory, G. K. Hartman. 

Okation — The Glory of American Citi- 
zenship, Hervin U. Roop. 

Solo— The Bugler, Pinsuti. 

G. L. Shaeffer. 

Eulogy — Our Departed Chieftains, 

J. D. Rice. 

Oration — "Esse," John W. Owen. 

Quartette — A Lover's Complaint, 


Prof. J. E. Lehman, H. TJ. Roop, D. S. 
Eshleman, G. L. Shaeffer. 

Critique — "In Darkest England and 
the Way Out, " S. T. Meyer. 

Ex-Philokosmian Orator, 

Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A. M. 

Chorus of Men, St. Cecilia's Day. 

H. U. Roop, S. C. Enck, W. H. Wash- 
inger, H. W. Crider, D. S. Eshleman, 
G. K. Hartman, D. A. Kreider, H. B. 
Roop, J. M. Herr, S. H. Stein, H. M. 
Miller, G. L. Shaeffer. 

The Salutatorian, Mr. Hartman, 
'93, showed that there is a training 
which a college course cannot give. 
To supply this want the societies 
were organized. The principles of 
the P. L. S. are founded on justice, 
freedom of speech and liberty to ail. 
He then welcomed ex-members and 
friends to the " feast of reason," 
with the hope that all will be made 
purer and nobler. 

Mr. Roop, '92, the first orator, had 
for his theme " The Glory of Ameri- 
can Citizenship." Americans may 
be great boasters, but we have some- 
thing whereof to boast. Among its 
citizens are the greatest poets, phil- 
osophers, scientists and statesmen, 
those famous in painting, sculpture, 
music and literature. At the thought 
of our ancestry our hearts swell with 
conscious pride. Great ideas that 
have merely blossomed in other lands 
bear fruit in ours. Our citizens are 
uncrowned kings and queens. Wo- 
man is exalted, honored and loved. 
Civilization is but the measure of a 
nation's thinking. We are the most 
inventive nation of the world — the 
most peaceful and the most careful 
of our liberties. The glory of our 
citizenship rests upon the principle — 
a government of the people, for the 
people and by the people. 

Mr. Rice, '92, was quite happy in 
his selection of the late General Wm. 
T. Sherman and Admiral Dixon D. 
Porter, for his eulogy. For the 
same grand cause the heroes strug- 
gled — the one to exalt his flag upon 
the water, the other for the suprem- 

acy of the same standard in a re. 
bellious land. 

Admiral Porter sprung from an 
ancestry who saved the nation for 
more than a century upon the waters. 
His record of achievements shows 
his strength, patriotism and heroism, 




General Sherman's character reveals exc 
itself in his reply to the South 's de- the 
mand for his services : " I prefer to 1 
maintain nry allegiance to the old a s 
Constitution as long as a fragment cial 
of it survives." His motives wea the 
pure, perseverance untiring, and 1 
strategical genius unrivalled. His It 
heart was large and philanthropic thii 
They have gone, but they havt ful 
left a rich legacy. May their liveg We 
be an inspiration to " act well out giv< 
part." thai 
The second orator, Mr. Owen, '91 to a 
spoke very forcibly on " Esse.] A 
We have decided " to be, rather thai an 
to seem." Some may think it bettei Mr. 
to be unreal in order to gain worldh Afti 
advantages, but better to die penni Har 
less and honest than to be a millioE wen 
aire with a guilty conscience. " dres 
a man must live " cries the world of r< 
Yes, a man must live and live for time 
ever. At the judgment day mai 
must pass for what he is. The grea 
demand of this age is for men whe 
are real, earnest and true, indepen not 
dent and self-reliant. publ 
The Critique. — " In Darkes the 
England and the Way Out," S. T 
Meyer, '93, was well written. 


England liberated her negro slave tion. 
60 years ago, but now fosters anothe adm 
evil equally degrading, the slum? the i 
Gen. Booth, by combining social ari n °t 
religious means, proposes to remof In 1' 
them. His scheme is complicate! was 
and in some places obscure, yet tb s ylvj 
general principles seem to be in haif or 
mony with the laws of nature. H ln auj 
promises more in the outset than b s achi 
really accomplishes. foun< 
He appears too egotistic to win tfothat 
favor and assistance of his readers°efoi 
his professed purpose. But on tfo Was 
other hand his boldness against alplan 
evils and his reliance on God ration l£ 
than man are admirable qualities, tions 
The Ex-Philokosmian orator ws sion 
Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A. M. <* w °m< 
Harrisonburg, Va. His theme w* evei ', 
" Nehemiah's Plan." After brieve ( 
reviewing how Neherniah rebuilt J^ lSa p 
rusalem the speaker said we have o?J 0l 'e 
ancient city to build, but from Neb^arv 
miah's Plan Ave may notice those elfP en i 
ments or forces which may help ^ ' ea 
build character, the building of w hict ai me> 
is greater than that of cities. TV* 
merits of the address are well sho^ Ah 
in the account in the Annville Jour 11 * o 
nal: " For felicity of expression, ap Ssis t 

propriate illustrations, forceful arff uJ,r( l 

~Hhts i 


ey o 

ments and just conclusions thra 
tor could not well be excelled S 
any one who has had the gooda? 5 
tune to listen to the famous 


m an 
n for 

; veals 
's de. 
fer to 
e old 

dore Cuyler, of New York, could not 
well help hut notice strong marks of 
resemblance in manner and style of 
The music was furnished by the 
hows members of the society. The bass 
oism solo by Mr. Sheaffer, '91, was most 
excellent, as was the selection b}>- 
the iEolian Quartette. 

The society presented Miss Eby 
a silver water pitcher as an appre- 
ment ciation of her services as director of 
wen the music. 

and The anniversary was successful. 
His It showed several very important 
ropic things: that societ}' work is a power 
havt fnl factor in a student's education, 
lives Well organized and active societies 
II oui give a reputation to a college, and 
that society affiliations wed students 
q, '91 to an institution. 
Esse.' After the exercises the society had 
r thai an informal reception in their hall, 
bettei Mr. W. H. Washinger, '91 presided 
orldl] After a song, Rev. S. D. Faust, 
pennl Harrisburg, Pa., led in prayer. There 
illion were half a dozen short timely ad- 
» Bu dresses, for the most part consisting 
world of reminiscences. A most enjoyable 
e /J time was spent. 
• mai • — — 

grea Then and Now. 

i win One hundred years ago girls were 
iepej not allowed to attend any of the 
, public schools of the country. When 
arkej the first high school for girls was 
S. 1 opened in Boston in 1825, there was 
such an outcry against the innova- 
tion, and so many girls applied for 
notht admission, that after a year or so, 
slums the scheme was abandoned, and was 
al an not again attempted until 1853. 
emo\ In 11 74 the first academy for women 
lieate was opened by Moravians in Penn- 
et tPylvania; in 1789 the first seminary 
n hat for women in New England was 
2 . H inaugurated in New Bedford, Mas- 
lan hisachusetts ; and Mar v Lyon, in 1836, 
founded a college for women in 
vin th'that state, on the broadest basis ever 
iadersbefore attempted. Oberlin College 
on th' w as opened on the co-educational 
nst alPian in 1833, and Antioch College 
rathe"! 1852. But these were innova- 
tions which met with much discus- 



or wf sion and opposition even amoiF 
M. pomen themselves. To-day, how- 
ie wJ^ver, this prejudice against the scien- 
l)i iefl tl . c ecl «cation of women has nearly 
lilt ^disappeared. Even the older and 
ave rf^ore conservative institutions, like 
L Neb^arvard and Columbia, are, if not 
Dse efPening their front doors to women, 
telp ^ letl «t making s j ( ] e entrances, called 
f w h# n nexes, whereby they may enter 

if * * * * * * 
shotf' Almost every college has already 
3 Jbwrne or more women professors, or 
on, ap Ssi stant professors. Even Har- 
il arfiffWd has admitted women as assist- 
hra ^tnts in its astronomical department- 
d s»vml e women, as Dean Rachel Bod- 
odas' ev of the Pennsylvania Woman's 
allege, and Alice Freeman Pal 

mer, of Wellesley, have held the po- 
sitions of heads of colleges. Women 
scientists are being given state and 
national government appointments. 
One woman is assistant nrycologist 
at Washington ; others are engaged 
in taking meteorological observa- 
tions. Missouri's state entomologist 
is a woman. Michigan University 
has several woman professors and 
assistants in the departments of mi- 
croscopical botany, anatomy, bac- 
teriology, pathology, and obstetrics. 
In other colleges can be found 
women at the heads of departments 
of botany, chemistry, etc.; and the 
principal of the Denver School of 
Mines is a woman. In ethnology 
and archaeology shine such bright 
names as Alice Fletcher, Erminie 
Smith, and Amelia B. Edwards. 
Many of these have received high 
college degrees, and are " fellows " 
of distinguished scientific societies 
in this country and Europe. Many 
women here and in England are act- 
ing, or qualifying themselves to act, 
as druggists and dispensers of medi- 
cine. — New England Magazine. 

Visit to Cornwall. 

The mineralogy class, under the 
supervision of Prof. Gerberich,took a 
trip to the Cornwall Ore Hills on 
May 20th. They left Annville at 
7:30 A. M., with two double teams. 
The class viewed the big hill first, 
winding around the hill till they 
reached the top between eight ami 
nine hundred feet high, which gave 
them a magnificent view of Lebanon 
county. They studied the various 
formations of rock. The one thing 
that attracted especial attention was 
the way the ore is surrounded by the 
enormous trap rocks which served as 
a protection. Were it not for this 
the ore might have been eroded in 
years past. Some specimens were 
collected. From thence we walked 
to the office of Mr. Boyd, manager 
of the hill, who kindly consented to 
let us enter his office and examine his 
collection of minerals, which consist- 
ed of iron pyrite,magnatite, hematite, 
quartz, geodes, serpentine, lava, etc. 
From thence we walked to middle 
hill, where we collected a number of 
specimens, such as iron pyrite, copper 
pyrite, quartz, albestos, soap-stone, 
etc. The 12 o'clock bell rang, which 
reminded every one of dinner. With- 
out much consultation, all left the 
hill and were directed by Mr. Boyd 
to a line spring to take lunch. The 
ladies had prepared an inviting 
dinner; this, as may be expected, was 
enjoyed by all. We returned at 
3:30 P. M.,all happy and seemed to 
have enjoyed the trip very much and 
derived a great deal of practical 
benefit. The class express their 
many thanks to Prof Gerberich, for 
his kindness in giving this trip. 

A Membeh. 

Marriage Bells. 

Dr. Geo. R. Shenk, A. M., class '87 
was married to Miss Lettie Rentzler, 
of Ringtown, Pa., on the 14th inst. 
The marriage was solemnized in the 
presence of friends of the immediate 
families. They were the recipients 
of many very handsome presents. 
For the present they will reside at 
Ringtown. May theirs be a long 
life of wedded bliss. 

Miss Grace Hummelbaugh, a 
former student, was joined in mar- 
riage with Mr. Corwin, of Florida, 
on the 21st inst., at her home in 
Chambersburg, by the Rev. C. T. 
Steam. They immediately left for 
their home in Florida, by way of 
Baltimore and Savannah. Our best 
wishes accompany them. 

The Forests of the United States 

In a paper read before the Amer- 
ican Forestry Association the follow- 
ing statements were made : 

The forests of the United States, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific and 
from the frontiers at Mexico to those 
of Canada, cover 450,000,000 acres. 
The annual cutting of over 25,000,- 
000 acres gives on an average 
4,800,000,000 cubic feet of lumber. 
The railroads use, in addition, 500,- 
000,000 feet, the mines, 150,000,000, 
ences consume, 500,000,000 ; 150.- 
000,000 feet are exported, while 18,- 
000,000 feet are consumed as fuel. 
The whole forms the enormous total 
of 24,000,000,000 feet, of an approx- 
imate value of $1,000,000,000. 

Watches Given Away. 


The American Hearthstone for 1801 has 
been greatly improved and illustrated, 
making one of the best Family Story Pa- 
pers. Its short and continued stories are 
written by some of the best authors of 
the land. We will publish Historical 
and Biographical Sketches, Stories of 
Travel and Adventure. Various depart- 
ments, such as Educational, Woman, 
Household and Family Physician, will be 
found under their respective heads, in- 
cluding one page for the amusement of 
the young readers. 

The subscription price is only 50 cents 
a year. Parties getting up clubs can take 
subscriptions at 35 cents a year. We will 
send the paper 4 months on trial and a 
complete novel for 10 cents ; one year 
with a pair of 50 cent button hole scis- 
sors, pen and pencil stamp or ten com- 
plete novels for 50 cents. For 75 cents 
we will send the paper one year and an 
Elgin Typewriter. The above offers art' 
only for new subscribers. 

We want a bright boy or girl in every 
town and village to get up clubs. We 
will give watches for clubs from 15 up. 
Sample copies and outfit free. You can 
get a watch for a few horn's' work. Try 
it. Send for sample. 

Rock away, N. J, 

A Valuable Paper. 

We are pleased to call the attention of 
our readers to Rev. M R. Hicks' valu- 
able monthly family and scientific paper. 
Word and Works, which is now in its 
fourth year. Besides the noted monthly 
forecasts of Rev. Irl R. Hicks, the paper 
contains much useful and interesting lit- 
erary matter, a complete explanation of 
Rev. Hicks' storm theory, a Household 
Department, a Scientific Department for 
general science, a religious article or ser- 
mon in each number by Rev. Irl Hicks, 
himself, a Query Department for answers 
to all sorts of questions, and many other 
good things. All this for the very low 
price of oO cents per annum. Send for 
sample copies and see it for yourself. 
Sample copies rive cents in stamps or 
coin. Address Word and Work* Publish- 
ing Co., 1139 N. 3d St., St. Louis, Mo. 


If any well-informed man were asked 
what are the most important topics that 
have engaged public opinion during the 
month of April, and about which the pub- 
lic desires authoritative information, he 
would be sure to answer (1) the Italian 
difficulty, (2) the new Australian Com- 
monwealth, (3) our reciprocity treaties 
with South America, (4) religious discus- 
sions caused by a large number of trials 
for heresy, and (5) silver coinage. 

The Forum for May contains articles 
on every one of these subjects — on our 
Constitution and the demand of Italy, by | 
ex-Secretary of State Bayard, who takes 
the same position taken by Mr. Blaine ; 
on the Commonwealth of Australia, by 
Sir R. W. Cameron, the best authority 
in the United States ; on reciprocity, by 
R. Q. Mills, ex-Chairman of the Ways 
and Means Committee of the House of 
Representatives, and by Senator Frye, 
who writes with especial reference to the 
improvement of our Southern harbors ; 
on changes of orthodox belief in our own 
time, by the Rev. Dr. Alfred Momerie, 
of King's College, London ; and on " Free 
Silver Coinage — Why Not?" by Edward 

In this way the Forum tries to make 
good its claim to give its readers not only 
important information, but important in- 
formation just when it is most desh-ed. 

* * 

The May Century begins a new vol- 
ume, and in it are begun several new 
features of what The Century calls its 
"summer campaign." "The Squirrel 
Inn," by Frank R. Stockton, is one of 
principal and most popular of these new 

The long-promised papers (two in 
number) on the Court of the Czar 
Nicholas I. are now begun, the frontis- 
piece of the magazine being a portrait of 
Emperor Nicholas, These papers are by 
the late George Miffiin Dallas, in his day 
one of the most distinguishad statesmen 
of the country. 

" Pioneer Mining Life in California " is 
a description from personal experience of 
adventure and mining methods in 1849 
on the tributaries of the Sacramento 
river and of the Trinity. The writer is 
the Hon. E. G. Waite, the Secretary of 
the State of California. 

Mrs. Amelia Gere Mason's articles on 
the " Salons of the Empire and Restora- 
tion " are concluded in the present num- 
ber of The Century. 

Among the separate papers none is 
more striking than that of F. Hopkinson 
Smith, who made a special trip to Bul- 
garia to gather impressions for The Cen- 

The first article in the number is a 

paper by C. F. Holder entitled "Game- 
Fishes of the Florida Reef," strikingly 
illustrated after sketches by the author. 

Ex-Minister John Bigelow gives a 
chapter of secret history which he calls j 
"The Confederate Diplomatists and | 
Their Shirt of Nessus." 

Mr. Fraser of The Century Art De- 
partment prefaces with a few words a 
novel feature of magazine illustration ; J 
namely, a little picture gallery taken 
from a recent "Exhibition of Artists' 
Scraps and Sketches " in the Fellowcraft j 
Club, and sprinkled over six pages of the 
magazine without intermediate letter- 
press, except titles of pictures. 

Other interesting papers are those on 
"Visible Sound," by the English singer, 
Mrs. Margaret Watts Hughes, with com- 
ment by Mrs. S. B. Her rick of The 
Century staff. 

The literary paper of the number is by 
Miss Josephine Lazarus, and is an inter- 
esting study of the character and career 
of the late Louisa May Alcotfc, the popu- 
lar writer for children. Portraits are 
given of Miss Alcott and her father. 

■K* # 

Certainly there has been no story so 
extraordinary in its plot and so forcible 
in its vivid description, as the late 
Douglas O'Connor's "Brazen Android," 
the concluding portion of which appears 
in the Atlantic Monthly, for May. The 
power of the story is of the same kind that 
one finds in Poe's " Fall of the House of 
Usher." I 
It is a relief to turn from the tension of 
"The Brazen Android " to the portion of 
a hitherto unpublished journal of Richard 
H. Dana, which describes a voyage on 
the Grand Canal of China. The most 
valuable thing in Mr. Dana's notes is the 
description of a Chinese gentleman, 
named U-u. He showed a characteristic 
bit of Chinese courtesy when, declining 
to smoke more than one or two puffs of 
his cigar or to take more than one or two 
sips of wine, he said, not that they were too 
strong for him, but that he was not strong 
enough for them — a finished politeness, 
which does not seem overstrained to the 
Eastern mind. Miss Jewett has never 
done anything better than her descrip- 
tion of the return of the Hon. Joseph K. 
Lane way to his native town, Wiuby. There 
is but little space left to mention Mr. Park- 
man's admirable concluding paper on 
the " Capture of Louisbourg by the New 
England Militia." Mr. II. C. Merwin, 
on the "Ethics of Horse-Keeping," will 
interest lovers of that animal. Mr. 
William P. Andrews finishes a second 
paper on "Goethe's Key to Faust," aud 
the well-known historian, Mr. George E. 
Ellis, lias a paper on "Jeremy Belk- 
nap." There are four chapters of Mr. 
Stockton's bright serial, "The House of 
Martha," in which the hero encounters 
the heroine under circumstances in which 
no hero has ever been known to encoun- 
ter a heroine since the world began. 
* * 

With every issue the New England 
Magazine becomes wider in its scope, 
and is more artistically gotten up, it being 
the evident desire of the editors and pub- 
lishers to make it take first rank among 
the great illustrated monthlies. The May 
initial article is "Walt Whitman at 
Date," by Horace L. Traubel. Walt 
Whitman's portrait, a new picture re- 
cently taken, forms the frontispiece of 
the number, and the article is enriched 
with sketches and photographs of his 
bedroom and study, his nurse, his house, 
and the little sunny street in Camden, N. 
J., in which he has lived so long. An 
article dealing with the Loyalists who 
fought against their country and their 
kith and kin in the Revolutionary War, 

is not often seen in an American ma ^ 
zine, and it shows the spirit of fair play 
and the decline of prejudices in oin 
country, that Mr. James Hannay's articl 
"The Loyalists," written from the Loy 
alist standpoint, should be given a prom 
inent place in the current New Enolani 
and should be so liberally illustrated. 1 
is the best illustrated article which ha 
appeared in this magazine, and Mi 
Louis A. Holman, the artist, has done hi 
work admirably. An interesting articl 
at this time, when the Bering Sea matte 
is so much before the public, is Mi 
Charles Hallock's "The Alaskan Fn 
Trade ; its Origin, Courses, and Ethm 
graphy." Mr. Hallock is a well-kno* 
authority on this subject, and he write 
very entertainingly on a subject which a 
first glance looks too heavy to be very ft 
viting. Mrs. Bernard Whitman writes in 
lively, gossipy strain about the Puritans c 
early Dorchester, one of the suburbs of B« 
ton. "Lovejoy— Hero and Martyr," is 
strong plea for remembrance of one of tl 
early Anti- Slavery agitators. The writ; 
of it, Thos. Dimmock, has made a specii 
study of Lovejoy' s work, and he bring 
sympathy, and calm, rational inquiry t 
his task. "The Oldest House in Was! 
ington," by Milton T. Adkins, is the hi 
tory of the old Burns estate, over whic 
Washington had some trouble with tli 
thick-witted proprietor, when the Feden 
government was located there. O. f 
Adams writes an amusing account ( 
some of the old ante-bellum newspaper 
There is a fair instalment of poetry at 
(fiction. "Poor Little Miss Severance, 
| by Miss Fanny Louise Weaver, is a que 
little story of Nantucket. ' ' My Lac 
Wentworth," by Adeline A. Knight, 
an interesting mixture of fact and fictio: 
jThe serial, "A Fair Exchange," d< 
; velops a situation. 

Oommen cement 
Class Day 

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(The dolleje J; o runt 

Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. IV. No. 6. 


Whole No. 42. 



E. Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
H. Clay Deanbh, A. If., Professor of Latin. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Pro feasor of Mathematics. 
Rev. \V. S. Ebersole, A. If., Professor ot Greek. 
Rev. J. T. Spanglek, A. P>., do Facto. 

Professor of Greek. 
A. H. Gerberich, B. S., Professor of Science. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 


Clionian Society— Miss Mary M. Shenk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— S. J. Evers. 


H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should he sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-tive cents. Subscriptions received at 
any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


The Fall term opens September 
ist, at 9 a. m. 

If' friends of the College know of 
any young people who contemplate 
attending College or who may at- 
tend, the President would be glad 
to receive names and address of 



Mrs. Bierman, in conjunction 
th Mrs. Lehman and Miss Sher- 
ck, have asked the sisters of the 
•urch for two cents per capita con- 
.bution. the money to be expended 
i making more homelike the rooms 
f the Ladies' Hall. The responses 
J re coming up promptly and most 
ncouraging. Let the good work go 
n. Improvements will also be 
ade in the main building. 

President Bierman spent Sab- 
bath, June 28th, with the good peo- 
ple of Salem U. B. church, Balti- 
more, Md. In the morning he 
addressed them on College interests, 
and, at the close, asked them for a 
collection, a " College Day Offering," 
and, to his great surprise and grati- 
fication, the sum of seventy ($70) 
dollars was contributed. 

All honor to the liberality of 
these people. God bless them. 

Within the next two months, the 
future usefulness of many young 
men and women will be decided. 
There is but one time given to pre- 
pare for life. " Too late " are awful 
words. Will parents help their 
children to decide wisely and to 
avoid the remorse and regrets which 
wasted and neglected opportunities 
bring. Lebanon Valley College 
extends greetings to the young peo- 
ple of the church, and welcomes them 
to her halls. 

Tried and True. 

We think the trustees of Lebanon 
Valley College showed wisdom by so 
promptly and unanimously re-elect- 
ing Pres. B. Benj. Bierman at the 
last Tuesday's Board meeting. The 
committee on faculty had scarcely 
reported when the unanimous vote 
was given. Prof. Bierman has been 
a constant worker in and for the 
college almost from its existence, 
and to-day he stands tried and true 
to the college. — Annville Journal. 

Commencement Week. 


The exercises of commencement 
week began Sunday, June 14th. The 
day dawned most auspiciously. The 
only thing that could not have been 
wished for was the temperature, 
which, in contrast with what we had 
experienced, was indeed depressing. 
The campus never looked more in- 
viting. Everything conspired to 

make the day a' success. The stars 
and stripes waved proudly over the 
building. The chapel was turned 
into a flower garden, the arrange- 
ment of which never looked better. 
A goodly number of friends from a 
distance with the great numbers 
from town filled the chapel to over- 

The services were opened by an 
anthem, under the directorship of 
Miss Eby. The College pastor, Rev. 
H. B. Spa3 - d, read the eighth chapter 
of Proverbs. Rev. C. I. B. Brane, 
A. M., of Washington, D. C, led in 

The Baccalaureate sermon was 
preached bv Rev. J. P. Landis, D. 
D., Ph. D., of Union Biblical Semi- 
nary, Dayton, Ohio. He took for 
his text, " Receive my instruction 
and not silver, and knowledge 
rather than choice gold. For wis- 
dom is better than rubies ; and all 
the things that may be desired are 
not to be compared to it," found in 
the tenth and eleventh verses of the 
lesson read. 

After an appropriate and pleasant 
introduction in which the Doctor re- 
ferred to the satisfaction it gave him 
personally to be present on this event- 
ful occasion to speak to the graduat- 
ing class a.nd others, he began to show 
the advantages of culture, the mental 
culture attained in the schools. It 
gives power to the mechanic, to the 
tradesman, to the professional man. 
It fits for society, it prepares for 
usefulness, it equips for the battle of 
life. The man who has never sub- 
jected his mental powers to any dis- 
dicipline is illy prepared for the con- 
tests of our day, works under nearly 
all the disadvantages that can be 
named and hardly ever comes to the 
front. The whole argument was log- 
ical, forcible and at times eloquent. 

But says the speaker, U A11 this is 
not the best thing in the world ; there 
is something beyond it. There is 
that which is of far greater value, 
and that is Christian culture, the 
culture of the soul. Christ within 
you. The posession of this is power. 
The study of God's word under the 
divine influence of the Holy Spirit 
gives culture, power and much that 
no other culture can bring. See to 
it, my young friends and members of 



the graduating class, with watchful 
diligence that Christianity shall un- 
derlie and penetrate the entire sys- 
tem. Come not down to meet the 
spirit of the world on its ground, 
raise it up to meet you on yours. 

" Measure men by the difficulties 
they daily meet and overcome, and 
gain strength of soul thereby. Let 
me point you to Daniel, to Paul, to 
Luther and the many that might be 
named to have overcome difficulties 
under the most adverse circumstan- 
ces and have provoked the acclama- 
tion of earth and called forth shouts 
of heaven." The whole sermon was 
interspersed with choice quotations of 
scripture, poetry and the sayings of 
the sages, past and present, evinced 
a breadth of culture on the part 
of the eloquent speaker not often 
found and won the universal ap- 
proval of the delighted audience pres- 


At 2 p. m. a very good audience, 
despite the great warmth, had gath- 
ered to witness the graduation exer- 
cises of the class in Bible Normal 
studies. Rev. A. M. Evers, of Keedys- 
ville, Md., led in prayer. Rev. H. B. 
Dohner, president of the B. N. XL, de- 
livered the address, using for his 
theme, "The Bible Normal Union." 
He traced its history, showing the 
different changes in the Bible stud}' 
courses till the present one was adopt- 
ed. He next showed its importance 
and absolute need, in view^ of the 
flood of pernicious literature that is 
contaminating the minds of theyouth 
of our land. He gave its effect in 
cultivating a taste for pure and re- 
fined reading. Lastly, how it infuses 
life into Sunday-school work, and 
made the work more thorough and 
productive of greater results. The 
address was most excellent and 
highly commended by all who heard 

Prof. Deaner in a few appropriate 
words presented the diplomas to the 
following class: Misses Carrie A. 
Letterman, Lulu K.Walmer, Nora H. 
Stefley, Allie C. Mower, Emma C. 
Mower, Alice M. TJhler and Maggie 
Strickler, Mrs. Romaine E. Wash- 
inger, and Messrs. Samuel J. Evers 
and Schuyler C. Enck. " We Study 
for Light to Bless with Light," was 
their motto which hung in the recess 
of the rostrum. 

Each member of the class wore 
several sprays of heliotrope, the 
class flower, which is emblematic of 
devotion. This is the first class 
that had a motto and a flower. The 
class was under the instruction of 
Profs. Deaner and Spangler. The 
music was furnished by the J3olian 
Quartette, consisting of Prof. Leh- 
man, Messrs. H. U. Roop, D. S. 
Eschleman and Grant Shaeffer. 

The class is to be congratulated 

very successful completion 
of study. The 

work may be 
grade of the 
in one of the 

exercises are 

on the 

of this course 
thoroughness of 
seen by the average 
class, 99 2-3 per cent, 

These graduating 
productive of good results, and give 
a stimulus to future Sunday School 

It is no little undertaking to 
complete such a course of training 
in addition to other duties. The 
work is voluntary. 

During the four years since the 
organization of the B. N. U., Leba- 
non Valley College has furnished 
forty graduate", which makes her 
the banner college in the Church. 

The annual sermon was preached 
by Rev. H. B. Spayd in the evening 
from the text: "Watch ye, stand 
fast in faith, quit you like men, be 
strong." 1 Cor. 16:13. 

Life is a conflict in which we are 
actors. The men who get through 
the world without a struggle are the 
exception. The great majority must 
struggle for food, raiment and shel- 
ter. Others struggle for wealth, po- 
litical eminence and respectability. 
These struggles secure discipline, 
yet they are only the skirmishes in- 
cidental to life's great battle. We 
are to contend with sin, and tempta- 
tion and the powers of darkness, 
and to follow close in the footsteps 
of Jesus, the great captain of our 

Be men of knowledge, strive to be 
" instructed unto the kingdom of 
heaven." Whatever else you study, 
study the Bible; whatever else you 
learn, learn to fear and obey God. 
Let your knowledge of Christ be a 
living, personal one. 

" Be strong " not in yourself, but 
in the grace that is in Christ Jesus, 
strong in the Lord and the power of 
His might. True manly strength in 
religion is nurtured at the mercy 
seat and at the foot of the cross. 
Seek a Christian experience higher, 
broader, and deeper than you ob- 
serve in the religious world around 


The day dawned clear and fair 
with slightly increased temperature. 
The trains brought friends from all 
parts of the State, and Annville put 
on a holiday appearance. The Board 
of Trustees convened at 3 p. m.,with 
a good attendance. 

The Musical Commencement at 
7.30 p. m. was the crowning feature 
of the day. The attendance was un- 
usually large. The following pro- 
gramme was rendered : 

Quarte — Slavische Tauze,.... Anton Dvorak. 
(Two Pianos.) 
Misses Smith, Eby, Burtner and Mover. 
Invocation— Rev. J. I. L. Resler, A. M. 

Trio-The Violet, ... Curschman. 

Misses Stetfy, Forney and Quigley. 

Solo— Rondo Capriccioso, Mendelssohn. 

Miss Minnie M. Burtner. 

Solo— Alia, Lecrude 11 cor mostrai, Donizetti. 
Miss Nora H. Steffy. 

Quart t— Rhapsodie Hongreise, Liszt. 

(Two Pianos.) 
Miss s Smith, Eby, Burtner and Moyer. 
Duet— Great Creator, Heavenly Father, 


Misses Steffy and Eby. 

Solo— La Charite, Liszt. 

Miss Carrie E. Smith. 

Solo— Thou Everywhere, Lachner. 

Miss Nora H. Steffy. 
Awarding of Diplomas. 

Hallelujah Chorus, " Messiah," Handel. 

Misses Steffy, Wilson. Burtner, Smith, Mum- 
ma, Forney, Rupp, Quigley and Yothers. 
Messrs. Crider, Enck, Rupp, Evers, Stein and 

The opening quartet was very 
enjoyable, yet a little too long for 
such a warm evening. The music 
was very difficult, but the work was 
well done and showed great skill in 
execution. The vocal trio was nice- 
ly rendered and received hearty ap- 

Miss Burtner, one of the graduates, 
played most beautifully " Rondo 
Capriccioso." It evinced exceed- 
ingly flexible fingering and was 
played with ease and grace. Miss 
Burtner did great credit to the musi- 
cal department of the College. 

The vocal solo by Miss Steffy was 
sung in her usual good style. 

The Quartet, " Rhapsodie Hon- 
greise," by Misses Smith, Eby, 
Burtner and Moyer, was one of the 
gems of the evening. It gave evi- 
dence of musical drill and an absorp- 
tion of the spirit of music. 

The vocal duet, " Great Creator, 
Heavenly Father," by Misses Steffy 
and Eby, gave the audience great 
pleasure. The pure spirituelle mu- 
sic of their voices was charming. 

Miss Smith's solo, " La Charite," 
was full of technical difficulty which 
was mastered gracefully. Miss 
Smith composed the music to the 
class song, which was rendered on 
Commencement Day. Miss Smith 
has made the music her own, hence 
it became the expression of her owi 
feeling. She merited the praise and 
credit which these closing day; 
brought her. 

Miss Steffy 's solo, " Thou Every- 
where," was a complete triumph. 
Her charming voice was most pleas- 

President Bierman awarded di- 
plomas to Misses Minnie M. Burtner 
and Carrie E. Smith. A certificate 
was given Miss Nora H. Steffy, in 
recognition of the work she lu 

The Musical Commencement th' 
closed with the " Hallelujah Chorus 
by fifteen ladies and gentlemen. . 
was sung with spirit and unanimit 
of voices that was indeed pleasing. 

There was not a flaw anywhere 
the programme. This of itself is 
sufficient assurance of the efficiency 
of the musical department. 

The teachers', Misses Eby anc 
Moyer, are to be congratulated oi 
the successful completion of thf 
year's work. The general verdic 



ity, stu- 
„d in the 
Lex. C. T. 
, Conference, 

cretary of the 
grades for the 
/ery good. Pres- 
jade a few appro- 
and complimented 
a their good work 
behavior during the 

peated the song in response to a 
hearty encore. 

The Dying Poet, by Miss Swartz, 
was rendered with good effect. 

The ^Eolian Quartet added new 
laurels to its reputation. Their 
encore elicited peals of laughter. 

The Alumni banquet was held in 
the dining hall immediately after the 
exercises. Prof. Deaner was master 
of ceremonies. Music was furnished 
by the ./Eolian Quartet. Toasts 
were responded to by Rev. C. T. 
Stearn, of Chambersburg, Pa., and 
R. S. Harp, Washington, D. C. 

The Alumni can feel proud of the 
successful completion of their public 
meeting and the banquet. 

'd its meetings during 
vere largely attended, 
^ame of base ball was 
a club from Lebanon, 
was 14 to in favor of 
3lub. In the evening the 
held its public meeting, 
allowing was the programme : 

allade Rheinberger. 

Miss M. Ella Moyer, Class 86. 
ocation— Kev. I. H. Albright, Class '76. 
Selected. Barbara Fritchie, Miss Carrie 
G. Eby, Class '87. 
j — Without Sound of Hammer, Mrs. D. 

E. Burtner, B. 8., Class '83. 
-Selected. " With All Her Faults I Love 
er Still," M. H. Kosenleld, C. J. Barr, 
B. s., Clas3 '82. 
storian— A. R. Forney, A. M., Class '74. 

lo— The Hying Poet, Gottschalk. 

Miss Nettie M. Swartz, Class '88. 
ddress— The Heavens Conlirm the Gospel, 

Prof. H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Class '79. 
usic— iEolian Quartet. 

The audience was large and re- 
larkably enthusiastic, although the 
lermometer registered 95°. 

Rev. S. D. Faust, class '89, presid- 

I. The essay by Mrs. Alice Evers 
urtner, class '83, Clay Centre, 
ansas, on " Without Sound of 
ammer," was read by the Secre- 
ry, Mrs. Millie Weidman Bright- 

II, class '81. A. R. Forney, class 
4, Annville, was historian. He 
; efly sketched the personal history 

each alumnus and alumna, and 
med the positions of prominence 
3ld by many. 

Prof. H. Clay Deaner, A. M., class 
9, delivered a well prepared address 
l " The Heavens Confirm the 
ospel." The Professor illustrated 
s points by a well executed chart, 
1 held his large audience spell- 
ld for nearly an hour by his 
I presentation of the Gospel 
e stars. 

le music was unusually fine. 

solo by Miss Moyer was much 
L-eciated and showed skill of high 
er. The vocal solo by Miss Eby, 

lev of voice, was perfectly grand. 
; never sang more sweetly. There 
•e rounds of applause until she 
k the rostrum and repeated the 
g much to the delight of the 
lience. Mr. Barr's solo was a 
>py hit. He sang from the heart 
1 it reached the heart. He re- 


It was sultry and slightly cloudy. 
Chapel was held at 8:30, led by 


Rev. S. D. Faust, president, called 
the meeting to order. In the absence 
of the secretary, Prof. Wm. H. 
Kindt was elected secretary pro 

The Endowment Committee re- 
ported $84 in interest received dur- 
ing 1890. 

The class of '91 was received in a 

President Bierman presented 
greetings to the Association and 
assured them of his well wishes. 

Profs. Deaner and Lehman were 
appointed a committee to have the 
constitution printed in book form. 

Prof. Deaner and Miss Emma 
Landis were appointed a committee 
on memorials. 

Prof. Gerberich and Rev. H. B. 
Dohner, were appointed auditors. 

The following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year : President, R. 
S. Harp ; Vice President, Rev. H. B. 
Dohner ; Secretary, Mary M. Shenk; 
Treasurer, Rev. I. H. Albright ; An- 
tiquarian, Hiram E. Steinmetz. 

The president appointed the fol- 
lowing Executive Committee : 

Prof. H. Clay Deaner, Prof. J. E. 
Leh man, Prof. J. T. Spangler, Rev. 
S. D. Faust and Miss Carrie G. 

The election of speakers for the 
public meeting was referred to the 
Executive Committee. It was or- 
dered that there be a banquet next 


Mrs. Mary E. Groff-Jaquith, class 
of 18*79, was born in Lancaster 
county, this State, lost her mother 
in early life and was therefore 
placed under the care of a judicious 
and kind hearted aunt, who directed 
her studies, and by words and ex- 
ample inspired her with an ambition 
to be brave, noble and useful in life. 

In 1814 she entered Lebanon 
Valley College, and, during her con- 
nection with the institution she 
pursued her work with an unusual 
degree of enthusiasm and diligence, 
graduating with the 'class of 1879. 
The following j^ear she took post- 
graduate work in the Boston Uni- 
versity, where she made the ac- 
quaintance of Mr. Frank E. 
Jaquith, her future husband. After 
her marriage Des Moines, Iowa, 
became her future home. Here 
she lived in happy wedded life until 
she died, the mother of two dear 
little daughters. In early life she 
accepted Christ as her Savior, and 
died in the triumphs of His faith. 
Thus lived and died one of the 
noblest and best on the roll of our 
association. In temper she was 
sweet, in disposition kind and affec- 
tionate, in labors most abundant, 
and now she has gone to reap her 
reward in the skies. 

Educational Mass Meeting. 

The meeting was called to order 
at 2:25 by Mr. Crider, of York, the 
president of the Trustee board. 
Rev. H. B. Dohner, P. E., led in 
prayer, after which Mr. Crider an- 
nounced the object of the meeting 
and introduced the speaker, Rev. 
Mr. Stearn, of Chambersburg, Pa., 
who said: 

1. I am interested in the work of 
our church east and west, north and 
south. (1) I am sure no one can 
ever truthfully say of me that I have 
not been loyal to every interest of 
our beloved Zion. So far as being 
loyal to all her rules and laws are 
concerned, I have nothing to say. 

2. In the years that are past, I 
have had as good offers as many 
others have had to go elsewhere. (1) 
By early training and surroundings 
the doctrine of predestination be- 
came pretty thoroughly worked in 
me. So I have thought God put me 
where I am, and here I must stay. 
(2) These things being true, my chief 
thought]and effort has been in behalf 
of this branch of Christ's kingdom. 

3. While I greatly desire the pros- 
perity of our church generally, I 
confess that I am especially con- 
cerned about building up and devel- 
oping our resources here in the east. 
(1) For some years my thoughts 
have been turned toward 


1. This is the only College we as 
a denomination have east of the 
mountains. In all this vast area of 
territory, with fifty thousand mem- 
bers and one hundred thousand more 
adherents, we have but one school as- 
piring to the dignity of a College. 

2. And we might ask : What is 
the condition of this school? (1) A 



considerable debt remains unpro- 
vided for in any way. But this is 
not a great matter. If the College 
were prosperous, this would soon be 
paid. (2) The Endownment Fund 
is small, and its growth is very slow. 
(3) The buildings are much out of 
repair, and there is no money in the 
treasury to do anything. (4) About 
the most commendable thing about 
the institution is its Faculty, and a 
grand lot of hopeful energetic boys 
and girls p,s students, who are willing 
to endure all things to get an edu- 
cation. All honor to this noble 


1. We can't go on in this way, to 
my mind ; there is no real need that 
we should go on thus. We can do 
better, and we ought to do better. 

2. Many of our people say, the 
remedy is to re-locate. I am not go- 
ing to discuss that subject just now. 
There are other matters which to 
my mind are more vital that I desire 
to spend my time in considering. 

3. I think, however, a few plain 
words need to be spoken right here. 

1. If there is not a revival of inter- 
est in our church in the East in refer- 
ence to our educational work we are 
not going to get along any better no 
matter where the school is located. 
(1) To me, this is the most discourag- 
ing feature in this work. The great 
majority of our preachers and people 
seem actually to be unconcerned as 
to whether this interest shall live or 
die. (2) It is to be feared that some 
of these never write anything, nor 
say anything, in private or public, to 
help on our educational work. (3) 
With this apathy the College will 
have a hard time no matter where it 
is located. 

2. Ma}' be the leading authorities 
of the College are, in great part, to 
be blamed for this supineness and 
apathy in the church. (1) I don't 
propose to rake up the past, but, to 
my mind, one of the greatest mis- 
takes of the past has been the cast- 
ing aside of old and tried friends for 
new and untried ones without suffi- 
cient cause. (2) To gather in new 
friends is important, but, at the 
same time, the old friends should be 
treated properly. (3) And so, it 
may be, that the .unwisdom of the 
authorities in these and other re- 
spects has had something to do in 
bringing about this indifference and 
sloth in regard to our educational 
work. (4) In answering this ques- 
tion : What shall be done? 

1. It seems to me that first of all 
some things need to be undone. (1) 
Some few of our people must get 
out of their minds that the U. B. 
Church must, in one jump, open up a 
great University, and if it don't do 

this, to be all the time finding fault 
and speaking disparagingly of what j 
we are doing. We are a young 
church, and especially are we young I 
in our educational work. So, it is 
not right nor wise to expect such 
great work in such a short time. (2) 
Some of our educators and others 
need to quit getting revelations that 
a few men here and there are going 
to give five, ten and twenty thous- 
and dollars to our educational work, 
and that in this way, in a short time, 
a large amount of money can be 
made up. (3) Such exaggerated ideas 
and suggestions dishearten our peo- 
ple. There may, now and then, be 
a person who will give generously 
to this cause. We may have, here 
and there, those who are able, and 
will give their thousands. But in 
the main, our people are not rich. 
We have no millionaires. Indeed, 
there are but few United Brethren 
who are able to live without work. 
(4) The most of our people who are 
keeping up the various benevolent 
enterprises of the church are, on an 
average, young. These people, if 
they have any money, have it in their 
business. (5) They are willing to 
give a reasonable per cent, of their 
income to the church. But they 
assume to know how much they can 
give, and to what interests they will 
give. (6) And when anyone at- 
tempts to, as the saying goes : 
" Squeeze them," or dictate to them 
how much shall they give, and to 
what they shall give, they will re- 
sent it. (7) So, when they are 
pounced upon, and asked to give by 
the thousands, and even pressed and 
urged upon to do so, they become 
disgusted and turn away feeling that 
the demand is unreasonable. (8) 
To my personal knowledge, persons 
who have been interested in our 
educational work, have been turned 
from us by exorbitant demands being 
made on them. 

2. All of these things must be un- 
done, and an era of common sense 
and practical ideas must be adopted. 
(1) Better politics is the thing that 
is needed ; better politics must be 

2. Having, as we hope, removed 
some of the debris, and laid the 
foundation to build on, we return to 
the original question : 


1. In answering this question I 
will say, the U. B. Church in the 
East should maintain a good sub- 
stantial plain College. (1) We are 
able to do this, and we must do it ; 
the demand is imperative. 

1. We have as fine and intelligent 
class of young people as were ever 
given to any church. (1) Many of 
these will go to College, and is not 
this church under obligations to 

us Oi 
2. By 

mean a goo e 
ings that are 1 
and kept in g^ 
cient equipmen 

everything in s >] 

command respect 1 

the management. v 

a school the U. B. C 

in the East. Such ! 

abundantly able to . i 

believe such a school 

when the matter is piv 

to her attention. 


1. This I regard as a nu 
cult problem to solve. (1) x 
given it my best thought; 
plans have suggested themselv 
my mind. (2) But after all, the 
one plan that comes to me as 
only one that I can regard as lik 
to succeed. 

1. It is that there must be m 
and patient missionating done in b< 
half of this cause. (2) I mean tha 
agents be employed to iro throng' 
the co-operating conferences an 
represent our educational work 
(3) I desire now to speak of a mos 
important matter : 


1. The agent should be a ministe 
of the word. There are many goo< 
reasons why this should be so. 

2. He should be a man of goo 
presence, and one who can preac 
and talk so as to entertain the pe< 

3. He should be a man of got 
common sense and judgment, so; 
not to overdo things, but do hi 
work so that a good impression ma 
be made. 

4. If possible, he should be full 
consecrated to his work. (1) Sett' 
it in the beginning that some yeai 
are to be devoted to this work. 
That others may interest themse 
about the offices and places ir 
church, but " This one thing I 

(3) And bend all his powers 
heart and mind to the promotic 
the college. 

1. But some one may say : Y» 
standard is too high, you enn't 
such an agent. (1) I am sure 
have men possessing all these qu 
fications, and with what I expt 
now to say, I believe they would 
willing to undertake the work. ( 
And this brings me to speak ne 



1. I would define the agent's 
luties thus: First, He shall solicit 
tudents for the college. Second, 
le shall preach, lecture, talk, dis- 
ribute literature, and, in every way 
ossible, bring our educational work 
) the attention of the people. 
'hird, And wherever he ma3 r think 
roper, and in any way he may deem 
est, he shall solicit financial aid for 
he college. ( 1 ) I believe the first 
rear an agent working on this line 
jould bring twenty students to the 
>chool ; he could raise enough money 
o considerably repair the buildings, 
nd also pay a good part of his own 
alary. (2) In this way, I believe, 
jy patient persevering effort upon 
he part of the agent, and good 
management upon the part of the 
ustees, in ten years we could have 
ar college in such a condition as 
hat we would all feel proud of it. 


1. The agent should be put on an 
equal footing with the Faculty. (1) 
When pay-day comes he should be 
paid his salary without regards to 
what he has collected. (2) He 
should have nothing else to do but 
the work I have indicated. Keep 
him in the field. (3) The trustees 
must stand by him, and give him all 
the help he needs until Ire has had 
J me to get fairly started in the 
work. He must not be expected to 
nake brick without straw. He must 
estore confidence and sow the seed 
>efore he can be expected to gather 
i crop. 

2. And now I have given you my 
ihoughts on this important subject. 
1) I don't think that what I have 
aid is a mere dream, a phantom. (2) 

have for the last ten years been so 
horougbly persuaded in my own 
lind that the plan I have stated 
ould succeed, and that whoever 
ould undertake it and succeed 
ould do the grandest and best 
ervice for the church ever accom- 
)lished, as that I would have offered 
o undertake it, but I could not do 
so. (3) I would be willing to go 
nto the field to day with every as- 
urance of success, but I cannot 
ik of it. 

. I don't think I have stated any 
g too strongly. (1)1 have given 
my views for whatever they 
/ be worth. I only ask that they 
treated respectfully in this dis- 

Rev. Mr. Albright was then called 
r, who said that he believed that 
e College made some mistakes, 
id one was in appointing agents 
ho could not perform their duties 
. set forth by the preceding 
>eaker, and that he believed that 
r. Stearn would come nearer to the 

ideal man than any one he knows of. 

Prof. Daniel Eberly was the next 
speaker. He did not consider Leb- 
anon Valley College an old institu- 
tion, but that it has made a record 
by sending out graduates who com- 
pare favorably with older institu- 
tions. That there is a time coming 
when it will not be struggling for an 
existence, yet he believed it a bless- 
ing that we have these young and 
struggling schools ; that students 
learn just as much in these as in 
wealthier institutions. His argu- 
ments were strong, and he did not be- 
lieve in the foolish idea that a few 
boys could carry the institution on 
yonder hill, or a few men across the 
valley. He gave some of the funny 
notions people had in his day about 
College boys and educated ministers. 

Ex-President Kcphart, of Leba- 
non, then took the floor. He did 
not consider Lebanon Yalley College 
very young, and spoke of the neces- 
sity of doing something now. " He 
gives best who gives wow." He did 
not think the question was, " what 
are the promises,'' but " what can be 
done now." He said that he was 
told a few years ago, when he was 
president of the College, that some 
one must lay his life upon the altar, 
but that he declined to be that one. 
He believed in an enthusiastic board 
of trustees, who will back up the in- 
stitution with their means or arrange 
to secure the payment of all de- 
mands. That if willing we are able 
to put up an institution that will 
compare favorably with any other 
institution, and it will not hurt us. 

Rev. C. I. B. Brane, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, was the next speaker. He 
spoke earnestly of the necessity of a 
College in the East ; of the advan- 
tages of the co-operation of the 
church ; and prayed that God might 
inspire us with enthusiasm and united 
efforts to work for its interest. He 
was applauded throughout his entire 

President Bierman then spoke. 
His speech was short, but to the 
point, as is his custom. He be- 
lieved in an agent, if the right man 
could be secured, and expressed his 
willingness to pay out of his own 
pocket, yearly, $250, for five years, 
direct towards the agent's sala^ if 
one can be found as described. Is 
ready to pay it to Mr. Stearn. 

Mr. J. B. Stehman then spoke of 
the spiritual inlluence of the College 
and the attachment and love one has 
after pajdng towards the mainte- 
nance of such an institution. 

Rev. A. P. Funkhouser was called 
to the platform and said he believes 
in keeping expenses within bounds of 
income. He gave several illustra- 
tions to show the necessity of being 
of one mind and working together 
for the best interest of the College. 

The Quartette rendered a song at 
this point, after which the president 
closed by making some very good 
points on the success of the meeting 
of the afternoon. He did not be- 
lieve in coming here } 7 early and 
talk, and yet never pay a cent to- 
wards the support of the College. 

Trustee Meeting. 

The Board of Trustees of Lebanon 
Valley College met in annual session 
on Monday, June 15, 1891, at 3 
o'clock p. m. 

The following members were pres- 
ent: C. T. Stearn, D. W. Crider, I. 
H. Albright, A. P. Funkhouser, J. I. 
L. Resler, Boaz W. Light, Solomon 
L. Swartz, C. I. B. Brane, A. M. 
Evers, H. II. Kreider, Joseph B. 
Hursh, S. D. Faust, L. W. Stahl, 
Chas. B. Rettew, Isaac B. Haak, H. 
B. Spayd, W. 0. Baker, Wm. H. 
Wagner, S. F. Engel, A. S. Riland, 
D. Eberly, Wm. H. Ulrich, John B. 
Stehman and A. II. Rice. 

D. W. Crider, Esq., of York, Pa., 
was elected President; W T illiam H. 
Ulrich, Esq., of Hummelstown, Vice- 
President; and Rev. Isaac II. Al- 
bright, Secretary. 

The following standing commit- 
tees were appointed, viz. : 

Endowment — Bros. Ulrich, Funk- 
houser, Stearn, Ressler and Light. 

Library and Apjjaratus — Bros. 
Wagner, Spayd, Hursh, Riland and 
Prof. Grerberich. 

Steward and Domestic Department 
— Bros. Stahl, Crider, Engel, Baker 
and Evers. 

Ladies 1 Hall — Bros. Stehman, Ret- 
tew, Light, Stahl and Evers. 

Grounds and Buildings — Bros. 
Funkhouser, Rice, Lehman, Braue 
and Deaner. 

Faculty — Bros. Faust, Ressler, 
Albright, Ensrel and Brane. 

Finance — Bros. Eberly, Kreider, 
Haak, Riland and Baker. 

On motion, the following paper 
was adopted, viz. : 

Whereas, Miss Minnie M. Burt- 
ner and Miss Carrie E. Smith are 
duly recommended by the Faculty 
of this institution for graduation in 
the course of Piano and Harmony, 

Resolved, That we hereb}- author- 
ize the graduation of each in said 
course and direct the Faculty to 
grant to each of* said candidates a 
diploma testifying to the same. 
On motion adjourned. 

Tuesday's session. 
Mr. Henry H. Kreider made the 
following report, which was received 
and adopted, viz. : 


Balance in Treasury, $25.82 

Received on Old Accounts, 723,72 

ltec'd for Boarding, Tuition,etc. 9,978.12 
Total, $10,727.66 



Paid on Orders, (old account).. $1,578.18 
Paid on Orders 9,956.48 

Total, $10,634.6<i 

Balance in Treasury, 93.00 

Mr. Isaac B. Haak, the General 
Manager, made the following report, 
which was received and adopted : 

JUNE 15, 1891. 

Boarding, $5,022.40 

Tuition, 2,069.15 

Music, 1,096.18 

Art, 412.18 

Diplomas, 55.00 

Room Rent, 8.75 

Forum Account, 15.00 

Money Refunded, 159 

Donations, 159.73 

Rent and Interest, 139.00 

Notes, etc., 723.72 


David Kreider,, $100.00 

A.R.Forney, 100.00 

John B. Rauch, 60.00 

Andrew Kreider, 50.00 

Solomon L. Swai-tz, 50.00 

S. L. Brightbill, 50.00 

D. W. Crider, 50.00 

H. H. Kreider, 50.00 

Jos. H. Kreider, 50.00 

John Hunsicker, 25.00 

Abraham Herr, 20.00 

Jonas G. Stehmau, 15.00 

Isaac H. Albright, 6.00 

William Witta, 5.00 $631.00 


Harrisburg, (Mem.), '90, $16.91 

Annville, (1890), 21.88 

Phila., (Mt. Pisgah),... 3.50 

Hummelstown, 5.75 

Lebanon, (Trinity),.... 25.57 

Annville, (1891), 56.15 

Mountville 15.00 

Mt. Joy, 4.50 

Highspire, 2.25 

Paradise Circuit 10.13 $161.64 


Rayville, Md., (1890)... $13.00 

Red Lion, 9.00 

Harrisburg, (Otterbein), 6.00 

Baltimore, (Scott St.),. 15.35 

Littlestown 6.00 

Mechanicsburg, 10.00 

Mt. Wolf, 10.25 

Duncaunon, 5.54 

Shippensburg, 8.00 

Harrisb'g, (Otterbein),. 21.05 

York Circuit, 6.00 

York, (2d Church), .... 6.00 

Shiremanstown,, 14. 11 

York Haven, 3.00 

Perry Circuit, 10.71 

Rayville, Md,, 8.00 

Chambersburg 15.00 $166.01 


Conference Collection, . . $52.37 

Reading, 10.60 

Myerstown, 4 56 

Mt. Carmel, 5.00 $72.53 


Keedysville, (1890) 10.00 $10.00 


Mt. Pleasant, 5.00 $5.00 



Traveling Expenses, $32.02 

Janitor Services, 200.00 

Discounts, 318.28 

Interest on Mortgage, 805.00 

Old Accounts, 1,578.18 

College Association, 18.00 

Postage and Expressagc, 12.63 

Fire Insurance, 22.94 

Repairs, etc., 114.80 

Domestic Department 2,432.38 

Printing and Advertising, 143.60 

Steward's Salary, 250.00 

Teachers' Salaries.. . 4,800.00 


Bills Collectible, $305.35 


Teachers' Salaries, $1,230.00 

Steward's Salary 200.00 

Coal 260.00 


Respectfully submitted, 

Isaac B. Haak, 
Gen'l Maug'r L. V. C. 

President Bierman then read his 
annual report, in which he reviewed 
the work of the past year, and 
closed with the following recommen- 
dations from the Faculty, viz. : 

The following young men and 
women having completed the studies 
in the Scientific Course, and having 
satisfactorily passed an examination 
upon the same, are recommended for 
graduation in said course with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science (B. 
S.) : Schuyler C. Enck, Clay, Pa.; 
John W. Owen, Shippensburg, Pa.; 
Lillian M. Quigley, Harrisburg, Pa.; 
Ella N. Saylor, Annville, Pa.; Mary 
M. Shenk, Annville, Pa. 

The following young men having 
completed the studies in the Classi- 
cal Course, and having passed satis- 
factory examination upon the same, 
are recommended for graduation in 
said course with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts (A. B.): Samuel J. 
Evers, Keedysville, Md.; Grant L. 
Shaeffer, Lebanon, Pa.; Wm. H. 
Washinger, Harrisburg, Pa. 

The Rev. Laertes T. Conrad, B. 
S., B. D., of Rhinebeck, New York, 
a member of the class of 1882, of 
this institution, having since his 
graduation taken postgraduate 
work in Amherst College is hereby 
recommended for graduation as 
Master of Science (M. S.) This re- 
port and its recommendations were 

The Committee on Endowment 
reported through its chairman, Bro. 
Ulrich, recommending the appoint- 
ment of a judicious and active agent 
to work up the College interests in 
general, and especially to secure 
donations to the Endowment Fund. 

The Auditing Committee reported, 
and the report was adopted. 

The Committee on Library and 
Apparatus reported the library in 
good condition, and the report was 

The Committee on Ladies' Hall 
reported, recommending a number 
of improvements and repairs, and 
the report was adopted. 

The Committee on Faculty re- 
ported, recommending the re-election 
of President Bierman, and lie was 
unanimously re-elected. Action on 

the remainder of the report was 
postponed until Thursday morning. 

The Special Committee on Fi- 
nance made the following report, 
which was adopted, viz. : 


Boarding, $5,022.4 

Tuition, 2,069.1 

Music, 1,096.1: 

Art, 412.V 

Diplomas, 55.0( 

Room Rent, 8. 75 

Forum Account, 15. 01 

Money Refunded, 1.50 

Donations, 6.7c 

Rent and Interest, 139.00 

Endownment Interest, 631. 0( 

College Day Offerings, 415.11 

Bills Collectible, 305.3, 

Total, $10,177^54 


Traveling Expenses, $32.0 

Janitor Services, 200.G 

College Association, 18.0 

Postage and Expressage, 12.6i 

Fire Insurance, 22.94 

Repairs, etc 114.80 

Domestic Department, 2,432.38 

Printing and Advertising, 143.60 

Steward's Salary, 450.00 

Teacher's Salaries, 6,030.00 

Coal, 501.00 

Total, $9,957.37 


Income, 10,177.54 

Expense, 9,957.37 

Balance '. $220J7 

On motion adjourned. 

Wednesday's session. 

The Committee on Finance made 
a report recommending the raising 
of five thousand ($5,000) dollars by 
the several co-operating conferences, 
to meet pressing claims within ninety 
days, which was after considerable dis- 
cussion adopted. Also, kindly re 
questing the co-operating conferences 
to add a column to the chart for th 
College collections. A motion was 
also adopted urging the pastors c 
the various charges in our confei 
ences to devise means to make " Coj 
lege Day " a greater success. 

The Committee on Grounds ano 
Buildings made a report, which was 

Hemy H. Kreider, Esq., was re- 
elected treasurer of the College. 

The Committee on Steward P"' 
Domestic Department reported, r 
omending the re-election of Mr. J< 
A. Mauliair as Steward, which 

Isaac B. Haak, Esq., was re-elec> 
General Manager fur another ye; 

The following were elected 
serve on the Executive Committ 
the coming year, viz. : 

H. H. Kreider, Isaac B. Haak, 
H. Albright, A. R. Forney, B. ^ 
Light and W. O. Baker. Presidei 
Bierman is a member, ex-ojftcio, ( 
this committee. 



Thursday's Session. 

The following preamble and reso- 
utions on re-location were adopted 
fter considerable discussion ; 
Whereas, A sentiment exists fa- 
n-able to the re-location of Leba- 
>n Valley College, and whereas we 
^sire to treat this sentiment with 
:>per consideration ; therefore Re- 
ved, That until some real substan- 
1 offer be made by some other 
ace, it is our solemn and impera- 
ve duty to stand by our College as 
}w located. 

Lebanon Valley College has done 
)o great and grand a work that 
e should now turn away from her 
) such offers as are now before us. 
Resolved, That we cannot entertain 
te thought of abandoning what we 
w have, unless an offer thoroughly 
arauteed, be made of grounds and 
t less than one hundred thousand 
100.000) dollars. 

Resolved, That until We have a 
tter institution ready for occu 
ncy, we will rally to the support 
Lebanon Valley College with all 
ie influence we can command. 
Resolved, That Bros A. H. Rice, 
)hn Thomas, Isaac B. Haak, C. I.' 
. Brane, A. P. Punkhouser and 
D. Paust, be a commitee to con 
der any propositions or bids that 
ay be submitted by any party or 
trties ; no propositions made by ir- 
sponsible parties or in an informal 
ly shall be considered ; nor a pro- 
sition made by any place where 
r Church has not a strong local 

The Committee on Faculty made 
) following report, which was 
opted, viz. : 

1. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor 
the Latin language and Astron- 


. E. Lehman, A. M., Professor of 

arah M. Sherrick, B. Ph., Pro- 
or of the Modern Languages and 
,lish Literature. 

. A. McDermad, A. M., Professor 
Natural Science. 

rie G. Eby, Professor of Music; 

la Moyer, Assistant Instructor 


i vacancy created by the resig- 

i of Miss Sheldon to be filled 

3 Executive Committee. 

nks to the citizens of Ann- 
exe tendered by a rising vote 

eir hospitality to members of 

jard and visiting friends. 

motion it was agreed that here- 
the Board of Trustees meet in 
il session on Tuesday morning, 
>'clock, of Commencement week! 
e following resolutions were 
imously adopted, viz. : 
solved, That we take pleasure 
rtifying to the satisfactory man- 
in which Professor Gerberich 
Professor Spangler have dis. 


charged their duties as professors in 
this institution during the past year, 
and cordially commend them as gen- 
tlemen of capacity and promise, and 
our heartiest well wishes attend 
them for abundant success in life. 

Resolved, That we accept Miss 
Florence Adelaide Sheldon's resig- 
nation as teacher of the Fine Arts 
with sincere regret, and hereby as- 
sure her of our best wishes for her 
future success in life. 

The sessions of the Board were 
largely attended by interested visi- 
tors, and a determination to make 
the College a success under any cir- 
cumstances seemed to be the ambi- 
tion of every one present. 

While there were differences of 
opinion on many propositions that 
came before the body for consider- 
ation, the brethren agreed to disa- 
gree and move forward. 

Art Department. 

The Art Department Exhibition 
was superior to any former years. 
Miss Sheldon, its excellent teacher, 
had arranged the exhibits most tasti- 
ly. Throngs daily visited the exhib- 
its who were perfectly delighted with 
the great variety and skill dis- 
played. There is no college in the 
church which has a superior Art De- 
partment. Many persons expressed 
great surprise at the difficult works 
and the efficiency of the department. 
Below are given a list of the exhibits : 


Van Leenduiiten. 

28— The Sanctuary, 

29— Dog, 

30— Deer's Head.- 

31— At the Wheel. 

32— Going to Market. 

33— The Violin Player, 

34 — 45 — Drawings. 

Bertha C. Mayer. 

46— Peaches and Pears. 

47 — Snow Soene. 

Lillian M. Quiglet. 

48— Daffodils, Bertha Maguire 

49— Little Mischief, 

50 — A Sunny Day, 

51 — Puppies, 

52 — Chrysanthemums, 

53— Water Lillies, 

54 — Pansies, 

55— Primroses, 
ft 6 — A Lake View, 

57 — Sunflower, 

58 — Chrysanthemum Panel. 

59— A Poor Comer, J. Q. Brown. 

60— Antipoden, Piglheim. 

61— Lady of the XIII. Centui y, 

„ n _.. E. Tondouze. 

62— Piquet, J. E. L. Meissonier. 

63— Study, Si r p. Leiqhton. 
6 4-65-Crayon Studies. y 


Mabel Saltzer. 

66 — Landscape. 

67— Castle. 

™~ ?, lue Bells ' E. Vouga. 

69 — Mountains. 

70— Black and White. 

71— Pansies, Bertha Maguire. 

Nora Steffey. 

72— 73— Crayon Portraits. 
74-75— Studies. 

Mary Eley. 

J. O. Arter. 

Helena Maguire. 

E. J. Uolgote. 

Maud Stumm. 

A. J. Johnson. 
G. Goodyear. 


Clara Backenstoe. 

1 — Mountain Scene. 

2 — Village Smithy. 

Ida L. Bowman. 

3— Dashing Waves, L. Woodward. 
Mary Euston, 

4— Playing Grandmother. 

5 — Bertie. 

6 -Lilacs, j. G . Eley. 

7— Poppies, e. Vouga. 

8— Fleur-de-lis. B. Rheinhart. 

9— A Kitten Family. 

10— Good Morning, W. H. Howe. 
Katie Eubton. 

11— Red River, R Maury. 

12— Boot Black, J. O.Brown. 
16 — Interested. 
14 — Crayou Portrait. 

Anna M. Grove. 

in~ E? nd Lillies ' E. Vouga. 

16— Wild Roses, Maud Stumm. 

Lizzie Hiester. 

17— Moonlight. 

18— Village Smithy. 

19 — Roses. 

Lydia Houck. 

20— Biue Titmice, E. Wilby. 
Josephine Kreider. 

21— Cherries, a. I. II. Way. 

22 — Apples, v. Dangon. 

J - F - H - Dewey. 

24— Old Holland Canal, F. Krause. 

George Kindt. 

25— Deer's Head, Walter Satterlee. 

26 — A Scene in Spain. 

27— Strawberries, M. Regan. 

G. J. Blenner. 

Mary M. Shenk. 

Z%— Puppies, Helena Maguire. 

77— Kittens. 

78— Italian Girl, 

79— The First Snow. 

80— Sailor Boy. 

81— Steer's Head, J. m. Hart. 

82— An Ideal Head, E. G. King 

83— An Old Barn, G. E. Gookman. 

84— 94— Still Life Studies. 

Mabel Seabold. 
95-96— German Scenes, F. Krause. 

97— Landscape, E. Penley. 

98— Moonlight, A. Rosier. 

99 — Mountains. 

100 — Snow Scene. 

101— Study of Lemons. 

102— Cats, Helena Maguire. 

103 — Ducks. 

104— Arum Lillies, Bertha Maguire. 

105 — Sunflowers. 

106— Girl's Head. 

107— Flemish Bride. 

Sarah M. Sherrick. 

108 — In the Gloaming, Geo. Innes. 

109— Fox Terrier, M. Guise. 

110— Hollyhocks, A. D. Abbatt. 

111— Fleur-de-lis, C. Goodyear. 

112— Tennyson, J, Reich. 

113— Study, Wiley. 

Sara A. Uhlrich. 

114— A Wreck, L. Woodward. 

115— Peonies, A. Barnard. 

116— Dog. 

117— White and Black. 

118— 1 2 J— Crayon Portraits. 

Emma L. Wolfe. 

121— Tea Roses, 

122 — La France Roses, 

123— A Collier Brig. 

124 — Snow Scene. 

125— Moonlight. 

126 — An American Girl. 

O. Goodyear. 
R. H. Nicholls. 


127— Banner. 

128— China. 

Emma Wallace. 

129— Plums, 

130 — Lake Scene, 

131— Black and White. 

E. M. Scott. 
P. Maury. 


Edwin Moran. 


.132— Notre Dame, 
133— ^Landscape. 

134_ Water Lillies, E. Vouga. 

135— River Scene, H. F. Laurent. 

M^ry Kreider. 

136— 139— DraVings. 

, ^ Annie Kreider. 
140— 142— Drawings. 

Edwin Kreider. 
143-147— Drawings. 

Alma Light. 
148-152 — Drawings. 

Reba Lehman. 
1 53-155 —Drawings. 

Emma Loose. 
156-101— Drawings. 

Bertha Mumma. 
162-164— Drawings. 

Nora Spayd. 
165-168— Drawings. 


Carrie Letterman, 
Nora Snavely, 

Mary Bartdorf, 
Loula F. Bowman, 
Jennie Coombs, 
Ella R. Deaner, 
Sallie Kreider, 

Lizzie Suavely, 
Maggie Strickler, 
Carrie Smith. 

Commencement Day. 

The commencement exercises pro- 
per took place on Thursday morning, 
and though the weather was inclem- 
ent and kept many interested parties 
away, the Chapel was crowded at an 
early hour. At precisely 9 o'clock, 
President Bierman, Faculty and the 
Senior Class appeared on the ros- 
trum and the exercises began. 

Rev. M. J. Mumma offered prayer. 
Excellent music followed, under the 
direction of Miss Carrie G. Eby, 
Professor of Voice. 

Mr. Grant L. Shaeffer, of Leba- 
non, delivered the first oration, on 
"Wealthy a Coming Evil." The 
speaker very forcibly and eloquently 
dj&picted the evils of the concentra- 
tion of t wealth, and proved conclu- 
sively that unless the trend of the 
times in this direction is changed 
our own county will share the fate 
of other unfortunate nations. 

Miss Mary M. Shenk, of Annville, 
delivered a well-conceived and beau- 
tifully expressed oration on "Open 
the Window." We want more light 
in all directions, more freedom of 
discussion, more frankness in the 
expression of opinion, more light to 
. free the soul, more light to strength- 
en the body. 

Mr. Schuyler C. Enck, of Clay, 
Pa., discoursed very ably on " To 
Every Man His Work." God has a 
special work or mission for ever} 7 
man ; in the faithful discharge of 
that work he will succeed ; an at- 

tempt to evade it and do something 
else will only bring failure. 

Miss Lillian M. Quigley, of Har- 
risburg, delivered a very thoughtful 
address on " The Safeguard of Our 
Nation." The influence of the 
mother, the surroundings of a pleas- 
ant home, the teachings of Christ's 
precious precepts will save us from 
the perils of intemperance, divorce, 
Sabbath desecration and other threat- 
ening evils. 

Mr. John W. Owen, of Shippens- 
burg, Pa., sketched the history and 
development of " Electricity," in 
very graphic language and sees the 
possibilities of a remarkable factor 
in the forces of nature in the years 
to come. 

Miss Ella N. Saylor, of Annville, 
delivered quite an interesting ora- 
tion on " The Debt We Owe the 
Past." To Christianity, civilization, 
and language much is due for our 
present comfortable position as a 
nation or as individuals. How few ap- 
preciate the labors and struggles of 
those who have gone before. 

Mr. Samuel J. Evers, of Keedys- 
ville, Md., gave a very interesting 
historical sketch of " The Wandering 
Jew." He is the despised of all na- 
tions, an outcast, and yet a success- 
ful merchant here, a prominent 
lawyer there, and not a beggar any- 

Mr. Wm. H. Washinger, of Har- 
risburg, Pa., delivered the last ora- 
tion, on " The Heights are Beyond." 
Much has been attained already, 
many fierce conflicts have been 
fought, but do not rest satisfied with 
the present; the heights are beyond. 
The oration was fine in thought and 
presented in a way that won favor 
from all present. 

President Bierman then presented 
the diplomas and conferred the fol- 
lowing degrees, viz. : 

Bachelor of Arts. — Samuel J. 
Evers, Grant L. Shaeffer and Wm. 
H. Washinger. 

Bachelor of Science. — Schuyler C. 
Enck, John W. Owen, Lillian M. 
Quigley, Ella N. Saylor and Mary 
M. Shenk. 

Master of Science. — Rev. Laertes 
T. Courad, B. S., of Rhinebeck, 
N. Y. 

The following class song was sung : 
Music — Carrie E. Smith. 
Words — Wm. H. Washinger. 
Classmates, teachers, friends and students, 

Let us briefly now review 
The many hours of toil and labor, 

As they came each day anew. 
Let us treasure up in memory 

All the happy hours we spent, 
Pondering o'er our many studies, 
Each ou knowledge deeply bent. 


The heights are beyond, 

And ever will strive 
To keep our ideal high, 

'Till we obtain the prize. 
So now we bid adieu 

To all assembled here, 
And wish you all success 
In each succeeding year. 
We as classmates now are ready 
To embark on life's rough sea ; 
In our beloved Alma Mater 

We as students ne'er shall be. 
Let us form the resolution, 

As we leave her halls to day 
Never in the right to falter, 
But uphold the truth alway. 

Now before us lies the future — 

Who'll its joys and sorrows tell ? 
Yet by them we all can profit 

If we improve each moment well. 
The fund of knowledge we have gained 

The discipline that we've received, 
Aids will be in coming years 

T' attain the motto we believe. 

The benediction was pronounce 
by Rev. M. J. Mumma. 

The friends of Lebanon Valk 
College have abundant cause for gr 
itude to God for the successful yt 
just ended. . 

A fool always wants to short 
space and time ; a wise man war 
to lengthen both. A fool wants 
kill space and time ; a wise man, fir 
to gain them, then to animate then 
Your railroad, when you come t 
understand it, is only a device f 
making the world smaller, and i 
for being able to talk from place 
place, that is indeed well and conv 
nient, but suppose you have, origi 
ally, nothing to say? — John Ruski 

Class Day 

Visiting Cards 
Plate and 50 for $1 
Address Dies. 
Coats of Arms. 





912 Filbert Street, PViiIqiIpVi 
834 Chestnut Street, flUldUdll 


Reverting Fund Assure 



It is conducted on the REVERTING 

Meets with popular favor wherevei 
duced. Embodies the cheapness of tl 
SESSMENT PLAN" and the securir 

Is Superior and unlike any other 
Life Insurance. Affords the same ben 
case of death as that of any other insu 
and is the only system that guarante- 
insured a benefit at stated periods d 
life in exess of the premiums paid. 

Actuaries and insurance men gem 
pronounce it the " acme " of insurance i 

Plan circulars will be mailed to any o 

^-General and Soliciting Agents wi 
throughout the United States. Term 
perior to those offered by any other com] 

H. V. MOHN, Pres'1 

15 North Fifth Street, 

Reading, Per,